The author enters the cabinet
Administration of the war Department
surveys for a Pacific railway
extension of the Capitol
New regiments organized
Colonel Samuel Cooper, Adjutant General
a Bit of civil service Reform
Reelection to the Senate
Continuity of the Pierce cabinet
character of Franklin Pierce.
Happy in the from civil life.
In making the selections from the Army I was continually indebted to the assistance of that pure-minded and accurately informed officer, Colonel Samuel Cooper, the Adjutant General, of whom it may be proper here to say that, although his life had been spent in the army, and he, of course, had the likes and dislikjudice toward any one.
When the first list was made out, to be submitted to the President, a difficulty was found to exist which had not occurred either to Colonel Cooper or myself.
This was that the officers selected purely on their military record did not constitute a roster conforming to that distribution among the differen
uth that all governments rest on the consent of the governed, decided to withdraw from the union they had voluntarily entered, and the Northern states resolved to coerce them to remain in it against their will.
These officers were—first, Samuel Cooper, a native of New York, a graduate of the United States Military Academy in 1815, and who served continuously in the army until March 7, 1861, with such distinction as secured to him the appointment of adjutant general of the United States army. Sfor him in 1847 brevets of three grades above his corps commission.
He resigned from the army of the United States April 25, 1861, upon the secession of Virginia, in whose army he served until it was transferred to the Confederate States.
Samuel Cooper was the first of these to offer his services to the Confederacy at Montgomery.
Having known him most favorably and intimately as adjutant general of the United States army when I was Secretary of War, the value of his services in the organiz
pt assurances of the readiness with which the freest exercise of discretion on your part will be sustained.
Very respectfully, your obedient servant, (Signed) S. Cooper, Adjutant and Inspector-General.
The earliest combat in this quarter, which, in the inexperience of the time, was regarded as a great battle, may claim a pamovement, sending your sick and baggage to Culpepper Court-House, either by railroad or by Warrenton.
In all the arrangements exercise your discretion. (Signed) S. Cooper. Adjutant and Inspector-General.
The confidence reposed in General Johnston, sufficiently evinced by the important command entrusted to him, was more than ewn, twenty-three miles to the east of Winchester.
Unless he prevents it, we shall move toward General Beauregard to-day. . . . (Signed) Joseph E. Johnston. General S. Cooper.
After General Johnston commenced his march to Manassas, he sent to me a telegram, the substance of which, as my memory serves and the reply indicates,
ve blow, a junction of all your effective force will be needed.
If practicable, make the movement, sending your sick and baggage to Culpepper Court-House, either by railroad or by Warrenton.
In all the arrangements, exercise your discretion. S. Cooper, Adjutant and Inspector-General.
The word after is not found in the dispatch before the words sending your sick, as is stated in the report; so that the argument based on it requires no comment.
The order to move if practicable had referes suppressed by the Congress has, since the war, found its way into the press, but the endorsement which belonged to it has not been published.
As part of the history of the time, I will here present both in their proper connection:
General S. Cooper, Adjutant and Inspector-General, Richmond, Virginia.
Before entering upon a narration of the general military operations in the presence of the enemy on July 21st, I propose—I hope not unreasonably—first to recite certain events which be
her portions of the frontier—Acquia district, for instance—make it inexpedient, in my opinion, to transfer to the Valley district so large a force as that asked for by Major-General Jackson.
It seems to me to be now of especial importance to strengthen Major-General Holmes, near Acquia Creek.
The force there is very small, compared with the importance of the position.
Your obedient servant, J. E. Johnston, General.
Respectfully submitted to the Secretary of War: S. Cooper, Adjutant and Inspector-General. November 25, 1861.
Richmond, Virginia, November 10, 1861. General J. E. Johnston, Manassas, Virginia.
Sir: The Secretary of War has this morning laid before me yours of the 8th instant.
I fully sympathize with your anxiety for the Army of the Potomac.
If indeed mine be less than yours, it can only be so because the south, the west, and the east, presenting like cause for solicitude, have in the same manner demanded my care.
Our correspondence must h
Use of term United States, 109.
Use of term State, 110-14.
Provision for ratification, 112.
Compact between states, 115-19.
Use of new vocabulary, 116-119.
Sovereignty invested in people, 121. Tenth amendment, 124-132, 165.
Power of amendment, 166-68.
Constitutional convention, 1787 (See Philadelphia Constitutional convention).
Constitutional-Union party (See Whig party).
Continental Congress, 1st, 99, 100.
Expressions quoted, 100-01.
Cooper, Samuel, 21, 308, 392-93. Resignation from U. S. Army, 267.
Attachment to Confederate army, 267.
Instructions to Gen. J. E. Johnston, 296.
Telegram to Gen. J. E. Johnston, 300.
Cox, General, 372, 375.
Coxe, Tench, 109.
Crawford, Martin J., 239, 243. Commissioner from Confederacy to Lincoln, 212-228, 229, 230.
Extract from manuscript on events transpiring in Washington, 229.
Crittenden, J. C., 52, 58, 216.
Crozet, Colonel, 387.
Cushing, Caleb, 43. Speech introducing Davi