up to the immediate vicinity of three corps of the Confederate army.
Of the movement from Monterey to the battle-field, Bragg says:
Moving from there, the command bivouacked for the night near the Meckey House, immediately in rear of Major-General Hardee's corps, Major-General Polk's being just in our rear * * * A reconnoissance in some force from the enemy made its appearance during the evening in front of General Hardee's corps, and was promptly driven back.
The following extracts fGeneral Hardee's corps, and was promptly driven back.
The following extracts from various official reports of the battle, bear pointedly upon the question of a surprise.
General John McArthur, commanding Second Division, says:
We had been in line but a few moments when the enemy made their appearance and attacked my left wing.
Colonel R. P. Buckland, Fourth Brigade, Sherman's division, says:
Between six and seven o'clock on Sunday morning, I was informed that our pickets were fired upon.
I immediately gave orders for forming the brigade on the color line,
the enemy will concentrate to give him battle.
You must be there to help him.
Sptember 15th.—From information received here to-day it is very probable that three divisions of Lee's army have been sent to reenforce Bragg.
It is important that all the troops in your department be brought to the front with all possible dispatch, so as to help General Rosecrans.
September 18th.—* * * * A part, at least, of Longstreet's corps is going to Atlanta.
It is believed that Bragg, Johnston, and Hardee, with the exchanged prisoners from Vicksburg and Port Hudson are concentrating against Rosecrans.
You must give him all the aid in your power.
September 9th, Major-General Burnside, Knoxville.
General Rosecrans is on the Chickamauga River, twenty miles south of Chattanooga.
He is expecting a battle, and wants you to sustain his left.
Every possible effort must be made to assist him.
September 19th.—General Meade is very confident that another part of Ewell's corps has gone to<
unced the investment of Savannah garrisoned by Hardee with a force supposed to be fifteen thousand.
d leading into South Carolina, and I knew that Hardee would have a pontoon bridge across the river. Grant in reference to this incredulousness of Hardee, as follows:
In relation to Savannah, you , and hold it-at some risk, of course, because Hardee could avail himself of his central position toeach this road; but there would be risk, since Hardee with fifteeen thousand men could leave Savannaember 21, and was then in our possession.
General Hardee had crossed the Savannah River by a pontooof four corps, and either corps stronger than Hardee's entire army, his desire would appear to havent force to the South Carolina shore, to close Hardee's only line of escape:
General Slocum had l.
II, page 218):
I was disappointed that Hardee had escaped with his army, but on the whole we he wrote:
I felt somewhat disappointed at Hardee's escape from me, but really am not to blame.
eral Sherman that much of this trouble came to General Thomas through the misrepresentations he himself had made to General Grant of Thomas' force, in the dispatch of November 1st, and others of a similar purport.
After narrating the demand on Hardee to surrender Savannah, his refusal and subsequent escape, and the occupation of the city, General Sherman again recurs to Thomas before Nashville, and in more generous terms:
Meantime, on the 15th and 16th of December, were fought, in front o far outnumbering him at every point, to collect enough fragments to give battle, finally accomplishing the task, and achieving victory.
In the other picture, Sherman, with sixty-two thousand selected men, thoroughly armed and equipped, marches down to the sea unopposed, summons Hardee's ten thousand to surrender, who first refuse, and three days thereafter escape.
And yet General Sherman was especially gratified with the conceit that each part of his army was duly proportioned to its work.
ct is utterly unfounded, will now be made to appear.
Secretary Stanton's first dispatch, upon learning of the capture of Savannah, related to the care of this cotton, and a copy of it was immediately sent to General Sherman and its receipt acknowledged by him. It was as follows:
War Department, Washington, December 26, 1864. Lieutenant-General Grant, City Point.
I wish you a merry Christmas if not too late, and thank you for the Savannah news.
It is a sore disappointment that Hardee was able to get off his fifteen thousand from Sherman's sixty thousand.
It looks like protracting the war while their armies continue to escape.
I hope you will give immediate instructions to seize and hold the cotton.
All sorts of schemes will be got up to hold it under sham titles of British and other private claimants.
They should all be disregarded; and it ought not to be turned over to any Treasury agent, but held by the military authorities until a special order of the department i
s, and the direction of the march was across them all. In front was Hardee with a force which might be formidable in contending the passage ofront, estimating them at the maximum, twenty-five thousand men, and Hardee's, Wheeler's, and Hampton's forces at fifteen thousand, made forty , four thousand; Cheatham's, five thousand; Hope's, eight thousand; Hardee's, ten thousand; and other detachments, ten thousand; with Hampton'eelers, and Butler's cavalry, about eight thousand.
Of these, only Hardee and the cavalry were immediately in our front, while the bulk of Joand supposed it to indicate about the same measure of opposition by Hardee's troops and Hampton's cavalry, before experienced.
But, during thh [probably a misprint for Thursday the 16th], General Slocum found Hardee's army from Charleston, which had retreated before us from Cheraw, he night before marched his whole army (Bragg, Cheatham, S. D. Lee, Hardee, and all the troops he had drawn from every quarter), determined, a
better prepared for a long chase.
Neither Mr. Breckinridge nor General Johnston wrote one word of that paper.
I wrote it myself, and announced it as the best I could do, and they readily assented.
General Johnston, in his Narrative, gives the following account of the consultation held at President Davis' quarters at Charlotte, after the news of Lee's surrender was received:
In a telegram dated Greensboro, 4:30 P. M., the President directed me to leave the troops under Lieutenant-General Hardee's command, and report to him there.
Taking the first train, about midnight, I reached Greensboro about eight o'clock in the morning on the 12th, and was General Beauregard's guest.
His quarters were a burden car, near, and in sight of those of the President.
The General and myself were summoned to the President's office in an hour or two, and found Messrs. Benjamin, Mallory, and Reagan with him. We had supposed that we were to be questioned concerning the military resources of
nt had planned the campaign through to Mobile in the previous January, notified Halleck of it on the 15th of that month, Thomas on the 19th, and that in February Thomas was arranging the details of the move as far as Atlanta.
The records show further, that on the 10th of September Grant suggested a move from Atlanta on Augusta or Savannah, instead of Mobile, since the control of the latter had passed into the hands of the Union forces.
Concerning Savannah, the records reveal an escape of Hardee with ten thousand, from Sherman's sixty thousand, without disclosing even a plausible excuse.
Here the Memoirs show Sherman looking back to Nashville, from whence alone, through defeat of Hood, could come a success that should vindicate his March to the Sea, and finding fault with Thomas, who, though crippled in all ways by Sherman, was through superhuman efforts there, saving him from the jeers of the Nation.
In treating of Savannah, he also attacks Mr. Stanton for carelessness in conne