Browsing named entities in Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing). You can also browse the collection for Springfield, Mo. (Missouri, United States) or search for Springfield, Mo. (Missouri, United States) in all documents.

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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Lyon, Nathaniel 1818- (search)
Lyon, Nathaniel 1818- Military officer; born in Ashford, Conn., July 14, 1818; killed in battle, Aug. 10, 1861; graduated at West Point in 1841. He served in the war in Florida and against Mexico, where he gained honors for gallant conduct; became captain in 1851; and when the Civil War broke out was placed in command of the arsenal at St. Louis, where he Nathaniel Lyon. outwitted and outgeneralled the Confederates. Commissioned brigadier-general of volunteers in May, 1861, the command of the department devolved on him, June 1. He acted with great vigor against the Confederates under the governor (Jackson) of Missouri; he attacked a large force at Wilson's Creek, near Springfield, on Aug. 10, 1861; and was killed in the battle. Lyon was unmarried, and bequeathed nearly all his property (about $30,000) to the government to assist in preserving the Union.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Marmaduke, John Sappington -1887 (search)
Marmaduke, John Sappington -1887 Military officer; born near Arrow Rock, Mo., March 14, 1833; graduated at the United States Military Academy in 1857. When the Civil War broke out he joined the Confederate army under Gen. William J. Hardee in southeastern Arkansas. In recognition of his remarkable bravery at the battle of Shiloh he was commissioned a brigadier-general. He was transferred to the Trans-Mississippi Department in 1862, and for half a year commanded in Missouri and northwestern Arkansas. After frequent raids he forced General Blunt to withdraw to Springfield, Mo. Later, in reward for distinguished services, he was promoted a major-general. In the summer of 1864 he accompanied Gen. Sterling Price in the invasion of Missouri, and though he fought with skill and bravery was finally surrounded and forced to surrender near Fort Scott, on Oct. 24, following. In 1884 he was elected governor of Missouri. He died in Jefferson City, Mo., Dec. 28, 1887.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Missouri, (search)
tect the Pacific Railway from St. Louis to the Gasconade River, preparatory to a movement southward to oppose an invasion by Gen. Benjamin McCulloch, a Texan ranger, who had crossed the Arkansas frontier with about 800 men, and was marching on Springfield. Lyon left St. Louis (June 13) with 2,000 men, on two steamboats, for Jefferson City, to drive Jackson and Price out of it. The Missouri troops were commanded by Colonels Blair and Boernstein, the regulars by Captain Lathrop, and the artiller efforts to purge the State of Confederates. On Dec. 3, 1861, he declared martial law in St. Louis, and afterwards extended it to all railroads and their vicinities. Meanwhile Price, being promised reinforcements from Arkansas, moved back to Springfield, where he concentrated about 12,000 men, and prepared to spend the winter there. Halleck sent Gen. S. R. Curtis to drive him out of the State. Curtis was assisted by Generals Davis, Sigel, Asboth, and Prentiss. They moved in three columns.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), St. Louis, (search)
United States the loyal citizens of St. Louis, in number not exceeding 1,000. This order was procured chiefly through the influence of Col. (afterwards Maj.-Gen.) Frank P. Blair, who had already raised and organized a regiment of Missourians, and assisted in the primary formation of four others. Meanwhile, in accordance with an order from General Wool, a large portion of the arms at the arsenal were removed (April 26) secretly to Alton, Ill., in a steamboat, and thence by railway to Springfield. Frost, whom the governor had commissioned a brigadier-general, formed a militia camp in the suburbs of St. Louis, and, to deceive the people, kept the national flag flying over it. Captain Lyon enrolled a large number of volunteers, who occupied the arsenal grounds. Some of them, for want of room, occupied ground outside. The St. Louis police demanded their return to the government grounds, because they were Federal soldiers, violating the rights of the sovereign State of Missouri. N
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Sigel, Franz 1824- (search)
d, being expelled by the Swiss government, he came to New York in 1850, taught mathematics, interested himself in the State militia, became major of a regiment, and in September, 1858, removed to St. Louis and became superintendent of public schools there. When the Civil War broke out he organized a regiment of infantry and a battery, assisted Franz Sigel. Lyon in the capture of Camp Jackson, and afterwards did signal service in southwestern Missouri, at Carthage, Wilson's Creek, and Springfield. Commissioned a brigadier-general of volunteers, he commanded a division in Fremont's army. In command of a division, early in 1862, he bore a conspicuous part in the battle of Pea Ridge (q. v. ). Promoted major-general, he was placed in command at Harper's Ferry in June, 1862, and late in that month succeeded to the command of Fremont's army corps, and served through the campaign in Virginia under Pope. In September he was placed at the head of the 11th Army Corps. Early in 1864 he w
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Missouri, (search)
on at Jefferson City requires each civil officer within sixty days to subscribe an oath to support the constitution......Oct. 16, 1861 Lexington reoccupied by the Nationals, Oct. 16, who are also victorious at Fredericktown, Oct. 22, and at Springfield......Oct. 26, 1861 Governor Jackson issues (Sept. 26) a proclamation from Lexington, convening the legislature in extra session at Masonic Hall in Neosho, Newton county......Oct. 21, 1861 General Fremont is relieved by Gen. David Hunter.aged citizen of Palmyra, taken in a raid by Col. John C. Porter's band in September, and not heard of afterwards; General McNeil in retaliation shot ten of Porter's raiders......Oct. 18, 1862 Confederate Gen. John S. Marmaduke repulsed at Springfield, Jan. 8, and at Hartsville......Jan. 11, 1863 Gen. John H. McNeil repulses General Marmaduke in a battle at Cape Girardeau......April 26, 1863 Ordinance adopted by the State convention, ordaining that slavery should cease, July 4, 1870,
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Wilson's Creek, battle of. (search)
Wilson's Creek, battle of. After the battle at dug Springs (q. v.), General Lyon fell back to Springfield, Mo. McCulloch was impressed by the result of the battle with the opinion that Lyon's troops outnumbered the Confederates in that region. ded the Confederate forces into three columns, and at midnight, Aug. 7, their whole army, 20,000 strong, moved towards Springfield under McCulloch, Pearce, and Price. They encamped, on the 9th, near Wilson's Creek, 10 miles south of Springfield, wSpringfield, wearied and half-famished, for they had received only half-rations for ten days, and had eaten nothing for twenty-four hours. Lyon's force was so small that there seemed great risk in accepting battle, but he feared a retreat would be more disastroasses to the shelter of the woods. The battle ended, and the Confederates held the field. The Nationals fell back to Springfield, and at 3 A. M. the next day, under the general command of Colonel Sigel, the entire Union force began a successful re
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Zagonyi's charge. (search)
ral Fremont sent the combined cavalry forces of Zagonyi, a Hungarian commanding his guard, and Major White to reconnoitre the position of the Confederates at Springfield, Mo. They were led by the former, who was instructed to attempt the capture of Springfield if circumstances should promise success. The whole force did not exceeSpringfield if circumstances should promise success. The whole force did not exceed 300 men. As they approached the place (Oct. 24), they were informed that the Confederates in the town were fully 2,000 strong. Zagonyi determined to attack them. Apprised of his coming, the Confederates prepared for his reception. He addressed his own little band, saying: The enemy is 2,000 strong, and we are but 150. It is py Major McNaughton, fell upon the foe, and the Confederate cavalry and infantry fled in terror, pursued by a portion of Zagonyi's guard. Through the streets of Springfield they were chased, while the Union women cheered on the victors. The Confederates were utterly routed. When the fight ended, of the 150 of the guard, eighty-fo