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rces. The following statements have been taken from those papers by Major Walter H. Taylor, of the staff of General Lee, who supervised for several years the preparation of the original returns. A statement of the strength of the troops under General Johnston shows that on May 21, 1862, he had present for duty as follows: Smith's dvision, consisting of the brigades of Whiting, Hood, Hampton, Hatton, and Pettigrew10,592 Longstreet's division, consisting of the brigades of A. P. Hill, Pickett, R. H. Anderson, Wilson, Colston, and Pryor13,816 Magruder's division, consisting of the brigades of McLaws, Kershaw, Griffith, Cobb, Toombs, and D. R. Jones15,680 D. H. Hill's division, consisting of the brigades of Early, Rodes, Raines, Featherston, and the commands of Colonels Ward and Crump11,151 Cavalry brigade1,289 Reserve artillery1,160 —— Total effective men53,688 statement of the strength of the army commanded by General R. E. Lee on July 20, 1862 Department of Norther
n, secured from material interruption by a dense fog. Longstreet's corps constituted our left, with Anderson's division resting on the river, and those of McLaws, Pickett, and Hood extending to the right. A. P. Hill, of Jackson's corps, was posted between Hood's right and Hamilton's Crossing, on the railroad. His front line occupinia, on March 31, 1863, shows as present for duty 57,112, of which 6,509 were cavalry and 1,621 reserve artillery. On May 20th, two weeks after the battle, when Pickett's and Hood's divisions had rejoined the army, the total infantry force numbered but 55,261 effective men, from which, if the strength of Hood's and Pickett's diviPickett's divisions is deducted, there would remain 41,358 as the strength of the commands that participated in the battles of Chancellorsville. Taylor's Four Years with General Lee. The Army of the Potomac numbered 120,000 men, infantry and artillery, with a body of 12,000 well-equipped cavalry, and an artillery force of four hundred gun
wing, and to avail himself of any opportunity that might present itself to attack. After a severe struggle Longstreet succeeded in getting possession of and holding the ground in his immediate front. Ewell also carried some of the strong positions which he assailed, and the result was such as to lead to the belief that he would ultimately be able to dislodge the force in his front. The battle ceased at dark. These partial successes determined Lee to continue the assault on the next day. Pickett, with three of his brigades, joined Longstreet on the following morning, and our batteries were moved forward to the position gained by him on the day before. The general plan of attack was unchanged, except that one division and two brigades of Hill's corps were ordered to support Longstreet. General Meade, in the meantime, had strengthened his line with earthworks. The morning was occupied in necessary preparations, and the battle recommenced in the afternoon of the 3d, raging with g
rant's tactics, he felt assured that the continuous hammering process was to be repeated without reference to circumstances or position. If Lee acted on this supposition, he was mistaken, as the Federal commander, profiting by the severe lessons of Spotsylvania and the Wilderness, with cautious, noiseless movement withdrew under cover of the night of the 26th to the north side of the North Anna, and moved eastward down to the Pamunkey River. At Hanover Junction General Lee was joined by Pickett's division of Longstreet's corps, which had been on detached service in North Carolina, and by a small force under General Breckinridge from southwestern Virginia, twenty-two hundred strong. Hoke's brigade of Early's division, twelve hundred strong, which had been on detached duty at the junction, here also rejoined its division. On the 29th the whole of Grant's army was across the Pamunkey, while General Lee's army on the next day was in line of battle with his left at Atlee's Station.
nchments. A strategic position of recognized importance was that known as Five Forks. Lee had stationed there Major General Pickett with his division, and some additional force. On the next day, April 1st, this position was assaulted, and our ted on our right that our cavalry would be unable to resist successfully his advance upon our communications., I detached Pickett's division to support it. At first Pickett succeeded in driving the enemy, who fought stubbornly; and, after being reenfPickett succeeded in driving the enemy, who fought stubbornly; and, after being reenforced by the Fifth Corps (United States Army), obliged Pickett to recede to the Five Forks on the Dinwiddie Court-House and Ford's road, where, unfortunately, he was yesterday defeated. To relieve him, I had to again draw out three brigades under GPickett to recede to the Five Forks on the Dinwiddie Court-House and Ford's road, where, unfortunately, he was yesterday defeated. To relieve him, I had to again draw out three brigades under General Anderson, which so weakened our front line that the enemy last night and this morning succeeded in penetrating it near the Cox road, separating our troops around the town from those on Hatcher's Run. This has enabled him to extend to the App
er, General, 268, 273, 286, 377. Pendleton, Gen. W. N., 111, 126, 130, 131, 371-72, 461. Extract from address on first battle of Gettysburg, 371. Perry, Benjamin F., 625. Perry (brig), 9. Perryville, Ky., Battle of, 324. Petersburg, Va., siege of, 541-47, 549-56. Petrel (ship), 212. Pettigrew, General, 131. Pettus, Col. E. W., 336, 347. Phelps, Gen. 499, 500. Pierce, Franklin, Pres. U. S., 227-28. Pierpont, Francis H., 256, 257, 258, 612. Pierrepont, Edwards, 406. Pickett, General, 131, 296, 309, 373, 441, 561. Pillow, General, 24, 25, 26, 27-28, 32, 34, 35,496. Piracy. Term applied to Confederate naval operations, 9-10. English discussion of Lincoln's piracy proclamation, 10. Pitcairn, Major, 514. Pittsburg (gunboat), 25. Pittsburg Landing, 39, 41-42, 58. Battle, 43. Pleasant Hill, Battle of, 457. Poindexter, Doctor. 122. Point Comfort, 7 Polignac, General, 455. Polk, General, Leonidas, 20, 40-41, 43, 44, 46, 47, 55, 192, 324, 359, 360, 361, 4