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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 285 285 Browse Search
George P. Rowell and Company's American Newspaper Directory, containing accurate lists of all the newspapers and periodicals published in the United States and territories, and the dominion of Canada, and British Colonies of North America., together with a description of the towns and cities in which they are published. (ed. George P. Rowell and company) 222 222 Browse Search
Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 67 67 Browse Search
Lucius R. Paige, History of Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1630-1877, with a genealogical register 61 61 Browse Search
Brigadier-General Ellison Capers, Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 5, South Carolina (ed. Clement Anselm Evans) 34 34 Browse Search
Cambridge History of American Literature: volume 3 (ed. Trent, William Peterfield, 1862-1939., Erskine, John, 1879-1951., Sherman, Stuart Pratt, 1881-1926., Van Doren, Carl, 1885-1950.) 27 27 Browse Search
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Harvard Memorial Biographies 26 26 Browse Search
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 2 19 19 Browse Search
Cambridge History of American Literature: volume 2 (ed. Trent, William Peterfield, 1862-1939., Erskine, John, 1879-1951., Sherman, Stuart Pratt, 1881-1926., Van Doren, Carl, 1885-1950.) 18 18 Browse Search
HISTORY OF THE TOWN OF MEDFORD, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, FROM ITS FIRST SETTLEMENT, IN 1630, TO THE PRESENT TIME, 1855. (ed. Charles Brooks) 18 18 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight). You can also browse the collection for 1855 AD or search for 1855 AD in all documents.

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n combined air and steam covered the period 1851-55, and perhaps later. His Cloud Engine, in which he fair of the American Institute, New York, in 1855. The machine appears to have failed to realizeof the engine. In the year now under notice [1855], the old caloric engine was taken out of the Eew recipe500300225 Besley's patent type-metal (1855, England)10030208582 From four to six per cbout one fourth its weight of aluminium, but in 1855 Rose announced to the scientific world that it cted during the siege of Sebastopol in 1854 and 1855 are probably without a parallel in modern histoe, especially at the bombardment of Kinburn, in 1855, and their success probably led to the adoptionsh patents: 2071 of 1853.145 of 1857. 2647 of 1855.1610 of 1863. Lord Cochrane,1818. 3. Absorbe. This arrangement was employed from 1844 to 1855, on the line from Kingston to Dalkey, Ireland, . See Dr. Hooker's Himalayan Journals, London, 1855. The equinoctial and equatorial sun-dials of[3 more...]
ocess in use for banknotes. In that year, however, Perkins effected his valuable improvements in practical engraving. In 1855, electrotype printing was introduced in the Bank of England by Mr. Smee, and since that time the notes have been produced introduced in the French service among the Chasseurs de Vincennes, who used it in Algiers, in the Crimean campaign of 1854-55, and the Italian war of 1859. Bayonets. It is secured to the rifle by a ring in the guard and a spring-catch in the hy in oils in 1825, and by C. B. Mansfield in coal-tar, 1849. The latter was fatally burned while experimenting with it in 1855. Aniline is produced from it, and is the source of the celebrated modern dyes, mauve, magenta, etc. Berga-mot. (Fh the steam-jacket of the pan. The following United States patents may be consulted:— Guiteau1842.Garrison1862. Hull1855.Hull1863. Humphreys1856.Farrar1863. Heims1859.Platt1869. Pratt1862.Gilson1870. Chapin1862.Howarth1871. Brine-pump.
receive a rotary motion during its passage through the bore. Armstrong's first gun was made in 1855, and a patent obtained in 1857. It has been extensively adopted in the British service. It is buter tube of less extensible material, as hard steel, is shrunk. His first English patent was in 1855. The American patent, in which the process here mentioned is described, bears date 1864. Whitworth commenced experimenting about 1855, and his guns underwent a satisfactory test in 1860. The leading peculiarities are a bore which is hexagonal in cross section without grooves, and having a raof light in rendering insoluble the compounds of bichromate of potash and gelatine. Poitevin, in 1855, was the first to use carbon, adopting the bichromate of gelatine as a vehicle, availing himself Babcock, 1854; a sheet carried on a revolvingplaten to plates of successive colors. Sweet, 1855; narrow distributing rollers carrying various inks and laying them in belts on the inkingroller.
lian. The Athenian docks in the Piraeus cost 1,000 talents. They have a design to get the king [Charles II.] to hire a dock for the herring busses to lie up in. — Pepys, 1661. Sir N. Crisp's project of making a great sasse [sluice or lock] in the king's lands about Deptford, to be a wett dock to hold 200 sail of ships. — Ibid, 1662. Of the docks of London: — Pitt laid the foundation-stone of the West-India August 15, 1800; opened in 1802. London docks, built 1802 – 5. Victoria, 1855. The Livcrpool and Birkenhead docks, 1810 – 57. 2. (Harness.) The divided piece forming part of the crupper, through which the horse's tail is inserted. Dock′er. A stamp for cutting and piercing dough in making crackers or sea-biscuit. Doc′tor. A part in a machine for regulating quantity, adjusting, or feeding: — a. (Paper-making.) A steel edge on the pressureroll of a paper-machine to remove any adhering fibers. b. (Steam-engine.) An auxiliary steam-engine to
5, 1873. 142,396D. HugSept. 2, 1873. 2. (d.) Swinging on Centers or Trunnions. *10,084E. H. GrahamOct. 4, 1853. 10,391J. D. GreeneJan. 3, 1854. *11,944E. H. GrahamMay 16, 1854. 12.244A. D. PerryJan. 16, 1855. 12,906H. GrossMay. 22, 1855. 14,819E. SniderMay. 6, 1856. *15,734E. H. GrahamSept. 16, 1856. 17,136G. A. BlittkowskiApr. 28, 1857. 39,270G. R. BaconJuly 21, 1863. 39,455J. S. AdamsAug. 14, 1863. 44,377J. S. AdamsSept. 27, 1864. 45,495H. W. HaydenDec. 20, 1864. in a wooden vessel; this mixture he afterwards placed in pits provided with drains for the water to run off, and then, when dry, molded the mass into cakes of a considerable size. The following United States patents may be consulted: — 13,0561855.44,2621864. 15,6881856.44,9401864. 26,5411859.47,2961865. 35,4721862.50,5881865. 40,7531863.51,8331866. 40,7911863.53,4311866. 40,9201863.55,3691866. 42,1631864.61,0061867. 43,1121864. Fuel-dryer. Fuel-dry′er. A kiln for drying bl
e Singer and other sewing-machines. There are about seventy-eight gages used for determining and verifying dimensions of the parts in the rifle musket, pattern of 1855; its lock, stock, barrel, ramrod, leaf-sight, bayonet, and mountings. Whitworth's contrivance for testing the truth of a solid measure representing an English i purpose it was used by Mr. Osborne in Australia, in Southampton, England, and now very extensively in this country. See photolithography. Poitevin's process, 1855, belongs to this group, and is typical of its kind. He coated the stone with bichromated albumen, and put it through the actinic processes in situ, then inked up sists substantially in uniting numerous small selected masses of uniform density and refracting power into one large mass by pressure while in a plastic state. In 1855, Messrs. Chance of Birmingham exhibited at the Exposition of that year a pair of disks, crown and flint, about an inch larger than those of M. Pfeil. See lens.
y grease to which coloring matter has been added; and a lithographic roller charged with such ink, and rolled over such a plate, speedily reveals the light-produced image. This method was discovered by Poitevin, and patented by him, as early as 1855. The process was not immediately successful, owing to the spongy and delicate nature of gelatine, the difficulty of obtaining intensity in the inking of the depressed portions, and the lack of sharpness. Du Motay and Marechal used a very thin eam of 70 pounds pressure to the square inch. Bonnemain's system was of the low-pressure kind, and this class of heaters has been much improved by Hood; see his Practical Treatise on the Warming of Buildings by Hot Water (London, third edition, 1855). Hood's apparatus for heating (B, Fig. 2593) had several variations, but the main features are similar to those of Bonnemain. It consisted of a boiler a and ascending pipe b c, with branches to each story, regulated by faucets d e. The descen
sides of ships with junk, rawhides, and green timber to the thickness of seven feet, and bomb-proofing the decks. The largest of these vessels was 1,400 tons burden; their armament was 32-pounders, and they were manned by 500 men. They had furnaces for heating shot. These vessels were finally set on fire by red-hot shot. In 1813, Fulton constructed a steam floating-battery for the United States. The first application of iron for this purpose was by the French, during the Crimean war in 1855, to gunboats. These had a displacement of about 2,000 tons, were 172 feet in length, 43 feet beam, and 17 feet deep, protected by 4 1/2-inch plating, and mounted 16 guns, all of which could be fought on one side. They were frequently struck by shot, but received no severe injury. The English at the same time built gunboats very similar in size and construction. As far back, however, as 1842, Mr. Theodore R. Timby had invented an iron-plated turret, adapted either to ships or fortification
ondon Works in 1850 from Mr. Wicksteed's evidence63.8 Engines at the same works before the use of the Cornish engines26.9 Average duty of Cornish engines (Lean, 1854)53.7 Duty of best engine, from Lean, 185477.0 Duty of Cornish engine (Browne, 1855)69.7 Duty of best engine, from Browne, 1855101.4 Pittsburg high-pressure non-condensing engines, 1852: — Upper Water-Works19.9 Lower Water-Works19.1 Allegheny City19.2 Detroit17.3 To which may be added, — Worthington duplex engiled from the first vessel of this construction, built for the United States by Captain John Ericsson, and launched early in 1862. The original Monitor was based on a system proposed by Captain Ericsson to the Emperor Louis Napoleon in 1854. In 1855 Captain Coles of the Royal Navy proposed a system of revolving turrets to the British government, which was adopted after the Monitor had demonstrated the value of the invention. Captain Coles was lost in the iron-clad frigate Captain, a vessel
etc., with nickel for electro deposition. Thomas, 1854, used ferro-cyanide of potassium and nitromuriatic acid to obtain a nickel solution for the battery. In 1855 he used the same, with carbonate of ammonia and oxide of alumina. Cheatley, 1855, deposited alloys of nickel by a battery (British patent 1543, of 1855). An 1855, deposited alloys of nickel by a battery (British patent 1543, of 1855). An alloy of nickel was applied to iron plates by friction and heat by Barron in 1856 Shepard, 1858, deposited an alloy of silver and nickel. The solution is made by adding carbonate of ammonia to a solution of nitrate of silver, then a similar solution of carbonate of nickel in carbonate of ammonia. An anode of one part silver a1855). An alloy of nickel was applied to iron plates by friction and heat by Barron in 1856 Shepard, 1858, deposited an alloy of silver and nickel. The solution is made by adding carbonate of ammonia to a solution of nitrate of silver, then a similar solution of carbonate of nickel in carbonate of ammonia. An anode of one part silver and two parts nickel is used Cyanide of potassium may be used in the battery. Adams, United States patent No. 57, 271, 1866, coats gastips with nickel. Same, 1869, uses solution of sulphate of nickel in solution of sulphite or bisulphite of ammonia. Same, 1869, effects electro deposition by a solution of double sulphate of nic
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