Browsing named entities in Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing). You can also browse the collection for Essex (Massachusetts, United States) or search for Essex (Massachusetts, United States) in all documents.

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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Adirondack Park, (search)
Adirondack Park, A tract in the Adirondack Mountain region covering Hamilton county and parts of Essex. Franklin, Herkimer, and St. Lawrence counties: containing numerous mountains. peaks, lakes, and woodlands. It was set apart by the State of New York in 1892 for the protection of the watershed of the Hudson and other rivers. for the practical study of forestry, and for public recreation. The tract has an area of 4,387 square miles. The study of forestry is here carried on under the direction of the newly established State School of Forestry, a department of Cornell University (q. v.).
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Choate, Rufus 1799-1859 (search)
Choate, Rufus 1799-1859 Lawyer; born in Essex, Mass., Oct. 1, 1799; studied at the Cambridge Law School, and, with William Wirt, became one of the most eminent lawyers and orators of his time. He began the practice of law at Danvers, Mass., in 1824. He was a distinguished member of both branches of his State legislature, a member of the Lower House of Congress, and United States Senator, succeeding Daniel Webster in 1841. In 1853 he was attorney-general of Massachusetts. After the death of Webster, Mr. Choate was the acknowledged leader of the Massachusetts bar. Impaired health compelled him to retire from public life in 1858. He died in Halifax, N. S., July 13, 1859.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Liberty tree. (search)
Liberty tree. The original Liberty Tree, in Boston, was not on Boston Common. It was the largest one of a grove of beautiful elms which stood in Hanover Square, at the corner of Orange (now Washington) and Essex streets, opposite the present Boyleston Market. Its exact site is marked by a building, on the front of which is a relief figure of the tree in granite and the inscription Sons of Liberty—1766. Independence of Our Country—1776. This elm was called Liberty tree because the Sons of Liberty held their meetings under it, and the ground below was called Liberty Hall. The first meeting of this society was held there some time in 1765. A pole fastened to the trunk of the tree rose far above the topmost branch, and a red flag floating from it was an understood signal to call together the fearless Sons of Liberty. This society held many meetings here during the next ten years, and placards addressed to the people were nailed to the tree, and inscribed banners were suspende
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Philip, King (search)
Hadley, farther down the river, was attacked while the people were worshipping. A Defending a garrison House against attack. venerable-looking man, with white hair and beard, suddenly appeared, with a glittering sword, and led the people to a charge that dispersed the Indians, and then suddenly disappeared (see Goffe, William). Over other settlements the scourge swept mercilessly. Many valiant young men, under Captain Beers, were slain in Northfield (Sept. 23), and others— the flower of Essex —under Captain Lathrop, were butchered by 1,000 Indians near Deerfield. Encouraged by these successes, Philip now determined to attack Hatfield, the chief white settlement above Springfield. The Springfield Indians joined him, and with 1,000 warriors he fell upon the settlement (Oct. 29); but the English being prepared, he was repulsed with great loss. Alarmed, he moved towards Rhode Island, where the Narragansets, in violation of their treaty, received him and joined him on the war-pat
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Pickering, Timothy 1745-1829 (search)
eene as quartermaster-general in August, 1780, and after the war resided in Philadelphia. In 1786 he was sent to the Wyoming settlement, to adjust difficulties there (see Susquehanna Company; Pennymite and Yankee War), where he was personally abused, imprisoned, and put in jeopardy of his life. He was an earnest advocate of the national Constitution, and succeeded Osgood as United States Postmaster-General. In 1794-95 he was Secretary of War and from 1795 to 1800 Secretary of State. Pickering left office poor, and settling on some wild land in Pennsylvania, lived there with his family, in a log hut; but the liberality of friends enabled him to return to Salem in 1801. He was made chief judge of the Essex county court of common pleas in 1802; was United States Senator from 1803 to 1811; and then was made a member of the council. During the War of 1812-15 he was a member of the Massachusetts board of war, and from 1815 to 1817 of Congress. He died in Salem, Mass., Jan. 29, 1829.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Massachusetts (search)
et Bay, unite with the Nipmuks, and attack Brookfield; the residents, in the principal building, defend themselves from Aug. 2 to 5, when Major Willard with a troop of horse routs the Indians......1675 Hadley attacked by Indians on a fast day while the inhabitants are at church......Sept. 1, 1675 Captain Beers and his party ambushed near Northfield; he with twenty of his men killed......Sept. 4, 1675 Captain Lothrop, of Beverly, having been sent with ninety picked men, the flower of Essex, to bring in the harvest of the settlements, is surprised by a large body of Indians at a small stream, now Bloody Brook, and totally defeated......Sept. 18, 1675 Deerfield and Northfield abandoned by the inhabitants and burned by the Indians......September, 1675 Commissioners meet and agree that 1,000 troops must be levied by the united colonies; Massachusetts to raise 527, Plymouth, 158, and Connecticut, 315......Sept. 9, 1675 [Gov. Josiah Winslow, of Plymouth, to command the who