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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 279 279 Browse Search
George P. Rowell and Company's American Newspaper Directory, containing accurate lists of all the newspapers and periodicals published in the United States and territories, and the dominion of Canada, and British Colonies of North America., together with a description of the towns and cities in which they are published. (ed. George P. Rowell and company) 90 90 Browse Search
Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 48 48 Browse Search
Francis Jackson Garrison, William Lloyd Garrison, 1805-1879; the story of his life told by his children: volume 2 37 37 Browse Search
Lucius R. Paige, History of Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1630-1877, with a genealogical register 34 34 Browse Search
Cambridge History of American Literature: volume 3 (ed. Trent, William Peterfield, 1862-1939., Erskine, John, 1879-1951., Sherman, Stuart Pratt, 1881-1926., Van Doren, Carl, 1885-1950.) 26 26 Browse Search
HISTORY OF THE TOWN OF MEDFORD, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, FROM ITS FIRST SETTLEMENT, IN 1630, TO THE PRESENT TIME, 1855. (ed. Charles Brooks) 24 24 Browse Search
Margaret Fuller, Memoirs of Margaret Fuller Ossoli (ed. W. H. Channing) 23 23 Browse Search
Benjamin Cutter, William R. Cutter, History of the town of Arlington, Massachusetts, ormerly the second precinct in Cambridge, or District of Menotomy, afterward the town of West Cambridge. 1635-1879 with a genealogical register of the inhabitants of the precinct. 22 22 Browse Search
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 2 22 22 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in The Cambridge of eighteen hundred and ninety-six: a picture of the city and its industries fifty years after its incorporation (ed. Arthur Gilman). You can also browse the collection for 1840 AD or search for 1840 AD in all documents.

Your search returned 13 results in 8 document sections:

owth of the town which were made in the early days of our independence have already been described. They were upon a scale of magnitude which, when we consider the circumstances under which they were accomplished, was surprising. Bridges, avenues and streets, turnpikes, and canals, all were directly in that interest. The population in 1790 was 2115. In 1810, notwithstanding the fact that Brighton and West Cambridge had in the mean time been set off, the census showed 2323 inhabitants. In 1840, there were 8409, and in 1850 there were 15,215. There must have been therefore in Cambridge in 1846 six times as many inhabitants as there were in Cambridge, Brighton, and West Cambridge in 1790. This growth was at a rate nearly three times that of the State at large during the same period. This prosperity resulted from protracted peace, and freedom from great political excitement. For many years after the organization of the state government there were but few events which interfered wi
visible in the sketch is the only one of these yet remaining, having survived its good looks, if it ever had any, and very nearly survived its usefulness. The rooms now occupied as the waiting-room of the West End Railway were then the bar-room and rear parlor of the Cambridge hotel; the two rooms being connected by a sliding panel, through which the host thrust any potations demanded by the guests in the parlor. There was held, in the rear room, I remember, a moderately convivial spread in 1840, given by the speakers at an exhibition,—a sort of intermediate Commencement Day, long since discontinued,—in which I, as the orator of the day, was supposed to take a leading part, although in fact I only contributed towards the singing, the speaking, and the payment of the bills. At that time the population of the whole town had expanded to 8409, rather more than one third of this being .in what is now Ward One. It is hard to convey an impression of the smallness of the then Cambridge i
wburyport in 1851, Springfield in 1852, Lawrence in 1853, Fall River in 1854, and so the list has lengthened, year by year. With the exception of the three early ventures of Boston, Salem, and Lowell, the era of Massachusetts municipalities may be said to have begun in 1846. The rapid increase in the population and property of Cambridge in the years immediately preceding the adoption of the charter was the main reason for the change in its form of government. From the national census of 1840 to the assessors' census of 1845 there had been an increase of 48 per cent. in the population,—a larger percentage than is recorded in any other five-year period of the history of Cambridge. With this remarkable growth in population there had also been an increase of 32 per cent. in the town's valuation. In 1845, the administrative methods of the old town-meeting form of government were strained to meet the community needs of 12,490 people, and even then these needs were inadequately suppli
nomy, and for fifty years Professor Lovering gave lectures on both of these sciences. He was a striking figure in the university, and a marked example of the school of college professors which once flourished in all American colleges,—professors whose elaborate lectures were characterized by literary skill and dominated by philosophy. This school is now fast passing away and giving place to one composed of men who are devoted to laboratory teaching. The professors of chemistry also, before 1840, taught mainly by lectures and text-books, and the university owes much to the labors of Professor Josiah Parsons Cooke, who developed the laboratory teaching of chemistry in Harvard College. The Scientific School, too, has done much for chemical science. It was there that Dr. Wolcott Gibbs trained a remarkable band of investigators who are now teaching their science in many universities. It will be seen from this rapid and incomplete enumeration of the scientific men who have given our
y, the strength of those who needed it. The students of Cambridge in 1826 complained that they were fatigued and sometimes overcome, rather than invigorated, at the gymnasium, and were unfit for study for some hours afterward. The final result of this attempt to introduce this system of exercises into our colleges, schools, and cities was a general failure. Colonel Higginson speaks of this gymnasium on the Delta as being in existence in 1830, but thinks there was nothing left of it by 1840, and he is sure that when he graduated in 1841 there was nothing like a gymnasium existing in Cambridge. In 1843 or 1844, a private gymnasium was established back of Wyeth's store on Brattle Street, in an old building which formerly stood where Lyceum Hall now is, originally used as a court-house. It may be interesting to note that this building forms part of the rear of the Whitney building on Palmer Street, where forty years later (in 1883) the writer opened a gymnasium for the studen
elopment. It is not, therefore, so very surprising after all,—the metamorphosis that came to the Latin Grammar School on Garden Street, Corlett's old school, in 1840, for in that year it was divided, the boys remaining on Garden Street and the girls going to the Auburn School, in School Court, now known as Farwell Place, the scof the boys; and this school during its brief existence was known as the Auburn Female High School, although there were also in it misses of lower grades. From 1840 to 1845 the girls of Old Cambridge fared better than the boys so far as secondary instruction was concerned; but the citizens chafing somewhat under the disadvantaf his committee, the schools, and the public. It is usually understood that the first superintendent of schools in Massachusetts was appointed in Springfield in 1840. Cambridge records show, however, that the town warrant of March 17, 1836, contained an article with reference to employing a superintendent of schools, that the
ding covering thirty-five thousand square feet of land on Franklin Street, Cambridgeport. The business was established in 1840. Charles A. Morss was admitted to the firm in 1845, and since 1868 has been the sole partner. The concern was removed to ring firm now doing business in Cambridge at this time, B. P. Clark & Co. Mr. Clark was a salesman for Douglass from 1840 to 1848; in the latter year he started in business for himself on Franklin Street, Cambridgeport. In 1862 lie moved to Mathis city, gathering the material from house to house, which was a custom followed by every soap-maker at that time. In 1840, by dint of zeal and earnest effort, he opened a factory of some pretensions, and in 1850 he was the sole proprietor of thachines specially designed for the work are run by steam power. H. M. Sawyer & Son. This business was established in 1840 by Mr. B. D. Moody, and between that date and 1877 it was conducted by Pettingill & Blodgett, Pettingill, Moody & Blodgett
dgeport gymnasium, 171; growth of interest in physical development in the United States, 171; students of physical training at Harvard, 172; influence on the youth of Cambridge, 172, 173; the college offers the use of its grounds to the city, 173. Pine Swamp Field, 4. Pointers, 60. Police Department, 405. Police force, 316. Ponema Tribe, Red Men, 293. Poor's House, the, 17, 276. Population, in 1680, 10; in 1750, 17; in 1765, 17; in 1776, 17, 29; in 1790, 32; in 1810, 32; in 1840, 32; in 1850, 32; in 1895, 59; comparative statement of, 319. Population, density of, 131. Port Bill, 22. Port chucks, 38. Porters, 60. Porter's Tavern. 37. Prescott, Col. William, 49. Printing-press, the first, 8; productions of, 8. Prison Point Bridge, 29. Private Schools in Cambridge, 208-217. Professors' Row (Kirkland Street), 36, 37, 41. Prospect Union, object, 265; name, 265; begins work in the Prospect House, 265; leaders, 265; outgrows its quarters, 265; occ