New Orleans — the entering wedge where the Navy helped the Army James Barnes
The capture of Forts Jackson and St. Philip and the surrender of New Orleans was the first great blow that the Confederacy received from the south.
Coming but two months after the fall of Fort Donelson, it was the thunderous stroke on the wedge that started the ensuing separation of the seceding States into two halves.
It was the action that shortened the war by months, if not by years; and though performed by the navy alone, its vital connection with the operations of the army in the West and along the great highway of the Mississippi was paramount.
The military history of the war could not be written without touching upon it. The inborn genius of President Lincoln was never more clearly shown than when, on November 12, 1861, he ordered a naval expedition to be fitted out for the capture of New Orleans, the real key to the Mississippi; and never was clearer judgment proved than by the appointment o
iana, Seymour, Hetzel, Shawseen, Valley City, Putnam, Commodore Perry, Ceres, Morse, Whitehead, and Brinker.
Confed., Mosquito fleet commanded by Commodore W. F. Lynch, and comprising the vessels engaged at Roanoke Island on the 8th, except the Curlew.
Union 3 killed.
February 13, 1862: Bloomery Gap, Va.
Union, Gen. Lander's Brigade.
Confed., 31st, 67th, 89th Va.
Union 11 killed, 5 wounded.
Confed. 13 killed, 65 missing.
February 14-16, 1862: Fort Donelson, or Dover, Tenn.
Union, Gunboats Carondelet, Pittsburgh, Louisville, St. Louis, Tyler, and Conestoga, 17th and 25th Ky., 11th, 25th, 31st, and 44th Ind., 2d, 7th, 12th and 14th Iowa, 1st Neb., 58th and 76th Ohio, 8th and 13th Mo., 8th Wis., 8th, 9th, 11th, 12th, 17th, 18th, 20th, 28th, 29th, 30th, 31st, 41st, 45th, 46th, 48th, 49th, 57th, and 58th Ill., Batteries B and D 1st Ill.
Capture of Confederate ports.
The Capture of the Confederate forts at Port Royal, South Carolina