ted instructions to that effect, in order to make an impassable obstruction of emigration westward.
These instructions were renewed with emphasis in 1768, when John Stuart, an agent faithful to his trust, had already carried the frontier line to the northern limit of North Carolina.
He was now ordered to continue it to the Ohio, severed from the jurisdiction of Virginia and confirmed to the Indians by treaties.
Virginia strenuously opposed this measure; and, to thwart the negotiations of Stuart with the Indians, sent Thomas Walker as her commissioner to the congress of the Six Nations held at Fort Stanwix (q. v.) late in the autumn of 1768.
There about th generous gifts.
They complied with the wishes of the several agents present, and the western boundary-line was established at the mouth of the Kanawha to meet Stuart's line on the south.
From the Kanawha northward it followed the Ohio and Alleghany rivers, a branch of the Susquehanna, and so on to the junction of Canada and W
he garrison of Fort London to surrender, and in violation of his promise, treacherously killed all his prisoners, over 200 in number.
Three men only escaped—Capt. John Stuart, and two soldiers.
Stuart's life was saved by one of the chiefs, who assisted him in returning to Virginia.
As a result of the massacre the colonists burneStuart's life was saved by one of the chiefs, who assisted him in returning to Virginia.
As a result of the massacre the colonists burned the Cherokee towns, and forced Oconastoto into an alliance which lasted until the war of the Revolution, when Captain Stuart, who had been made British Indian agent, induced Oconastoto to head an attack on the colonists with 20,000 Indians.
John Sevier (q. v.) after a five years struggle succeeded in permanently crushing the poCaptain Stuart, who had been made British Indian agent, induced Oconastoto to head an attack on the colonists with 20,000 Indians.
John Sevier (q. v.) after a five years struggle succeeded in permanently crushing the power of the allied Indians.
Oconastoto was reported alive in 1809 by Return J. Meigs, United States Indian agent, although eighty years previously (1730) he had reached manhood and had represented the Cherokee nation in a delegation sent to Englan
nt and flank, and threatened to cut off his retreat to Richmond.
During that exciting race there were several skirmishes in the mountain-passes.
Finally Lee, by a quick and skilful movement, while Meade was detained at Manassas Gap by a heavy skirmish, dashed through Chester Gap, and, crossing the Rappahannock, took a position between that stream and the Rapidan.
For a while the opposing armies rested.
Meade advanced cautiously, and at the middle of September he crossed the Rappahannock, and drove Lee beyond the Rapidan, where the latter took a strong defensive position.
Here ended the race towards Richmond.
Meanwhile the cavalry of Buford and Kilpatrick had been active between the two rivers, and had frequent skirmishes with Stuart's mounted force.
Troops had been drawn from each army and sent to other fields of service, and Lee was compelled to take a defensive position.
His defenses were too strong for a prudent commander to assail directly.
See Richmond, campaign against.