Map: important Battlegrounds of the Civil War. Actual battlefields are indicated by stars.
Preparing for war — a Confederate photograph of 1861
Florida opens the grim game of war. On a sandy point at the entrance to Pensacola Bay over two hundred years ago, the Spaniards who so long held possession of what is now the Gulf coast of the United States had built a fort.
On its site the United States Government had erected a strong fortification called Fort Barrancas.
Between this point and a low-lying sandy island directly opposite, any vessels going up to Pensacola must pass.
On the western end of this island was the strongly built Fort Pickens.
Early in 1861 both forts were practically ungarrisoned.
This remarkable picture, taken by the New Orleans photographer Edwards, in February, 1861, belongs to a series hitherto unpublished.
Out of the deep shadows of the sally port we look into the glaring sunlight upon one of the earliest warlike moves.