ize, collodion, water, varnish, etc.; afterwards polished by an agate or between calendering or burnishing cylinders.
A mode of painting in which the colors are laid on or fixed by heat.
The ancient Greek encaustics were executed in wax-colors, which were burned in by a hot iron, and covered with a wax or encaustic varnish.
Pictures in this style were common in Greece and Rome.
(See Smith's Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities. ) The credit to Gausias, of Sicyon, 33 B. C., as the inventor, is rather to be taken as an indication that he was an improver.
Sir Joshua Reynolds, in his attempts to fix his colors durably, mixed wax with them as a vehicle.
On one occasion he placed his painting before a fire to mellow the tints by warming the wax. On returning, he found the lady's face had slipped down over her bosom.
The term encaustic at the present day is mostly confined to colors burnt in on vitreous or ceramic ware.
By the ancient method, according t