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Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 2 2 Browse Search
Titus Livius (Livy), Ab Urbe Condita, books 40-42 (ed. Evan T. Sage, Ph.D. and Alfred C. Schlesinger, Ph.D.) 1 1 Browse Search
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. One form of Greek money, before the introduction of coin, was in skewers, of which six formed a handful. Ancient money. An early gold coin was the Persian darlic e, Fig. 1382, which weighed about 130 grains troy. Silver coins in imitation were struck by Aryandes, governor of Egypt under the Persians, for which act he was condemned to death. Silver is said to have been coined by Phedon of Argos, 750 B. C. Gold by Philip of Macedon, 340 B. C. Servius Tullius coined copper money, 578 B. C. Silver was coined at Athens, 512 B. C.; at Rome, 269 B. C. Iron was coined by Lycurgus, 884 B. C. Plutarch says it required a cart and two oxen to draw the small sum of 10 minae, about $28. It is said that the coin of Philip of Macedon was the first that was alloyed; it was done to harden it, and make it wear better. Coined money was first cited in those portions of the Hebrew Scriptures written after the captivity. The Jews had no coined money of their own till the time of the Mac
ale] being introduced; but at the present day, the laticlave [broad-striped] tunic is beginning to be manufactured into an imitation of the gausapa. Varro [50 B. C.] informs us that he himself was an eyewitness that in the temple of Sancus, the wool was still preserved on the distaff and spindle of Tanaquil [wife of Tarquinius Priscus, 616 B. C., and a native of Etruria], who was also called Caia Caecilia; and he says that the royal waved [watered] toga formerly worn by Servius Tullius [578 B. C.], and now in the temple of Fortuna, was made by her. Tanaquil was the first who wove the straight tunic [tunica recta, woven in a perpendicular loom]. Such as our young people wear with the white toga; newly married women, also. Waved [undulata, watered] garments were first the most esteemed of all, after which those formed of various colors came into vogue. Fenestella informs us that togas with a smooth surface, as well as the Phrygian togas, began to be used in the latter part of the