seven thousand strong— that of General Drayton—was not known to be in the Army of Virginia until after the seven days, and that another brigade, of which General Johnston admitted he did not know the strength, Colonel Marshall thought it safer to refer to as the unknown brigade, which, he suggests, may have been a small command under General Evans, of South Carolina, who did not join the army until after it moved from Richmond.
General Holmes's report, made July 15, 1862, states that on June 29th he brought his command to the north side of the James River, and was joined by General Wise's brigade.
With this addition, his force amounted to 6,000 infantry and six batteries of artillery.
General Ransom's brigade had been transferred from the division of General Holmes to that of General Huger a short time before General Holmes was ordered to join General Lee.
The brigade of General Branch had been detached at an earlier period; it was on duty near Hanover Junction, and under the co
Johnston manifested a clear perception, for on May 25th he sent Pemberton the following message:
Bragg is sending a division; when it comes, I will move to you.
After all the troops which could be drawn from other points had been sent to him, it was suggested that he might defeat the force investing Port Hudson, and unite the garrison with his troops at Jackson, but he replied:
We can not relieve Port Hudson without giving up Jackson, by which we should lose Mississippi.
On June 29th General Johnston reports that—
Field transportation and other supplies having been obtained, the army marched toward the Big Black, and on the evening of July 1st encamped between Brownsville and the river.
The 2d and 3d of July were spent in reconnaissance, from which the conclusion was reached that an attack on the north side of the railroad was impracticable, and examinations were commenced on the south side of the railroad.
On the 3d a messenger was sent to General Pemberton t
d of the principles of civil liberty a military control was established in every Northern state, the declarations of rights in their constitutions were violated, their laws nullified, and the authority of their governments subverted by an absolute and direct usurpation on the part of the government of the United States.
The country was filled with horror during 1865 by two trials held before a military commission in the city of Washington.
The first commenced on May 13th, and ended on June 29th.
The specification was—
That David E. Harold, Edward Spangler, Lewis Payne, John H. Surratt, Michael O'Loughlin, Samuel Arnold, George A. Atzerott, Samuel A. Mudd, and Mary E. Surratt, did on April 15, 1865, combine, confederate, and conspire together to murder President Abraham Lincoln, Vice-President Andrew Johnson, Lieutenant-General U. S. Grant, and Secretary of State William H. Seward.
President Lincoln had been shot, and Secretary Seward was badly wounded with a knife.