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reat effect either with the armies of Sherman or himself. He probably thought that an army of one hundred and twenty thousand men was large enough for his purposes, but he found it was a mistake. Equally fallacious with the importance given to strategic points was that ascribed to the occupation of territory. The control of Kentucky and Tennessee was given by Grant's Fort Donelson campaign, but the injury inflicted on the Confederate army by the large capture of men at Donelson and Island Number10 was the real and vital result. The control of territory that was not accompanied by the defeat of the foe often had many disadvantages. Such was the experience of Grant and Sherman, the former in his first advance on Vicksburg, and the latter in the Atlanta campaign. For the South it was an easier task to decide upon an objective because it was the weaker side and its acts were determined by those of the stronger. The main idea of the strategy of the Southern generals was to diver
For the capture of Fort Donelson Grant was made major-general. The first step to the conquest of the Mississippi had been achieved. In October, 1862, the river fleet was transferred from the Army to the Navy Department, and as there was another vessel in the service, bearing the same name the St. Louis was renamed the Baron de Kalb. At Fort Henry, she went into action lashed to the Carondelet on account of the narrowness of the stream; and later again, the gallant gunboat won laurels at Island No.10, Fort Pillow, Memphis, and Vicksburg. The Flag-ship St. Louis viewed from astern The Louisville — a fighter at port. riven with the shrieks of their wounded comrades, upon whom the flames crept and smothered and charred where they lay. Thus ended the 13th of February. That night the river gunboats, six in number, four of them ironclads, under the command of Andrew H. Foote, arrived. Grant had sent them down the Tennessee to the Ohio and up the Cumberland, to support his army
New Madrid--Island no.10--New Orleans Henry W. Elson Cairo in 1862-on the extreme rightake his vessel by the dreaded batteries on Island No.10. In the pilot-house he directed the daringevent which convinced the Confederates that Island No.10 must be evacuated. That very night, encourCook's troops cut off in their retreat from Island No.10, were also compelled to surrender. The darg one hundred and thirty of his big guns to Island No.10, and rolling the remainder down the one hun The Flag-ship of the Confederate Fleet at Island No.10.--Below the dreaded battery at Island No.10let accomplished her daring feat of passing Island No.10 on the night of April 4th, creeping stealthving come within range of the heavy guns of Island No.10. But the ironclad gunboats — what could oats to run the gantlet of the batteries of Island No.10. But Foote thought it impossible, in the fAt Fort Donelson she was Foote's flagship. Island No.10, Fort Pillow, Memphis — at all these places[10 more...]<
ry; it had made possible the taking of Fort Donelson, with its vast equipment and fourteen thousand men; it had secured to General Pope's army the surrender of Island No.10--all within the eight weeks. But there were more strongholds to conquer and the heaviest battle was still in the future. Fort Pillow with its frowning cannon er was Memphis. Fort Pillow, and Fort Randolph, just below, must now be attacked in order to open the river to Vicksburg. A few days after the surrender of Island No.10, the gunboat fleet turned toward Fort Pillow. About this time General Pope was called with most of his army to Shiloh and Corinth, as Beauregard had been befoh afloat and ashore, and threatened to kill off more of them than could possibly be done by the men who strove with them for the possession of the river. When Island no.10 was abandoned by the Confederates, they sank a gunboat and six transports, which they were compelled to leave behind. General Pope soon had the transports rai
The Photographic History of The Civil War: in ten volumes, Thousands of Scenes Photographed 1861-65, with Text by many Special Authorities, Volume 1: The Opening Battles. (ed. Francis Trevelyan Miller), Engagements of the Civil War with losses on both sides December, 1860-August, 1862 (search)
J. Hardee; Reserve Corps, Brig.-Gen. John C. Breckinridge; Forrest's, Wharton's and Clanton's Cavalry. Losses: Union 1,754 killed, 8,408 wounded, 2,885 captured. Confed. 1,728 killed, 8,012 wounded, 959 captured. Union Brig.-Gen. W. T. Sherman and W. H. L. Wallace wounded and B. M. Prentiss captured. Confed. Gen. A. S. Johnston and Brig.-Gen. A. H. Gladden killed; Maj.-Gen. W. S. Cheatham and Brig.-Gens. C. Clark, B. R. Johnson, and J. S. Bowen wounded. April 7-8, 1862: Island no.10, Tenn., captured. Union, Maj.-Gen. Pope's command and the Navy, under Flag-officer Foote. Confed., Brigade of Infantry and Battalion Art., commanded by Gen. J. P. McCown, 7 gunboats, under Flag-officer Hollins. Losses: Union 17 killed, 34 wounded, 3 missing. Confed. 30 killed and wounded. Captured, 2,000 to 5,000 (Union and Confed. estimates). April 10-11, 1862: Ft. Pulaski, Ga., siege and capture. Union, 6th and 7th Conn., 3d R. I., 46th and 48th N. Y., 8th Maine,