bject for which they were sent by their States, and what their States expected from them.
In his account of the second party above described Martin refers to those representatives of the larger states who wished to establish a numerical basis of representation in the Congress, instead of the equal representation of the states (whether large or small) which existed under the Articles of Confederation.
There was naturally much dissatisfaction on the part of the greater states—Virginia, Pennsylvania, North Carolina, and Massachusetts—whose population at that period exceeded that of all the others combined, but which, in the Congress, constituted less than one third of the voting strength.
On the other hand, the smaller states were tenacious of their equality in the Union.
Of the very smallest, one, as we have seen, had sent no representatives to the convention, and the other had instructed her delegates, unconditionally, to insist upon the maintenance of absolute equality in the Co