d the military principles applicable thereto.
It was on the point of wastefulness of human life that Dana published in the Sun, and afterwards in the Life of Grant,
Dana and Wilson, Life of General U. S. Grant, p. 430. as well as in his own Recollections,
Dana, Recollections of the Civil War, pp. 210, 211. official tables prepared in the War Department, showing that the National armies in Virginia lost more men killed, wounded, and missing, while under its previous leaders, from May 21, 1861, to May 4, 1864, in their futile efforts to capture the Confederate capital and overthrow the Confederate government, than did the armies operating in Virginia under General Grant from the time he began his campaign on May 4, 1864, till April 9, 1865, when Richmond was in his hands and Lee and his army were prisoners of war. For the first period the aggregate was 143,925; for the second, 124,390.
The difference was something more than two years in time and 19,535 in casualties; and while