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Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Massachusetts in the Army and Navy during the war of 1861-1865, vol. 1, Mass. officers and men who died. 461 449 Browse Search
William F. Fox, Lt. Col. U. S. V., Regimental Losses in the American Civil War, 1861-1865: A Treatise on the extent and nature of the mortuary losses in the Union regiments, with full and exhaustive statistics compiled from the official records on file in the state military bureaus and at Washington 457 125 Browse Search
Frederick H. Dyer, Compendium of the War of the Rebellion: Regimental Histories 432 88 Browse Search
Rebellion Record: a Diary of American Events: Documents and Narratives, Volume 10. (ed. Frank Moore) 425 15 Browse Search
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 3. 398 2 Browse Search
William Swinton, Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac 346 0 Browse Search
Brigadier-General Ellison Capers, Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 5, South Carolina (ed. Clement Anselm Evans) 303 1 Browse Search
Maj. Jed. Hotchkiss, Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 3, Virginia (ed. Clement Anselm Evans) 247 5 Browse Search
Comte de Paris, History of the Civil War in America. Vol. 3. (ed. Henry Coppee , LL.D.) 210 0 Browse Search
Horace Greeley, The American Conflict: A History of the Great Rebellion in the United States of America, 1860-65: its Causes, Incidents, and Results: Intended to exhibit especially its moral and political phases with the drift and progress of American opinion respecting human slavery from 1776 to the close of the War for the Union. Volume II. 201 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in Horace Greeley, The American Conflict: A History of the Great Rebellion in the United States of America, 1860-65: its Causes, Incidents, and Results: Intended to exhibit especially its moral and political phases with the drift and progress of American opinion respecting human slavery from 1776 to the close of the War for the Union. Volume II.. You can also browse the collection for Fredericksburg, Va. (Virginia, United States) or search for Fredericksburg, Va. (Virginia, United States) in all documents.

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a rapid retreat. May 30. It was high time. Gen. Shields, whose division had been detached from Banks, and marched over a hundred miles to join McDowell at Fredericksburg, to replace the division of Gen. Franklin--already sent to McClellan — and enable McDowell to move directly on Richmond, was now ordered Gen. McDowell, in lds's division, 11,000 strong, raising his entire force — not including Franklin's division. already sent to McClellan — to 41,000 men, joined him at or near Fredericksburg either on the 22d or 23d of May, but in want of artillery ammunition: that which they had having just been condemned at Catlett's Station. and the new supply strike a blow at Banks or at McDowell, as circumstances should render advisable. The detachment of Shields from Banks, and sending the former to McDowell at Fredericksburg, in order to enable the latter to advance to the aid of McClellan before Richmond, determined the direction of the blow. Both Fremont and Shields, being r<
lellan to advance from New Bridge, via Mechanicsville, to Hanover Court House, in order to facilitate and render secure Gen. McDowell's expected junction from Fredericksburg. Starting at 3 A. M., May 27. in a pouring rain, our cavalry advance, under Gen. W. H. Emory, had reached at noon a point two miles southward of the Courtto reenforce Jackson, and that they were probably not less than 10,000 men. To this the President responded, that he had similar information from Gen. King at Fredericksburg; and added: If this is true, it is as good as a reenforcemnent to you. McClellan on that day telegraphed to the President: A general engagement may take Peninsula, is, under present circumstances, a military impossibility. The only alternative is to send the forces on the Peninsula to some point by water-say Fredericksburg — where the two armies can be united. * * * But, you will reply, why not reenforce me here, so that I can strike Richmond from my present position? To do
gel. The entire strength of this newly organized army was nearly 50,000 men, scattered from Fredericksburg to Winchester, of whom 40,000 might be considered disposable. To Gen. Pope was assigned the23d. Before quitting Washington July 29. for the field, Pope had ordered Gen. King, at Fredericksburg, to push forward detachments of his cavalry to the Virginia Central Railroad and break it upd by the enemy. Pope, under instructions to preserve his communications with Gen. King at Fredericksburg, ordered August 8. a concentration of his infantry and artillery upon Culpepper, his headhis woods till the night of the 11th; when, aware that King's division had just come up from Fredericksburg, and that Pope was about to strike at his communications, and thus compel him to fight on eqth intent to turn our right. Pope, still under orders to maintain his communications with Fredericksburg, was unable to extend his right farther without too much weakening his center, and telegraph
ent of his forces down the Rappahannock to Fredericksburg, which he had selected as on the proper ast of Dec. 10-11. throwing over pontoons to Fredericksburg; also at a point nearly two miles below. carefully trained upon the approaches from Fredericksburg; while that fatal stone wall — so strong tlfully masked by a feint of crossing below Fredericksburg; the 6th (Sedgwick's) corps laying pontoon left, and to hold the heights overlooking Fredericksburg, which he judged no longer likely to be as having arrived by a hard march from below Fredericksburg, had been mainly posted in reserve near oun up all those great roads connecting with Fredericksburg. The enemy took possession of the belt ofs left, and even back to the heights above Fredericksburg. He was not strong enough to fight the whard, to destroy the railroad bridge on the Fredericksburg road at Ashland; but proved unequal to the; since communication between Richmond and Fredericksburg might be maintained by either. By keeping[33 more...]
and to the terrors inspired by the memories of Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville? In fact, Lee's invasioongstreet's corps led June 3. the march from Fredericksburg, followed June 4-5. by Ewell's corps; while make as much display as possible in and around Fredericksburg: but Hooker was soon aware that something unusuer the ground so thickly, not even at the first Fredericksburg fight, as they did on that portion of the field river valley, like that of the Rappahannock at Fredericksburg, to render the fire of guns from bluff to bluffk next crossed Sept. 1. at Port Conway below Fredericksburg, driving before him a Rebel force stationed on d movement to the left, to seize the heights of Fredericksburg; but Halleck negatived the project; so SedgwickGordonsville and Orange Court House eastward to Fredericksburg; and our army, moving southward to flank the ene says he should have marched to the heights of Fredericksburg, if Halleck had left him at liberty to do so; b
of whom were brought into action. This disparity of numbers, together with the fact that the movements on our side appear to have been judiciously planned, skillfully combined, and virgorously made, explain the result more naturally than does Bragg's assertion, that his men quite generally and shamefully misbehaved and were panic-stricken. It is plain that they were largely outnumbered, and that they saw and felt it; yet, with such dispositions, such handling on both sides, as rendered Fredericksburg a black disaster to us, there is no obvious reason for believing that Bragg's eyrie, so difficult of approach, might not have been triumphantly held. Thomas returned directly from the battle-field to Chattanooga to expedite the movement of Granger's corps thence to the relief of Knoxville; while Sherman and Hooker pursued, at daylight, Nov. 2<*> the routed columns of Bragg: the former, by way of Chickamauga Station; the latter by Greysville and Ringgold; Palmer, in his advance, hav
nt sustained by the people. unquestionably, the darkest hours of the National cause were those which separated Burnside's and Sherman's bloody repulses, at Fredericksburg Dec. 13, 1862. and Vicksburg Dec. 28. respectively from the triumphs of Meade at Gettysburg, July 3, 1863. Grant in the fall of Vicksburg, July 4.arrange the terms of a just, satisfactory, and conclusive separation between the North and the South. Even before this, and before the repulse of Burnside at Fredericksburg, Lord Lyons, British Embassador at Washington, had sent a confidential dispatch to his Government, narrating the incidents of a visit he had paid to New York tomac was moving northward to cover Washington and Baltimore — when Milroy's demolition at Winchester seemed to have filled the bitter cup held to our lips at Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville — when tidings of the displacement of Hooker by Meade, just on the eve of a great, decisive battle, were received with a painful surprise
seemed to threaten St. Louis, only 40 miles distant; but this was a feint only, or was seen, on closer observation, to be too hazardous: so, burning the railroad bridge over the Meramec, at Moselle, he turned northwestward: Oct. 1 Gen. A. J. Smith, with 4,500 infantry a and 1,500 cavalry, following him vigilantly but cautiously. Burning Herman Oct. 5.--an intensely Radical German settlement on the Missouri — and the rail-road bridge over the Gasconade; fording the Gasconade near Fredericksburg and the Osage at Castle Rock, Oct. 6. burning the railroad bridge here, lie appeared before Jefferson City; which Gens. McNeil and Sanborn, with all the men they could mount, had just reached by forced marches from Rolla: and these, added to the force under Gens. Fisk and Brown, already there, made a garrison of 4,100 cavalry and 2,600 infantry — generally twelve-months' men of little experience in the field, but capable of good service behind intrenchments. Fisk decided — the other <
station, where lie had his first collision and drove the enemy; thence across the South Anna to Kilby Station, on the Fredericksburg road; cutting both roads as he passed, and pushing on to within 3 miles of Richmond ; March 1. passing its first aand bushes, diversified by very few clearings, but crossed by three or four good roads, the best of them centering on Fredericksburg, and by a multiplicity of narrow cart-tracks, used in peace only by wood-cutters. (It is a mineral region, and its tilderness, our army had cut loose from its original base north of the Rapidan. It had since established a new one at Fredericksburg, to which its wounded were sent, and where they were met by officers, nurses, and other employes of the Sanitary and , to tear up the Virginia Central railroad in his rear, which he did: crossing the Pamunkey at Aylett's, breaking the Fredericksburg road at Chesterfield station, and thence pushing over the North Anna by Chilesburg and Mount Pleasant, over the upper
issue of treasury notes (or greenbacks) commenced — the range was from 1 1/2 to 3 1/2 per cent.; but in June it mounted to 9 1/2; and in July (after McClellan's failure before Richmond) to 20 1/2 per cent. In August, it fell off-varying from 12 1/2 to 15 1/2; but in September it mounted to 24 1/2, and in October to 36 1/2 per cent. In November and December, it ranged between 29 1/2 and 33 3/4; but, in January, 1863--under the disheartening influence of Burnside's misfortunes at and near Fredericksburg — it went up to 60 per cent. Here are its highest and lowest rulings during the two following years of anxiety and doubt — of alternate hope and despair:  1863.1864.  Highest.Lowest.Highest.Lowest. January160133 1/2159 1/2151 1/2 February172 1/2152 1/4160 1/2157 1/2 March171139 1/2170159 1/2 April159 1/2146189164 May156143 1/2195167 1/2 June149 1/2140 1/2252167 July145 1/2133 1/2290229 August128 1/2122 1/2261231 September142 1/2127 1/2251 1/2185 October156 1/2142 1/2222 1
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