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led him. When I made some views (with the only apparatus then known, the wet plate ), there came a large realization of some of the immense Digging under fire at Dutch Gap-1864 Here for a moment the Engineering corps of General Benjamin F. Butler's army paused while the camera of the army photographer was focussed upon it. In August, 1864, Butler, with his army then bottled up in Bermuda Hundred, began to dig a canal at Dutch Gap to save a circuit of six miles in the bend of the James River and thus avoid the batteries, torpedoes, and obstructions which the Confederates had placed to prevent the passage of the Federal fleet up the river toward Richmond. The difficulties of this engineering feat are here seen plainly in the photograph. It took Butler's men all the rest of the year (1864) to cut through this canal, exposed as they were to the fire of the Confederate batteries above. One of the last acts of General Butler was an unsuccessful effort to blow up the dam at the
tes Army A central strategical point — the approach to Richmond via James River, as it looked in war-time, blocked by the Confederate Ram Virginia, and gunbowing for another view of this scene) Obstructions rendered useless: James River, Virginia, near Drewry's Bluff.--1862 The superior navy of the Federals at thee of the army was the approach of the powerful Monitor and the Galena up the James River, and the first thought of the Confederates was to hold this danger in abeyan Hence the obstructions (shown on the opposite page) sunk in the bend of the James River near Drewry's Bluff, where a powerful battery known as Fort Darling was hastr water routes were available by the Mississippi, Tennessee, Cumberland, and James rivers. The advantage of the water route over that by rail was at once utilized byf a peculiar military situation A remarkable panoramic view of a scene on James River taken in 1865, fifteen miles from Richmond. Farrar's Island is a point of l
Yorktown: up the Peninsula Henry W. Elson Guns marked Gen. Magruder, Yorktown in the positions where they defied McClellan's army a month The superfluous siege The Mortar Battery that Never Fired a Shot. By his much heralded Peninsula Campaign, McClellan had planned to end the war in a few days. He landed with his Army of the Potomac at Fortress Monroe, in April, 1862, intending to sweep up the peninsula between the York and James rivers, seize Richmond at one stroke, and scatter the routed Confederate army into the Southwest. At Yorktown, he was opposed by a line of fortifications that sheltered a force much inferior in strength to his own. For a whole month McClellan devoted all the energies of his entire army to a systematic siege. Its useless elaboration is well illustrated by Battery No. 4, one of fifteen batteries planted to the south and southeast of Yorktown. The ten monster 13-inch siege mortars, the complement of No. 4, had just been placed in positio
the war, through the ill-advised and hasty abandonment of Norfolk Navy Yard by the Federals. Many of these guns did service at Yorktown and subsequently on the James River against the Union. The Confederate command of the river. (Battery Magruder, Yorktown.) Looking north up the river, four of the five 8-inch Columbiads compn of General R. E. Lee, looked east over the river, which flows south at this point. It was burned in June, 1862, when the Federal army base was changed to the James River by order of General McClellan. The Fort that stopped a panic In May, 1862, the news spread throughout Richmond that a Federal fleet of ironclads, led by the dread Monitor, was advancing up the James River. Panic at once seized upon the Confederate capital. The Government archives were shipped to Columbia, South Carolina, and every preparation was made to evacuate the city should the expedition against it succeed in passing up the James. Meanwhile the Confederate forces were work
30th had made the movement of artillery extremely difficult, and McClellan waited to complete the bridges and build entrenchments before advancing. This delay gave the Confederates time to reorganize their forces and place them under the new commander, Robert E. Lee, who while McClellan lay inactive effected a junction with Stonewall Jackson. Then during the Seven Days Battles Lee steadily drove McClellan from his position, within four or five miles of Richmond, to a new position on the James River. From this secure and advantageous water base McClellan planned a new line of advance upon the Confederate Capital. In the smaller picture we see the interior of the works at Fair Oaks Station, which were named Fort Sumner in honor of the General who brought up his Second Corps and saved the day. The Camp of the Second Corps is seen beyond the fortifications to the right. Aiming the guns at Fair Oaks. Fort Sumner, near Fair Oaks posted themselves in this forest and were waiting
pe from the ceaseless Confederate assaults to a point on James River where the resistless fire of the gunboats might protect ain change his plans, and the army base was moved to the James River. The Richmond and York Railroad was lit up by burning cpassed over White Oak Swamp and then moved on toward the James River. Lee did not at first divine McClellan's intention. Heoners at anchor — this time at Harrison's Landing on the James River. In about a month, McClellan had changed the position ore deep ravines falling abruptly in the direction of the James River; on the north and east is a gentle slope to the plain be convinced of the impracticability of operating from the James River as a base, orders were issued by General Halleck for thethat McClellan should not have been allowed to reach the James River with his army intact. That army, Eggleston states, spher than weakened in morale, lay securely at rest on the James River, within easy striking distance of Richmond. There was n
The Photographic History of The Civil War: in ten volumes, Thousands of Scenes Photographed 1861-65, with Text by many Special Authorities, Volume 1: The Opening Battles. (ed. Francis Trevelyan Miller), Engagements of the Civil War with losses on both sides December, 1860-August, 1862 (search)
1 wounded. May 10, 1862: Norfolk and Portsmouth, Va. Occupied by Union forces under Gen. Wool. May 11, 1862: Confederate Ram Virginia destroyed in Hampton Roads by her commander, to prevent capture. May 15, 1862: Fort Darling, James River, Va. Union, Gunboats Galena, Port Royal, Naugatuck, Monitor, and Aroostook. Confed. Garrison in Fort Darling. Losses: Union 12 killed, 14 wounded. Confed. 7 killed, 8 wounded. May 15, 1862: Chalk bluffs, Mo. Union, 1st Wis. CMiss. U. S. Fleet, under command of Commodore Farragut, passed the Confederate land batteries, under the cover of bombardment by Commodore Porter's fleet of mortar boats. June 2, 1862 to July 1, 1862: the Seven days Battles, in front of Richmond, Va., including engagements known as Mechanicsville or Ellerson's Mills on the 26th, Gaines' Mills or Cold Harbor on the 27th, Garnett's and Golding's farms on the 28th, Peach Orchard and Savage Station on the 29th, White Oak Swamp, also called Ch