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ered for attack. It fell out, however, that the enemy did move before morning, and that the fact of the works' having been evacuated was first learned by an officer on the north side of the river, who, the next morning (the 29th), about sunrise, was examining their works by the aid of a field glass. Generals Longstreet and A. P. Hill were promptly ordered to recross the Chickahominy at New Bridge, and move by the Darbytown and Long Bridge roads. General Lee, having sent his engineer, Captain Meade, to examine the condition of the abandoned works, came to the south side of the Chickahominy to unite his command and direct its movements. Magruder and Huger found the whole line of works deserted, and large quantities of military stores of every description abandoned or destroyed. They were immediately ordered in pursuit, the former by the Charles City Road, so as to take the enemy's army in flank; the latter by the Williamsburg Road, to attack his rear. Jackson was directed to cr
antime a large force had penetrated the wood as far as Hill's reserve, where it was met by a fire for which it was not unprepared. General Hill says: Reports of the Army of Northern Virginia, Vol. II, p. 463. The advancing columns of the enemy encountered an obstacle at the military road which they little expected. Gregg's brigade of South Carolinians stood in the way. The advancing Federals were allowed to approach quite near, when that brigade poured a withering fire into the faces of Meade's men, and Early's division from the second line swept forward, and the contest in the woods was short and decisive. The enemy was quickly routed and driven out with very heavy loss, and, though largely reenforced, was pressed back and pursued to the shelter of the railroad embankment. Here he was gallantly charged by the brigades of Hoke and Atkinson, and driven across the plain to his batteries. The attack on Hill's left was repulsed by the artillery on that part of the line, against wh
ught it preferable to renew the attack. General Meade held the high ridge above described, alongas thrown over at Falling Waters. On the 12th Meade's army approached. A position had been previog occupied in fortifying his own lines. General Meade, in his testimony before the Committee on e the Committee on the Conduct of the War, General Meade, in reference to his force at Gettysburg, hrank from no danger. The testimony of General Meade, above mentioned, contains this statement d a complete victory, and the testimony of General Meade quoted above shows that he was not at all r great captain has been subjected. To compel Meade to retire would have availed but little to us, These having failed, from whatever cause, and Meade having occupied in force the commanding positi, when Lee halted on the banks of the Potomac, Meade, instead of attacking as a pursuing general worprise. On November 26th the army under General Meade crossed the Rapidan, with the intention of[9 more...]
ulsed at Richmond Stuart Resists Sheridan Stuart's death remarks on Grant's plan of campaign movement of General Butler Drewry's Bluff battle there campaign of Grant in Virginia. Both the Army of Northern Virginia and the army under General Meade remained in a state of comparative inaction during the months of January and February, 1864. On February 26, 1864, while General Lee's headquarters were at Orange Court House, two corps of the army of the enemy left their camp for Madison ous instructions under which they were acting, saved them from the death penalty they had fully incurred. Photographic copies of the papers found on Dahlgren's body were taken and sent to General Lee, with instructions to communicate them to General Meade, commanding the enemy's forces in his front, with an inquiry as to whether such practices were authorized by his government, and also to say that if any question was raised as to the copies, the original paper would be submitted. No such que
slaughter the enemy's soldiers decline to renew the assault when ordered strength of respective armies General Pemberton the enemy crosses the James siege of Petersburg begun. It was in March, 1864, that Major General Ulysses S. Grant, having been appointed lieutenant general, assumed command of the armies of the United States. He subsequently proceeded to Culpeper and assumed personal command of the Army of the Potomac, although nominally that army remained under the command of General Meade. Reenforcements were gathered from every military department of the United States and sent to that army. On May 3d General Lee held the south bank of the Rapidan River, with his right resting near the mouth of Mine Run and his left extending to Liberty Mills, on the road from Gordonsville to the Shenandoah Valley. Ewell's corps was on the right, Hill's on the left, and two divisions of Longstreet's corps, having returned from East Tennessee, were encamped in the rear near Gordonsvil
Lee sent Colonel Venable, one of his staff, to Gordon, commanding the advance, to learn his opinion as to the chances of a successful attack, to which Gordon replied, My old corps is reduced to a frazzle, and, unless I am supported by Longstreet heavily, I do not think we can do anything more. When Colonel Venable returned with this answer to General Lee, he said, Then there is nothing left me but to go and see General Grant. At that time Longstreet, covering the rear, was threatened by Meade, so that there was no ability to reenforce Gordon, and thus to explain why General Lee then realized that the emergency had arisen for the surrender of his army which, in his note to General Grant of the previous day, he had said he did not believe to exist. Colonel Venable, at early dawn, had left Gordon with about five thousand infantry, and Fitzhugh Lee with about fifteen hundred cavalry, and Colonel Carter's battalion of artillery, forming his line of battle to attack the enemy, which,
of, 456-57. Marcy, William L., extract from letter concerning private property, 139. Maritime war, Laws of, 235-36, 315. Marshall, Col. Charles, 132-33. General Humphrey, 15-16. John, words on confiscation of private property, 139. Martin, General, 466. Marvin, William, 632. Maryland, subversion to state government, 388-95. Mason, Colonel, 586. John, M., 311. Maury, Gen. D. H., 175, 327, 330, 474, 587, 590, 591. Account of retreat from Corinth, 330. Capt. W. L., 221. Meade, Gen. George G., 120, 297, 373, 374-75,477,378,379,423,425,433,558, 631-32,633, 635. Meigs, M. C., 90. Melton, Col., Samuel, 430. Memphis, Tenn., occupation by Federals, 62. Mercer, Captain, 494. General, 466, 490. Mercideta (frigate), 172. Merrimac (frigate), 67, 191. Equipment, 164-65. Merryman, John, 391-92. Messec, Private, 596-97. Middletown, Va., Battle of, 452-54. Military Justice, Bureau of, charge against Davis, 420. Miller, —, 282. Mills, Capt. A. N., 199