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ith Generals Beauregard, Hardee, and Cobb, at Augusta General Hood's movement against the enemy's outh of the Georgia Railroad (from Atlanta to Augusta) in a direction north and northeast of Atlantat the service of his country, I proceeded to Augusta during the first week of October, in order, w was fully explained to General Beauregard at Augusta, and by him cordially approved. It comprisedot disintegrate his Army It was supposed that Augusta, on account of our principal powder manufactohave smaller streams to cross, he could reach Augusta as soon as Sherman. General Cobb, the locahe last supported contingency, to assemble at Augusta the invalid soldiers, the militia, and othersBeauregard, care of Colonel W. M. Browne, Augusta, Georgia. Yours of 24th received. It is probabowed the Georgia Railroad in the direction of Augusta, and the other took the line of the Macon andrn Railroad to Jonesboro. Avoiding Macon and Augusta, they passed through central Georgia, taking
ft detachments at proper points to defend the approaches to Charleston and Augusta, Georgia, withdrew the rest of his command to the first-named city. General Wheeleosition to attack him in front and on the flank. Had his objective point been Augusta, he would have had our army in his rear; had, as proved to be the case, Columbe of the railroad, threatening Branchville, the junction of the railroads from Augusta to Columbia and Charleston. For a short time it was doubtful whether he proposed to attack Augusta, Georgia, where it was well known we had our principal powder mill, many important factories and shops, and large stores of army supplies; on throlina. General Hood's army, the troops under command of General D. H. Hill at Augusta, General Hardee's force, a few thousand men under General Bragg, and the cavalnot entirely recovered from a wound received in the Tennessee campaign, was at Augusta, Gorgia, collecting the fragments of Hood's army to follow the troops previous
e circumstances had forced on him the conclusion that the evacuation of Petersburg was but a question of time. He had early and fully appreciated the embarrassment which would result from losing the workshops and foundry at Richmond, which had been our main reliance for the manufacture and repair of arms as well as the preparation of ammunition. The importance of Richmond in this regard was, however, then less than it had been by the facilities which had been created for these purposes at Augusta, Selma, Fayetteville, and some smaller establishments; also by the progress which was being made for a large armory at Macon, Georgia. To my inquiry as to whether it would not be better to anticipate the necessity by withdrawing at once, he said that his artillery and draught horses were too weak for the roads as they were then, and that he would have to wait until they became firmer. There naturally followed consideration of the line of retreat. A considerable time before this General
he train. When the next day passed without the troops' coming forward, I sent a note to the Secretary of War, showing the impolicy of my longer delay, having there heard that General Upton had passed within a few miles of the town on his way to Augusta to receive the surrender of the garrison and military materiel at that place, in conformity with orders issued by General Johnston. This was my first positive information of his surrender. Not receiving an immediate reply to the note addressed, but had been captured because they were found voluntarily traveling with my family to protect them from marauders, were sent with me as prisoners of war, and all incarcerated, in disregard of the protection promised when they surrendered. At Augusta we were put on a steamer, and there met Vice-President Stephens, Hon. C. C. Clay (who had voluntarily surrendered himself upon learning that he was included in the proclamation for the arrest of certain persons charged with complicity in the ass