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General Joseph E. Johnston, Narrative of Military Operations During the Civil War, Chapter 6 (search)
out serious fighting during the remainder of the day. General Bragg was employed all the afternoon in sending his trains to the rear, and in other preparations to retire. The army was put in motion about mid. night, and marched quietly across Duck River, Polk's corps halting opposite to Shelbyville, and Hardee's at Tullahoma. General Bragg estimates his force at thirty thousand infantry and artillery, and five thousand cavalry, and his loss at more than ten thousand, including twelve hundrderal garrison of that place, but repulsed the assailants, taking twenty-two hundred prisoners. Four or five days after this, however, this division was driven back to Columbia by the same troops largely reinforced; it escaped with difficulty, Duck River being considerably swollen. As there were no indications of intention on the part of the Federal commander in Tennessee to take the offensive soon, and my presence seemed to me more proper in Mississippi than in Tennessee, I left Chattanoog
General Joseph E. Johnston, Narrative of Military Operations During the Civil War, Chapter 14 (search)
the first of June, or than that against us in Mississippi in December, 1862, or in Middle Tennessee in 1863. Yet General Lee was justly sustained by the Administration and people for postponing his attack upon McClellan four weeks, that he might make it with a force adequate to win; and Lieutenant-General Pemberton's course was approved when he refused Grant's gage of battle, and retired from the Tallahatchie; and General Bragg's when he refused Rosecrans's gage of battle in the valley of Duck River, and retreated rapidly across the Cumberland Mountains and Tennessee River. After the battle of Williamsburg the Federal army did not approach us; although our march thence to the Baltimore cross-roads, thirty-seven miles, occupied five days and we remained there five more. We waited for the enemy in that position because it was a good one--the first we had found not liable to be turned by water, while it was accessible by railroad from Richmond. We halted there not only without the
General Joseph E. Johnston, Narrative of Military Operations During the Civil War, Letters. (search)
al Pemberton, Vicksburg: Please have a message sent across the river to learn if there are any movements from Arkansas connected with ours. J. E. Johnston, General. Jackson, Mississippi, January 7, 1863. To the President, Richmond: The following dispatch was received from General M. L. Smith: I am returning from Little Rock. No troops will be sent. J. E. Johnston, General. Jackson, January 18, 1863. To the President, Richmond: I am much relieved to find our troops are on the Duck River. Not at Deckered. J. E. Johnston, General. Jackson, January 9, 1863. To the President, Richmond, Virginia: Colonel Ewell informs me, from Chattanooga, that on the 31st General Bragg had thirty-five thousand, including Wharton's cavalry. Lost nine thousand-three thousand sick since from exposure. We have not force enough here if the enemy is vigorous. Prisoners tell General Bragg of Federal reenforcements from West Tennessee. J. E Johnston, General. Jackson, January 11, 1863
General Joseph E. Johnston, Narrative of Military Operations During the Civil War, Memorandum for Major-General S. D. Lee. (search)
nty-five hundred of the best troops of Chalmers's, Ferguson's, and Ross's brigades, with Owens's battery, for the expedition into Middle Tennessee, for which, at Oxford on the 29th ult., you were desired to prepare, to break the railroad in rear of Rosecrans's army. It is important to move as soon as possible-and by the route least likely to meet the enemy — to the points on the railroad where most injury can be done with the least exposure of our troops. The bridges over the branches of Duck River and of the Elk are suggested. As the fords of the Tennessee are in and above the Muscle Shoals, it would be well to move toward Tuscumbia first, and, in crossing the river and moving forward, to ascertain as many routes as possible by which to return. Fayetteville would be a point in the route to the part of the railroad between Elk and Duck Rivers. General Bragg is informed of your intended movement, and has been requested to put Brigadier-General Roddy under your command.