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General Joseph E. Johnston, Narrative of Military Operations During the Civil War, Chapter 2 (search)
xperience as we had, that there was no hope of reaching the field in time, but by the railroad. The troops were provided with rations for five days, before leaving Winchester. The rich neighborhood of Piedmont Station could have furnished food, if it had been needed. If any of them were without food at Piedmont, it must have been because they had thrown away their rations, then not unusual on a march. The President remained at Manassas Junction until nine or ten o'clock A. M., on the 23d, employed chiefly in matters of military organization. When I recommended to him General Beauregard's promotion to the grade of general in the Confederate army, he informed me that the nomination had already been written, or determined on. He also promoted Colonel Elzey, Lieutenant-Colonel S. Jones, and Major W. H. C. Whiting, to brigadiergeneralciess. He offered me the command in Western Virginia, subsequently conferred on General Lee, promising to increase the forces there adequately from
General Joseph E. Johnston, Narrative of Military Operations During the Civil War, Chapter 4 (search)
ll back to Mount Jackson, twenty-four miles, his adversary halting at Strasburg. General Jackson's report, showing these relative positions, made with his usual promptness, was received on the 19th, when I suggested to him that his distance from the Federal army was too great for the object in view. In the note acknowledging this, dispatched on the 21st, he wrote that he was about to move his headquarters to Woodstock, twelve miles from the enemy's camp; and at half-past 6 A. M., on the 23d, at Strasburg, he expressed the hope that he should be near Winchester that afternoon; and at ten o'clock that night he wrote, in his brief manner, that he attacked the Federal army at Kernstown at 4 P. M. and was repulsed by it at dusk. In his formal report, written on the 29th of April, he reported that his force on the field was three thousand and eighty-seven infantry, two hundred and ninety cavalry, and twenty-seven pieces of artillery. He estimated that of the enemy at eleven thousand
General Joseph E. Johnston, Narrative of Military Operations During the Civil War, Chapter 7 (search)
l Beauregard, and Ector's and McNair's, from General Bragg's army, joined me. Loring's division, separated from the army in the retreat, after the battle of Baker's Creek, reached Jackson on the 20th, and Maxey's brigade, from Port Hudson, on the 23d. On the 3d of June we had been reenforced, in addition to these, by Evans's brigade from South Carolina, and Breckenridge's division, and about two thousand cavalry from the Army of Tennessee. General Bragg's report. This body of cavalry was comnted on such as could be made in Canton. There was no want of provision and forage in the department, but they were still to be collected; and we had small means of collecting them, and none of transporting them with a moving army. On the 23d, a dispatch was received from Major. General Gardner, dated 21st, informing me that all the Federal forces that had been assembled at Baton Rouge were now before Port Hudson, and asking for reinforcements. In reply to this, I repeated my order t
General Joseph E. Johnston, Narrative of Military Operations During the Civil War, Chapter 7 (search)
the flag-ship of the United States squadron, an ironclad, carrying thirteen guns, was sunk by a torpedo. The garrison, commanded by the lieutenant-colonel of the Twenty-ninth North Carolina regiment, offered little, if any, resistance to the enemy's landforces. The Federal army remained only five or six days in Jackson, but in that short time it destroyed all of the town so closely built that fire could communicate from house to house; its rear-guard left the place, for Vicksburg, on the 23d. On that day the following telegram from General Cooper, dated 22d, reached me: In conformity with your expressed wish, you are relieved from the further command of the Department of Tennessee, which, as advised by you, is united to that of East Tennessee, so as to extend General Bragg's command over the department of General Buckner. On the 18th a dispatch, dated 17th, was received from General Bragg, in which he suggested the transfer of his troops to Mississippi, and an effort to d
General Joseph E. Johnston, Narrative of Military Operations During the Civil War, Chapter 9 (search)
of the troops, and the condition of the horses and mules of the army, were much .too favorable. That reply was as follows; Dalton, January 2, 1864. Mr. President: I have received the letter which you did me the honor to write to me on the 23d ultimo. Having been here but six days, during four of which it rained heavily, I have not been able to observe the condition of the army. I judge, however, from the language of the general officers, that it has not entirely recovered its confiden on the 20th, and the retrograde movement to Vicksburg began on the 21st. In consequence of this, Hardee's troops ( the reinforcements referred to above), only the foremost of which had reached the Tombigbee, were recalled by the President on the 23d, before General Thomas's designs had been discovered. It is incredible that the skirmishing about Mill-Creek Gap on the 25th and 26th of February could have been intended to cause the recalling of Hardee's troops, for they had been on their way b
General Joseph E. Johnston, Narrative of Military Operations During the Civil War, Chapter 11 (search)
; and, on the 24th, after defeating the troops guarding a large supply-train, near Cassville, he brought off seventy loaded wagons, with their teams, three hundred equipped horses and mules, and a hundred and eighty-two prisoners, having burned a much greater number of wagons, with their loads, than were brought away. In the mean time Jackson had given information of General Sherman's march toward the bridges near Stilesboroa, and of the crossing of the leading Federal troops there on the 23d. In consequence of this intelligence, Lieutenant-General Hardee was ordered to march that afternoon, by New Hope Church, to the road leading from Stilesboroa, through Dallas, to Atlanta; and Lieutenant-General Polk to move to the same road, by a route farther to the left. Lieutenant-General Hood was instructed to follow Hardee on the 24th. Hardee's corps reached the point designated to him that afternoon; Polk's was within four or five miles of it to the east, and Hood's within four miles
General Joseph E. Johnston, Narrative of Military Operations During the Civil War, Chapter 12 (search)
the conference. armistice and convention agreed on. the latter represented by Washington authorities. military convention. farewell order to the Confederate troops. I was residing in Lincolnton, North Carolina, in February, 1865, and on the 23d of the month received, by telegraph, instructions from the Administration to report for orders to General Lee, recently appointed general-in-chief. A dispatch from General Lee, in anticipation of such a report from me, was received on the same dants in a part of the fighting on the 19th, all of that of the 20th, and most of that on the 21st, it must have exceeded ours very much. From the appearance of the field, and the language of Federals, it largely exceeded four thousand. On the 23d, Major-General Sherman united his own army and that of Major-General Schofield at Goldsboroa. It was uncertain whether his march to Virginia would be through Raleigh, or by the most direct route, that through Weldon. So the Confederate army was