se, though this youthful romance ended in the disillusion which often attends such experiences.
And it was this man, whose personal characteristics were all so unlike those distinguishing the remorseless conqueror, slaughtering men for glory's sake, who was selected from among the heroes of our great domestic strife for the appellation of butcher.
No one of them less deserved this title, for none of them accomplished as great results with a less proportionate loss of life.
The repulse of Lee at Gettysburg, in 1863, was obtained at a cost of 23,000 casualties—3155 killed, 14,529 wounded, 5365 missing—and at the end Lee marched with his army from the field of battle.
The more complete victory at Vicksburg, with the surrender of Pemberton's entire army of 30,000 men, was obtained by Grant with a casualty list of only 9362, including about 450 missing.
Heavy as were the losses during the year which preceded the surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia, they were less than the a
eneral in the Confederate States Army are shown here, excepting Robert E. Lee, whose portrait has already appeared in this volume, and Albertook command of the Army of Northern Virginia.
On June 1st, General Robert E. Lee assumed command.
In April, the forces on the Peninsula had of the Virginia Peninsula in 1861.
William Wing Loring, with Robert E. Lee in West Virginia in 1861.
Samuel Jones, commander Florida, Gon led a brigade under Bragg.
Joseph R. Davis led a brigade in R. E. Lee's Army.
Wirt Adams, a conspicuous Cavalry commander. the Armorn at Arlington, Virginia, May 31, 1837, the second son of General Robert E. Lee.
For two years he served as second lieutenant with the Sixoe, Virginia, September 16, 1832, and was the eldest son of General Robert E. Lee.
Upon graduation from the United States Military Academy hia Military Institute, and in 1871 he succeeded his father,—General Robert E. Lee,—as president of the Washington & Lee University.
st interpretation of the Confederate records below.
As for the body of this History it has been thought best to employ the titles most commonly used, and found in the popular reference works.
The highest rank attained is given in every case together with the date of the commission conferring such rank.
Beauregard, P. G. T., July 21, 1861.
Bragg, Braxton, April 6, 1862.
Cooper, Samuel, May 16, 1861.
Johnston, A. S., May 30, 1861.
Johnston, J. E., July 4, 1861.
Lee, Robert E., June 14, 1861.
General, provisional army
Smith, E. Kirby, Feb. 19, 1864.
Generals, provisional army (with temporary rank)
Hood, John B., July 18, 1864.
Lieutenant-generals, provisional army
Buckner, S. B., Sept. 20, 1864.
Ewell, Richard S., May 23, 1863.
Forrest, N. B., Feb. 28, 1865.
Hampton, Wade, Feb. 14, 1865.
Hardee, Wm. J., Oct. 10, 1862.
Hill, Ambrose P., May 24, 1863.
Hill, Daniel H., July 11, 1863.
Holmes, T. H., Oct. 13, 1862.
Jackson, T. J., Oct. 10, 18