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Edward Porter Alexander, Military memoirs of a Confederate: a critical narrative 192 0 Browse Search
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Edward Porter Alexander, Military memoirs of a Confederate: a critical narrative, Chapter 2: the battle of Bull Run (July, 1861) (search)
who have never felt it can realize what this may be. Bonham had served in Florida and Mexico and had been wounded at Contreras. He was personally brave, but had here no major-general to give him orders, and the responsibility overwhelmed him. To nothing else can we attribute the excessive caution which here characterized the conduct of both our generals and of the President. Similar instances may be found in the stories of many battles. Magruder had already illustrated it at Big Bethel. Meade afterward did likewise at Gettysburg, and, even in our most recent war, the siege of Santiago narrowly escaped being terminated by a retreat. The capture of the Spanish fleet at Manila was delayed by a suspension for breakfast, and for an unnecessary inventory of ammunition. All these events took place under the pressure of new responsibilities. Longstreet, in his book, Manassas to Appomattox, p. 52, gives the following account of the final scene:— When within artillery range of t
Edward Porter Alexander, Military memoirs of a Confederate: a critical narrative, Chapter 3: fall and winter of 1861 (search)
n. Third. Pope, in August, 1862, followed in McDowell's footsteps along the railroad from Alexandria, and was defeated upon nearly the same ground which had witnessed McDowell's defeat. Fourth. Burnside took the railroad via Fredericksburg, and in December, 1862, met a bloody repulse at that point and gave up his campaign. Fifth. Hooker also took the Fredericksburg route, but was attacked at Chancellorsville so severely that he also gave up his campaign early in May, 1863. Sixth. Meade, after repulsing Lee at Gettysburg in July, 1863, in November essayed an advance from Alexandria upon Lee's right flank at Mine Run, about halfway between the two railroad lines. He found Lee so strongly intrenched that he withdrew without attacking. Seventh. On May 4, 1864, Grant, with the largest force yet assembled, set out from Alexandria on a line between Meade's Mine Run and Hooker's Spottsylvania routes. Lee attacked his columns in the Wilderness. The battle thus joined raged fo
Edward Porter Alexander, Military memoirs of a Confederate: a critical narrative, Chapter 12: Boonsboro or South Mountain, and Harper's Ferry (search)
, Pender, Field, Thomas7 JacksonWinder, Jones, J. K., Taliaferro, Starke6 Hill, D. H.Ripley, Garland, Rodes, Anderson, G. B. Colquitt4 Total 2d Corps4 Divisions19 Brigades, 24 Batteries, 100 Guns24 ArtilleryPendletonPendleton's Reserve, 58 Guns12 CavalryStuartHampton, Lee F., Robertson, 14 Guns3 Aggregate2 Corps, 10 Divisions43 Brigades, 284 guns, 55,000 Men67 CORPSDIVISIONSBRIGADESBATTS. 1st CorpsKingPhelps, Doubleday, Patrick, Gibbon4 HookerRickettsDuryea, Christian, Hartsuff2 MeadeSeymour, Magilton, Gallagher4 2d CorpsRichardsonCaldwell, Meagher, Brooke2 SumnerSedgwickGorman, Howard, Dana2 FrenchKimball, Morris, Weber3 5th CorpsMorellBarnes, Griffin, Stockton3 PorterSykesBuchanan, Lovell, Warren3 HumphreysHumphreys, Tyler, Allabach2 6th CorpsSlocumTorbert, Bartlett, Newton4 FranklinSmith, W. F.Hancock, Brooks, Irwin3 CouchDevens, Howe, Cochrane4 9th CorpsWillcox, O. B.Christ, Welsh2 BurnsideSturgisNagle, Ferrero2 RodmanFairchild, Harland1 CoxSeammon, Crook
Edward Porter Alexander, Military memoirs of a Confederate: a critical narrative, Chapter 13: Sharpsburg or Antietam (search)
At early dawn the fight was renewed, and Hooker's three fine divisions advanced in columns of brigades in line. Doubleday on the right, Ricketts on the left, and Meade in reserve close behind, — 10 brigades with 10 batteries. The fighting even before sunrise had become very severe. In his official report, Hooker gives the foll being routed by the counter-stroke, given so heavily by Hood and his reenforcements. Hooker's corps had now lost 2590 men and was practically put out of action. Meade succeeded to the command of the corps, when Hooker was wounded, and he withdrew from the field to a commanding ridge about a mile in rear, where he endeavored to cattle before noon. Couch's division, 6000 strong, recalled from its useless expedition to Maryland Heights, rejoined the army early in the morning on the 18th, and Meade's division, 6000 strong, arrived by 11 A. M. It is strange but true that, with 36,000 fresh men at hand, neither McClellan nor any of his six corps commanders, exc
Edward Porter Alexander, Military memoirs of a Confederate: a critical narrative, Chapter 14: fall of 1862 (search)
ttack upon the height at Hamilton's Crossing. Meade's division was to lead, closely followed and s hostile infantry. This was not long delayed, Meade's division of three brigades taking the lead, guns which he had advanced within easy range. Meade replied with 12 guns, and one of Doubleday's bsualties. It was now about 11.30 A. M., and Meade's infantry again advanced and were soon withinin column of brigades on Meade's right flank. Meade had two brigades in his front line, and his re, and, inclining to the right, it moved behind Meade's other brigades and took part in their fight,o the front across the railroad. The march of Meade's division brought its right brigade into thiskson's brigade into the woods, and thus formed Meade's division into a column of three brigades. T urgently and explicitly. But about this time Meade and Gibbon were driven back, and pursued, and ry fire which the enemy threw into the woods. Meade's division, out of 5000, lost 1853, and Gibbon[14 more...]
Edward Porter Alexander, Military memoirs of a Confederate: a critical narrative, Chapter 15: Chancellorsville (search)
ows, with the strength of each corps present for duty equipped on April 30. corpsDIVISIONSBRIGADESARTILLERY Batts.Guns 1stWadsworthPhelps, Cutler, Paul, Meredith1052 ReynoldsRobinsonRoot, Baxter, Leonard 16,908DoubledayRowley, Stone 2dHancockCaldwell, Meagher, Zook, Brook848 CouchGibbonSully, Owen, Hall 16,893FrenchCarroll, Hays, MacGregor 3dBirneyGraham, Ward, Hayman954 SicklesBerryCarr, Revere, Mott 18,721WhippleFranklin, Bowman, Berdan 5thGriffinBarnes, McQuade, Stockton842 MeadeSykesAyres, Burbank, O'Rorke 15,724HumphreysTyler, Allabach 6thBrooksBrown, Bartlett, Russell954 SedgwickHoweGrant, Neill NewtonShaler, Brown, Wheaton 23,667BurnhamBurnham corpsDIVISIONSBRIGADESARTILLERY Batts.Guns 11thDevensVon Gilsa, McLean636 HowardVon SteinwehrBuschbeck, Barlow 12,977SchurzSchimmelpfennig, Krzyzanowski 12th528 SlocumWilliamsKnipe, Ross, Ruger 13,450GearyCandy, Kane, Greene CavalryPleasontonDavis, Devin522 StonemanAverellSargent, McIntosh GreggKilpatrick
Edward Porter Alexander, Military memoirs of a Confederate: a critical narrative, Chapter 16: Gettysburg: the first day (search)
eiving any reinforcements, doubtless increased Meade's confidence in all his later movements. The favor, when the choice was between Hooker and Meade, as successor to Burnside. They still supportnto collision with Hooker still in command. Meade succeeded Hooker. He was an excellent fighterlicate orders, relieving Hooker and installing Meade, were sent that afternoon by Hardie, Stanton's chief of staff. He delivered the order to Meade about midnight, while Hooker was still in ignorane to give the approximate locations of five of Meade's seven corps, three being near Frederick and Lee's plans. He was specially anxious to hold Meade east of the Blue Ridge, and not have him come ed any particular site for his coming battle. Meade, however, very soon after taking command on thngton the artillery and stores of the post. Meade knew that Ewell's corps was between York and Cion before he had been superseded. Although Meade had selected his proposed line of battle behin[9 more...]
Edward Porter Alexander, Military memoirs of a Confederate: a critical narrative, Chapter 17: Gettysburg: second day (search)
Longstreet's flank march. Sickles's advance. Meade foresees Sickles's defeat. progressive type o main line in the pursuit of the fugitives. Meade, however, having seen Hooker's movement, at onas unwise to attempt a withdrawal under fire. Meade saw the danger, and with military foresight prle of efficient command than that displayed by Meade on this occasion. He immediately began to brie progress, but already reinforcements sent by Meade were reaching the enemy and Law's advance was ft. But by this time the reinforcements which Meade was hurrying from every part of the Federal live had better result. It has been told that Meade, being on the left with Sickles at the time of, who were raw troops, were led into action by Meade in person, and also retook a captured battery.on we were in a very dangerous situation. Had Meade now ordered an advance he would have found Lon found more trenches vacant and occupied them, Meade could at will concentrate ample force to drive[1 more...]
Edward Porter Alexander, Military memoirs of a Confederate: a critical narrative, Chapter 18: Gettysburg: third day (search)
It must be ever held a colossal mistake that Meade did not organize a counter-stroke as soon as h 6th, for instance, could have cut us in two. Meade might at least have felt that he had nothing tties were now greatly increased. Fortunately, Meade was not in aggressive mood, and Lee decided tos. Many Federal writers have sought to excuse Meade's failures to improve the opportunities offere, and subjected to an attack at his leisure by Meade. All diligence was used to relieve the situ the centre, and Ewell the left. On the 10th, Meade was approaching rapidly, driving in our advancs was excellent for a desperate resistance. Meade's report indicates easy acquiescence in our re P. M., the infantry and artillery at dark. Meade might have attacked on the 12th but contented fficers was so adverse to the proposition that Meade allowed himself to be persuaded, thus giving Le Ridge into Loudon Co., where he might oppose Meade's crossing into Va., but that the Shenandoah w[1 more...]
Edward Porter Alexander, Military memoirs of a Confederate: a critical narrative, Chapter 19: battle of Chickamauga (search)
he Confederacy had been sadly altered by our failures at Gettysburg and Vicksburg. Grant would now be able to bring against us in Ga. Rosecrans reenforced by the army which had taken Vicksburg. To remain idle was to give the enemy time to do this. Once more the necessity was upon us to devise some offensive which might bring on a battle with approximately equal chances. Lee, accordingly, urged forward the building up of his own army with the design of an early aggressive movement against Meade. It must be admitted that the opportunity for such was slight. The enemy's fortified lines about Alexandria were too near; as was proven later, when in Nov. an advance was actually attempted. But the Confederacy still held unimpaired the advantage of the Interior Lines, already spoken of as open to them in May, and then urged by Longstreet both upon Secretary Seddon and Lee. These still offered the sole opportunity ever presented the South for a great strategic victory. Already, howeve
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