to withdraw from union with the others was practically exemplified, and that the idea of coercion of a state, or compulsory measures, was distinctly excluded under any construction that can be put upon the action of the convention.
To the original copy of the Constitution, as set forth by its framers for the consideration and final action of the people of the states, were attached the following words:
Done in Convention, by the unanimous consent of the States present, the seventeenth day of September, in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and eighty-seven, and of the Independence of the United States of America, the twelfth.
In witness whereof, we have hereunto subscribed our names.
[Followed by the signatures of George Washington, President, and deputy from Virginia, and the other delegates who signed it.]
This attachment to the instrument—a mere attestation of its authenticity, and of the fact that it had the unanimous consent of all the states then pres
nderstand the Constitution, in any of its features, as compromising the sovereignty, freedom, and independence which she had so especialy cherished.
The ratification of their convention is expressed in these words:
We, the deputies of the people of the Delaware State, in convention met, having taken into our serious consideration the Federal Constitution proposed and agreed upon by the deputies of the United States at a General Convention held at the city of Philadelphia on the 17th day of September, A. D. 1787, have approved of, assented to, and ratified and confirmed, and by these presents do, in virtue of the powers and authority to us given for that purpose, for and in behalf of ourselves and our constituents, fully, freely, and entirely, approve of, assent to, ratify, and confirm the said Constitution.
Done in convention at Dover, December 7, 1787.
This, and twelve other like acts, gave to the Constitution all the life and validity it ever had, or could have, as to t