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William Schouler, A history of Massachusetts in the Civil War: Volume 2 1,239 1,239 Browse Search
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 467 467 Browse Search
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Massachusetts in the Army and Navy during the war of 1861-1865, vol. 2 184 184 Browse Search
Brigadier-General Ellison Capers, Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 5, South Carolina (ed. Clement Anselm Evans) 171 171 Browse Search
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 33. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones) 159 159 Browse Search
George P. Rowell and Company's American Newspaper Directory, containing accurate lists of all the newspapers and periodicals published in the United States and territories, and the dominion of Canada, and British Colonies of North America., together with a description of the towns and cities in which they are published. (ed. George P. Rowell and company) 156 156 Browse Search
William F. Fox, Lt. Col. U. S. V., Regimental Losses in the American Civil War, 1861-1865: A Treatise on the extent and nature of the mortuary losses in the Union regiments, with full and exhaustive statistics compiled from the official records on file in the state military bureaus and at Washington 102 102 Browse Search
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 30. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones) 79 79 Browse Search
A Roster of General Officers , Heads of Departments, Senators, Representatives , Military Organizations, &c., &c., in Confederate Service during the War between the States. (ed. Charles C. Jones, Jr. Late Lieut. Colonel of Artillery, C. S. A.) 77 77 Browse Search
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Massachusetts in the Army and Navy during the war of 1861-1865, vol. 1, Condensed history of regiments. 75 75 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in Edward Alfred Pollard, The lost cause; a new Southern history of the War of the Confederates ... Drawn from official sources and approved by the most distinguished Confederate leaders.. You can also browse the collection for 1862 AD or search for 1862 AD in all documents.

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Chapter 12: General character of the military events of the year 1862. the Confederate situation in Kentucky. Gen. A. S. Johnston's command and position. battle of Fishing Creek. the Confederate right in Kentucky. Gen. Crittenden's command in extreme straits. difficulty in subsisting it. the decision to give battle to the enemy. Zollicoffer's brigade. the contested hill. death of Zollicoffer. defeat of the Confederates. Crittenden crosses the Cumberland. his losses.Impond.-)defective reconnoissance of the Confederates. their works flanked. the surrender. pursuit of the Confederate gunboats. extent of the disaster. censure of the Richmond authorities. Benjamin accused by the Confederate Congress The year 1862 is a remarkable one in the history of the war. It opened with a fearful train of disasters to the Confederacy that brought it almost to the brink of despair, and then was suddenly illuminated by successes that placed it on the highest pinnacle of
federate defences The series of disasters that befell the Confederates in the early months of 1862, may be distinctly and sufficiently traced to human causes. Instead of being ascribed to the mysow formed the only defence of Richmond. Such was the condition of affairs when the Congress of 1862 took up the thread of Confederate legislation. It at once broke it, and commenced a series of mepirit in the conduct of hostilities. They were to show results in a few months. The campaign of 1862 covered the whole of a huge territory, and could only be decided by movements involving great exprnation of victory and defeat, the point of that grand effulgence of our arms, that made the year 1862 the most memorable in Confederate annals. The Trans-Mississippi.-battle of Elk Horn. We lefrandum furnished by Gen. McClellan, who directed the expedition as part of a general campaign for 1862, were an assault on Newbern, and, if possible, the destruction of the southern line of railroad t
action of two Virginia regiments. close of the Valley campaign. Jackson's almost marvellous success. his halt at Weyer's Cave In the first part of the year 1862, the Federal Government, with plans fully matured, had under arms about six hundred thousand men; more than one-third of whom were operating in the direction of Ri Washington had increased to 193,142, fit for duty, with a grand aggregate of 221,987. Such was the heavy and perilous force of the enemy that, in the spring of 1862, hung on the northern frontier of Virginia. Let us see what was in front of it on the Confederate line of defence. Gen. Joseph E. Johnston had in the camps of Ceage manner and decisive action, that obtained the confidence of his men instead of exciting criticism, or alarming their suspicions. In the first winter months of 1862, he had determined to change his line on the Potomac. All idea of offensive operations on it had long ago been abandoned. It had become necessary in Gen. Johnsto
. terrible slaughter at College Hill. the Confederates repulsed. affair on the Hatchie River. Van Dorn's retreat. review of the summer and autumn campaigns of 1862. glory of the Confederate arms. reflection of the London times on the New nationality. While the events we have related in the two preceding chapters were taeracy fairly on its flanks, could operate with impunity upon numberless points, divide our forces, and open a new prospect of subjugation. When in the summer of 1862, Gen. Earl Van Dorn was assigned to the defence of Vicksburg, he found the city besieged by a powerful fleet of war vessels, and an army. Many of the citizens retence a similar feeling when it was known that Bragg had retreated through the Cumberland Mountains. These were the two turning-points of the autumn campaigns of 1862. Whatever the territorial results of these campaigns, their moral effect was great, and the position of the Confederates was now very different from what it had b
fidelity of the Confederate States West of the Mississippi River About the close of the year 1862, two heavy battles were fought on the two main theatres of the war, Virginia and Tennessee, and w was undoubtedly designed at Washington as a coup daetat, with reference to the fall elections of 1862, and influenced by the argument that a time when the Administration party was incurring defeat inand the fortifications at Vicksburg. Such was the situation in the West at the close of the year 1862, when Bragg confronted Rosecrans, and prepared for an important battle, likely to decide the fateother quarters of the war less important than Virginia and Tennessee, the latter part of the year 1862 was without considerable interest. Since the commands of Price and Van Dorn had moved east of thsults of no little importance to the country of the Trans-Mississippi. In the latter months of 1862, Maj.-Gen. T. C. Hindman was commanding what was known as the District of Arkansas. Lieut.-Gen. H
the Confederacy. effect of the proclamation in the North. analysis of the Northern elections of 1862. the Democratic protest; against President Lincoln's administration. speech of Mr. Cox in the Fete triumph of the Confederates. the prestige of Monitors destroyed The beginning of the year 1862-when the heavy operations of the war on land were suspended by the rigour of winter-presents a cony of the States. President Lincoln, as we have already seen, had been advised, in the summer of 1862, that McClellan disapproved of any infraction of the laws of civilized and Christian warfare; thaguide and glory of heroic sacrifice. It is remarkable that President Lincoln, in the summer of 1862, gave no distinct and decided evidence that this plan of action was obnoxious to him. His course and populous States of the North. The States in which the party gained in the fall elections of 1862 contained a majority of the Free State population; had two-thirds of the wealth of the North; and
er correspondents on the field. His habit of twisting his head, and interpolating Sir in all his remarks was humorously described in the Charleston Mercury. At a later period of his military career, when he made his terrible wintry march in 1861-2, from Winchester to Bath and Romney, and became involved in differences with Gen. Loring, it was actually reported that he was insane. A colonel came to Richmond with the report that Jackson had gone mad; that his mania was that a familiar spirit bscure quarrel was yet to carve out the most brilliant name in the war. The fame of Jackson was first secured, and permanently erected in the popular heart, by his splendid and ever-memorable campaign in the valley of Virginia, in the spring of 1862. In that campaign, as we have seen, in the period of three weeks, he fought four battles; recovered Winchester; captured four thousand prisoners; secured several million dollars' worth of stores; chased Banks' army out of Virginia and across the
road through the blockade during the war, as the termination of the struggle revealed a very small portion of the thirty millions, at first held by the banks, as still in their possession. The suspension of the banks early in the winter of 1861-1862 was not from any inability to protect their circulation. This latter had recently gone down very much in amount; and the banks were abundantly able to provide for it. The suspension was resorted to for the purpose of preventing the drain of specivaried from twelve to twenty. It afterwards, as we shall see, fell much lower. It must be observed, however, that these brokers' rates, were invariably a long period in advance of the rates acted upon in the interiour. As late as the summer of 1862, Confederate money was taken at par in the settlement of all transactions originating before the war and made the basis of the general transactions of the country at the old rate of prices. The brokers' rates were either unknown to the people or
arties in the North, and the elections there of this year were in remarkable contrast to those of 1862. It is significant of the little virtue of all the political organizations of the North during tot wholly occupied by the enemy was at the time of the passage of the first act of conscription (1862) as follows, giving only fractions of the population for those States partially overrun by the enhere were magical salvation in it, and hoarding this inert wealth of the South. In the fall of 1862, a party properly vouched for proposed, for an equivalent in cotton, to deliver thirty thousand hand in Tennessee. A statement was made in the bureau of subsistence, that the supply of hogs for 1862 would be about one hundred thousand short of the supply for the preceding year, and that the supp be shown by the following reply to one of his calls for information about the close of the year 1862: It will be observed that the President, through Gen. Smith, calls for information on three
e House, and his reserve massed in rear of his left, and Richmond somewhat behind his left flank. Lee was posted from Atlee's Station, extending on his left to Gaines' Mill, with outposts as far as Coal Harbour. His position conformed to that of 1862; and, indeed, the whole Confederate line of battle was on ground occupied by both the armies at that time. On falling back to Richmond it had been the first concern of Gen. Lee to secure positions he knew, from the battles of 1862, to be good o1862, to be good ones. He, accordingly, sent forward to the right Kershaw's and Hoke's divisions of Anderson's corps, with orders to occupy the eminences around Gaines' Mill and Cold Harbour. This position had been previously carried by some Federal cavalry. But on arrival of Bloke's division, shortly afterwards reinforced by McLaws', the Confederates obtained possession of the desired posts. At the same time Breckinridge and Mahone, of Hill's corps, were equally successful in gaining certain advanced positi
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