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Doc. 7.--evacuation of Fort Moultrie. It was given out yesterday at Fort Moultrie, on I Sullivan's Island, that an attack was expected to be made upon it by the people of this city, and that thFort Moultrie, on I Sullivan's Island, that an attack was expected to be made upon it by the people of this city, and that therefore it would be necessary to remove the wives and children of the men to a more secure place. Accordingly three schooners were engaged, which hauled up to the Fort wharf and loaded with what wasleft in the schooners, with many munitions of war which they had surreptitiously taken front Fort Moultrie. The few men left at the fortification last night, under the command of Captain Foster, as ning of the guncarriages, the smoke of which could be seen this morning from our wharves. Fort Moultrie in a mutilated state, with useless guns, and flames rising ill different portions of it, wildeavor to find them out. About half-past 7 o'clock last evening two heavy discharges from Fort Moultrie, were heard in the city, and was the object of considerable talk, and the news of this morni
e stronghold was occupied by the troops of the United States. On a nearer approach the fortress was discovered to be occupied, the guns appeared to be mounted, and sentinels were discovcred on duty, and the place to give every sign of occupancy and military discipline. The grim fortress frowined defiance on every side; the busy notes of preparation resounded through its unforbidding recesses, and everything seenied to indicate the utmost alacrity in the work on hand. Turning towards Fort Moultrie, a dense cloud of smoke was seen to pour from the end facing the sea. Tlie flagstaff was down, and the whole place had an air of desolation and abandonment quite the reverse of its busy look one week ago, when scores. of laborers were engaged ill adding to its strength all the works skill and experience could suggest. In the immediate vicinity of the rear or landside entrance, however, greater activity was noticeable. At the time of our visit, a large force of hands had been summone
s of South Carolina, which might be settled within the Union; and if there is to be any fighting, we prefer it within, rather than without. The abandonment of Fort Moultrie was obviously a necessary act, in order to carry into effect the purpose contemplated with such an inferior force as that under the command of Major Anderson.- of the age provides him, and he always regards the emergency. Washngton, Garibaldi, Anderson.--Boston Atlas and Bee. The announcement of the evacuation of Fort Moultrie and the occupation of Fort Sumter, was received with various expressions of opinion; but the predominant one was a feeling of admiration for the determined cons own judgment, the step he has taken must be conceded to have been a wise and prudent one. He could not, with the force under his command, have defended both Fort Moultrie and Fort Sumter; and by retiring to the one which is not only the strongest in itselt, but is the key of the position, he has rendered an attack upon his post
Doc. 10.--Secretary Floyd to the President. war Department, Dec. 29, 1860. Sir: On the morning of the 27th inst. I read the following paper to you in the presence of the Cabinet: counsel Chamber, Executive mansion. Sir: It is evident now from the action of the Commander of Fort Moultrie, that the solemn pledges of the Government have been violated by Major Anderson. In my judgment but one remedy is now left us by which to vindicate our honor and prevent civil war. It is in vain now to hope for confidence on the part of the people of South Carolina in any further pledges as to the action of the military. One remedy is left, and that is to withdraw the garrison from the harbor of Charleston. I hope the President will allow me to make that order at once. This order, in my judgment, can alone prevent bloodshed and civil war. (Signed.) John B. Floyd, Secretary of War. I then considered the honor of the Administration pledged to maintain the troops in the p
es Arsenal, the Custom-house, Post-office, Castle Pinckney, and Fort Moultrie, she is not out of the Union, nor beyond the pale of the Unitederson, who, being satisfied that he would not be able to defend Fort Moultrie with the few men under his command, wisely took possession of Fm the disgrace which might have occurred, if he had remained in Fort Moultrie. Being the commander in the harbor, he had the right to occupy Anderson will be required to abandon Fort Sumter and re-occupy Fort Moultrie. There can be no foundation for such apprehensions ; for surelSumter commands the entrance, and in a few hours could demolish Fort Moultrie. So long as the United States keeps possession of this fort, tof these companies should be sent, without a moment's delay, to Fort Moultrie. It will save the Union and the President much trouble. It is esident to send at once three or four companies of artillery to Fort Moultrie. The Union can be preserved, but it requires firm, decided, pr
so authorized to take similar steps whenever you have tangible evidence of a design to proceed to a hostile act. D. P. Butler, Assistant Adjutant-General. Fort Moultrie, S. C., Dec. 11, 1860. This is in conformity to my instructions to Major Buell. John B. Floyd, Secretary of War. These were the last instructions transmittnorable officer, and justice requires that he should not be condemned without a fair hearing. Be this as it may, when I learned that Major Anderson had left Fort Moultrie and proceeded to Fort Sumter, my first promptings were to command him to return to his former position, and there to await the contingencies presented in his iion, we received information that the Palmetto flag floated out to the breeze at Castle Pinckney, and a large military force went over last night (the 27th) to Fort Moultrie. Thus the authorities of South Carolina, without waiting or asking for any explanations, and doubtless believing, as you have expressed it, that the officer h
Rebellion Record: a Diary of American Events: Documents and Narratives, Volume 1. (ed. Frank Moore), Second letter of the Commissioners to the President. (search)
tle it without collision. You did not reinforce the garrison in the harbor of Charleston. You removed a distinguished and veteran officer from the command of Fort Moultrie because he attempted to increase his supply of ammunition. You refused to send additional troops to the same garrison when applied for by the officer appointe which renders negotiation impossible, &c. Under present circumstances! What circumstances? Why, clearly the occupation of Fort Sumter and the dismantling of Fort Moultrie by Major Anderson, in the face of your pledges, and without explanation or practical disavowal. And there is nothing in the letter which would, or could, haveAnderson, have converted his violation of orders into a legitimate act of your executive authority. Be the issue what it may, of this we are assured, that, if Fort Moultrie has been recorded in history as a memorial of Carolina gallantry, Fort Sumter will live upon the succeeding page as an imperishable testimony of Carolina faith
e orders could be given them to prepare for action. They remained in anxious suspense, but ready for what they believed was sure to come, a volley from Fort Sumter. The Star of the West rounded the point, took the ship channel inside the bar, and proceeded straight forward until opposite Morris Island, about three-quarters of a mile from the battery. A ball was then fired athwart the bows of the steamer. The Star of the West displayed the stars and stripes. As soon as the flag was unfurled the fortification fired a succession of shots. The vessel coutinued on her course with increased speed; but two shots taking effect upon her, she concluded to retire. Fort Moultrie fired a few shots at her, but she was out of their range. The damage done to the Star of the West is trifling, as only two out of seventeen shots took effect upon her. Fort Sumter made no demonstration, except at the port-holes, where the guns were run out bearing on Morris Island. --Charleston Courier, Jan. 10.
ding off rockets, and burning lights until after broad daylight, continuing on her course up nearly two miles ahead of us. When we arrived about two miles from Fort Moultrie, Fort Sumter being about the same distance, a masked battery on Morris Island, where there was a red Palmetto flag flying, opened fire upon us — distance, abougging and stove in the planking, while another came within an ace of carrying away the rudder. At the same time there was a movement of two steamers from near Fort Moultrie, one of them towing a schooner, (I presume an armed schooner,) with the intention of cutting us off. Our position now became rather critical, as we had to approach Fort Moultrie to within three-quarters of a mile before we could keep away for Fort Sumter. A steamer approaching us with an armed schooner in tow, and the battery on the island firing at us all the time, and having no cannon to defend ourselves from the attack of the vessels, we concluded that, to avoid certain capture, or d
f its admirers call it. But there was a middle path between civil war and such an instant recognition as Mr. Buchanan thought advisable. As one charged with the duty of upholding the Federal power, he might have easily used the authority vested in him to delay the movement, and give the Union and South Carolina itself time for reflection. Mr. Cass would, probably, deprecate holding a State by force, but he still declined to remain in the cabinet of the statesman who would not reinforce Fort Moultrie, and assert, during the short remainder of his term of office, the supremacy of the constitution. But as things went the action of South Carolina was predetermined. On the 20th of December that State seceded from the Union by an unanimous vote, and by this time has probably gained possession of all the Federal property within its borders, and established a post-office and customhouse of its own. The instruments which the Carolinians drew up on this occasion are singular and almost amus
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