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Edward Porter Alexander, Military memoirs of a Confederate: a critical narrative, Chapter 5: Seven Pines or fair Oaks (search)
in front. Hood was directed to leave the Nine Mile road to his left and to push over toward the York River Railroad, and find Hill's troops, while the remaining brigades moved down the railroad. Already there had been upon the railroad all day Pickett's brigade of Longstreet's division, sent there by Longstreet before the beginning of the action, to report any advance of the enemy up that road. It is remarkable that Longstreet contented himself with this, and did not utilize this road as a rrly in the morning there was some sharp firing at many points along the line, where daylight brought into view troops and skirmishers which had been posted after dark; and, in accordance with Smith's instructions, four of Longstreet's brigades — Pickett's, Wilcox's, Pryor's, and Colston's — and two of Huger's, Mahone's and Armistead's, advanced upon the enemy's position, which ran largely through the woods. There resulted a number of more or less severe affairs at different points, which were
Edward Porter Alexander, Military memoirs of a Confederate: a critical narrative, Chapter 10: Cedar Mountain (search)
ntermission from active operations, something was accomplished, too, to improve our organizations, though leaving us still greatly behind the example long before set us by the enemy. Longstreet and Jackson were still but major-generals commanding divisions, but each now habitually commanded other divisions besides his own, called a Wing, and the old divisions became known by the names of new commanders. Thus, Jackson's old division now became Taliaferro's, and Longstreet's division became Pickett's, while Longstreet and Jackson each commanded a Wing, so called. It was not until another brief rest in October, after the battle of Sharpsburg, that Longstreet and Jackson were made lieutenant-generals, and the whole army was definitely organized into corps. Some improvement was also made in our armament by the guns and rifled muskets captured during the Seven Days, and my reserve ordnance train was enlarged. Lines of light earthworks were constructed, protecting Chaffin's Bluff bat
Edward Porter Alexander, Military memoirs of a Confederate: a critical narrative, Chapter 14: fall of 1862 (search)
TILLERYPRESENT for duty McLaws'sKershaw's, Barksdale's, Cobb's, Semmes's, Cabell's Battalion Artillery, 4 Batteries, 18 Guns7,898 Anderson'sWilcox's, Mahone's, Featherstone's, Wright's, Perry's Unorganized Artillery, 4 Batteries, 18 Guns7,639 Pickett'sGarnett's, Kemper's, Armistead's, Jenkins's, Corse's Unorganized Artillery, 3 Batteries, 14 Guns7,567 Total23,104 1ST corps, Longstreet's (Continued) DIVISIONBRIGADES and ARTILLERYPRESENT for duty Hood'sTotal carried forward Law's, Robert for duty, by divisions, as follows:— 1ST corps, LongstreetSTRENGTH2D corps, JacksonSTRENGTH Anderson's Division7,639Ewell's Division7,716 Hood's Division7,334A. P. Hill's Division11,554 McLaws's Division 7,898D. H. Hill's Division8,944 Pickett's Division7,567Jackson's Division5,005 Ransom's Division3,855Reserve Artillery473 Reserve Artillery623 Total 2d Corps33,692 Total 1st Corps34,886Total two Corps68,578 Adding Pendleton's reserve artillery, 718, Stuart's cavalry, 9146, and 41
Edward Porter Alexander, Military memoirs of a Confederate: a critical narrative, Chapter 15: Chancellorsville (search)
paign was not initiated by Lee, and he thought that one division would have been sufficient, as the result showed. For the little fighting done was unnecessary, being initiated by the Confederates. And, although Lee at Chancellorsville repulsed Hooker's attack, it was poor policy to take the risk of battle against enormous odds, with one-fourth of his infantry absent. As might have been expected, under the difficult circumstances attending our transportation either by wagon or by rail, Pickett's and Hood's divisions could not be gotten back in time for the battle, and our victory was the product of lucky accident combined with sublime audacity, desperate fighting, and heavy losses. Hooker proved himself a good organizer. When placed in command, the army was much discouraged and desertions were numerous. Hooker abolished the grand divisions; devised a system of furloughs as a check to desertion; improved the transportation and supply departments, and organized his cavalry in
Edward Porter Alexander, Military memoirs of a Confederate: a critical narrative, Chapter 16: Gettysburg: the first day (search)
t be drawn. In this state of affairs, Longstreet, with Hood's and Pickett's divisions, arrived in Petersburg, under orders to rejoin Lee at which he hoped would play upon and exaggerate these fears. Two of Pickett's five brigades had been temporarily left,— Jenkins's at PetersburMANDERBATTS.guns McLaws7,311 Kershaw, Barksdale, Semmes, Wofford Pickett5,200 Garnett, Kemper, Armistead Hood7,720 Law, Robertson, Anderso M. Lee accompanied this march, and also bivouacked at Greenwood. Pickett's division was left at Chambersburg to guard the rear until Imbodeher fruit in case of victory. On July 1, of his nine divisions, Pickett's was in bivouac at Chambersburg. The other eight, except Law's baving marched at 3 A. M., and covered by that time about 20 miles. Pickett's division was also upon the road, having marched from Chambersburre, practically the whole of both armies was upon the field except Pickett's division and Law's brigade of the Confederates, and the 6th corp
Edward Porter Alexander, Military memoirs of a Confederate: a critical narrative, Chapter 17: Gettysburg: second day (search)
. As we advanced we saw a number of prisoners being sent to the rear, passing a rail fence across our path. Maj. Dearing, commanding the battalion attached to Pickett's division was with us, and he shouted an order to the prisoners to move those rails. Never was an order executed with more alacrity. Every prisoner seemed to s's brigade and Heth's division in reserve. Wright's report is of special interest as his advance was over the same ground covered the next day by the charge of Pickett's division. His report thus describes it after he had carried the enemy's advanced line, capturing several guns, crossed the pike, and approached the stone wall marking Pickett's farthest advance in his charge on the 3d. We were now within less than 100 yards of the crest of the heights, which were lined with artillery, supported by a strong body of infantry under protection of a stone fence. My men, by a well-directed fire, soon drove the cannoneers from their guns, and leaping over
Edward Porter Alexander, Military memoirs of a Confederate: a critical narrative, Chapter 18: Gettysburg: third day (search)
Pickett called for. Pickett and Longstreet. Pickett appears. the repulse. Lee on the field. thposed to be a part of that ordered to precede Pickett's charge. It began between skirmishers in frin, I would prefer that you should not advise Pickett to make the charge. I shall rely a great deahe attack. When that moment arrives advise Gen. Pickett and of course advance such artillery as youttack by the whole army. I determined to see Pickett and get an idea of his feelings. I did so, a fought for two days. So I determined to send Pickett the order at the very first favorable sign anwrote the following note and despatched it to Pickett at 1.25:— General: If you are to advance . Haskell some years later:— Just before Pickett's division charged, you rode up and after inqhe report, asking Pickett to modify it, which Pickett delayed and finally neglected to do. I quote 191 Kemper58356317731 Dearing's Arty.81725 Pickett's Div.2321,1571,4992,888 Law74276146496 And[34 more...]<
Edward Porter Alexander, Military memoirs of a Confederate: a critical narrative, Chapter 20: battle of the Wilderness (search)
0 cavalry, and about 50 guns. These included Pickett's division of Longstreet's corps, say 5000 mes left, on the Brock road, in anticipation of Pickett's expected appearance. There happened to be ral convalescents who were at first taken for Pickett's division. He also attributed to Pickett soPickett some very rapid fire heard on the left, where Sheridan, with his Spencer carbines, had attacked Stuarer at Drury's Bluff, allowing Lee to send for Pickett's division, about 5000 men. Hoke's brigade, and Kershaw, and extended, but not heavily, to Pickett's front. It soon appeared that at all pointsthere were no reserves, Hunton's brigade from Pickett's division, and Gregg's from Field's, were huextend its left past the front of Field's and Pickett's, to unite with Smith; and the 9th corps wase works to get enfilading fires. In front of Pickett and Kershaw, the enemy's intrenchments were walion of 24 guns, which held the line between Pickett's and Field's divisions and was, some of it, [2 more...]
Edward Porter Alexander, Military memoirs of a Confederate: a critical narrative, Chapter 21: the movement against Petersburg (search)
y about Malvern Hill and we were halted to learn what it meant. About midday, the report came that the enemy had fallen back, but our march was not resumed, and we later returned to our bivouacs. On the 16th, the 1st corps headquarters, with Pickett's and Field's divisions, were hurried across the pontoon bridge at Drury's Bluff and down to the Bermuda Hundreds lines, which had been held by Bushrod Johnson's division, but had been abandoned the night of the 15th when Beauregard had withdraw We reached the ground in time to drive off one of Butler's brigades which had come out to the railroad and begun to tear it up. We drove this brigade back very nearly into their original lines, and, on the next afternoon, the 17th, a charge of Pickett's division entirely regained our lines which had been abandoned by Bushrod Johnson. During these three days, the 15th, 16th, and 17th, Beauregard, while defending Petersburg, with great skill and tenacity, had repeatedly reported to Lee the a
Edward Porter Alexander, Military memoirs of a Confederate: a critical narrative, Chapter 23: the fall of 1864 (search)
are no returns for ours. Meanwhile, Lee was bringing up Pickett's and Johnson's divisions of infantry, about 6600 men, ann nearly to Dinwiddie C. H. Night ended the fighting, with Pickett so far in advance that he would have been cut off by Warre flank. Longstreet writes:— The position was not of Pickett's choosing but of his orders, and from his orders he assumme 15,000 men, followed, and massing a force of cavalry on Pickett's right, with the 5th corps he turned his left flank and rircumstance connected with this battle is the fact that Gen. Pickett was, all of this time and until near the close of the a The distance was but little over a mile, and Fitz-Lee and Pickett were in company. Neither were on the field until the actiLee, on the night of April 1, had heard of the disaster to Pickett at Five Forks, he had wired for Longstreet with Field's diver the non-arrival of Anderson's command (the remnants of Pickett's and Johnson's divisions), and at last rode to the rear t