himself would make the necessary modifications.
President Lincoln therefore issued a special order, Sept. 11, 1861, declaring that the emancipation clause of General Fremont's proclamation be so modified, held, and construed as to conform with and not to transcend the provisions on the same subject contained in the act of Congress approved Aug. 6, preceding.
Another instance of the kind occurred at the hands of General Hunter, the following year.
That officer, being in command at Hilton Head, N. C., proclaimed the States of Georgia, Florida, and South Carolina, in his department, under martial law, and May 9, 1862, issued an order in which occurred these words: Slavery and martial law in a free country are altogether incompatible.
The persons in these States—Georgia, Florida, and South Carolina—heretofore held as slaves are therefore declared forever free.
Though President Lincoln had been bitterly censured by extremists for his action towards General Fremont, and though he k