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ch a command. With some reinforcements from the Southwest and levies of Georgia militia, Gen. Hood had now under his command an effective force of forty-one thousand infantry and artillery, and ten thousand cavalry. With reference to other Confederate forces in the field, his army was a large one, although it gave him but little margin for fanciful attacks and useless sacrifice of life. The battles of Atlanta. As Sherman approached Atlanta, two of his corps had swung around upon the Augusta road, destroying this line of communication, while Thomas took his command across Peach Tree Creek, directly in front of the Confederate entrenchments. While the enemy's right on the creek was in marching column, Hood, in the afternoon of the 20th July, directed an attack upon it, designing to take advantage of a gap between two of its divisions. The attack was led by Walker's and Bates' divisions of Hardee's corps; and the massed troops, in admirable order, burst through the gap in the
of militia at Griswoldsville.Kilpatrick's demonstration on Augusta. statement of Confederate forces there. Sherman's march Sherman was ready to commence his march, threatening both Augusta and Macon. On the night of the 15th the torch was appliedrch directly east, on the railroad leading from Atlanta to Augusta, destroying it as he went. Two columns of cavalry-one to both oats and corn. Slocum continued to move out on the Augusta line, destroying the railroad as he advanced, until he reaed at the capital of Georgia, after having threatened both Augusta and Macon, thus confounding the Confederates as to his intd; while Kilpatrick's cavalry continued to operate towards Augusta, advancing as far as Waynesboroa, to create the impression of a heavy movement upon Augusta. There had been concentrated at this city some Confederate militia, two or three South Caro bar the way. While Kilpatrick demonstrated savagely upon Augusta, Sherman marched rapidly on Millen, reaching it on the 2d
, there were but two days rations for Lee's army in Richmond. On the 23d June, when Wilson and Kautz cut the Danville Railroad, which was not repaired for twenty-three days, there were only thirteen days rations on hand for Gen. Lee's army, and to feed it the Commissary General had to offer market rates for wheat, then uncut or shocked in the field-thereby incurring an excess of expenditure, which, if invested in corn and transportation, would have moved ten millions of bread rations from Augusta to Richmond. At the opening of the campaign, Gen. Lee had urged the importance of having at least thirty days reserves of provisions at Richmond and at Lynchburg. We have just seen how impossible it was to meet his views. It is a curious commentary on the alleged cruelty of Confederates to their prisoners, that in the winter of 1863-4, our entire reserve in Richmond of thirty thousand barrels of flour was consumed by Federal prisoners of war, and the bread taken from the mouths of our
e line of the Salkahatchie taken. Slocum threatens Augusta. junction of the two columns in the vicinity of thbia. disposition of the Confederate forces between Augusta and Charleston. why Columbia was not defended. gathe Savannah at Sister's Ferry, and move up towards Augusta. The design of this disposition of forces was to c's real objective point, and divide their forces at Augusta from those at Charleston and its vicinity, under ths left wing had struck the road further up, towards Augusta, and had also commenced the work of destruction. d Edisto Rivers, and had now the choice of going to Augusta or Charleston. He declined both places. In his of corps of Cheatham and Stewart, had been brought to Augusta, to find that Sherman had given the cold shoulder tCharlotte, whither Cheatham was making his way from Augusta to join them. Capture of Fort Fisher-fall of Wilhad been reinforced by Cheatham and the garrison at Augusta, and had had ample time to move in the direction of
nded by Gen. Howell Cobb, with a small force, mostly militia. Within thirteen miles of the town, he was met by a flag of truce bearing the following communication: Headquarters Department of Tennessee and Georgia, Macon, April 20, 1865. To the Commanding General of the United States Forces: General: I have just received from Gen. G. T. Beauregard, my immediate commander, a telegraphic dispatch of which the following is a copy: Greensboroa, April 19, 1865. Via Columbia April 19th, via Augusta April 20th. Maj.-Gen. H. Cobb: Inform General commanding enemy's forces in your front, that a truce for the purpose of a final settlement was agreed upon yesterday between Gens. Johnston and Sherman applicable to all forces under their commands. A message to that effect from Gen. Sherman will be sent him as soon as practicable. The contending forces are to occupy their present position, forty-eight hours notice being given of a resumption of hostilities. G. T. Beauregard, General