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Biographical sketches. General Wm. Buel Franklin Was born in York, Pa., February 27, 1823; graduating at West Point in June, 1843, he was assigned to the corps of topographical engineers. IInfantry, and three days later was commissioned brigadier general, United States volunteers. Gen. Franklin commanded a brigade in Heintzelman's division at Bull Run. During the period of organizatiol's corps. The division was detached in April, 1862, and joined McClellan before Yorktown. Gen. Franklin commanded at West Point near the mouth of the Pamunkey, May 6, 1862, and during this month occupying northern Louisiana. He was with Gen. Banks at Sabine. Cross Roads; in this battle Gen. Franklin was wounded, and had two horses shot under him. It was he who conducted the retreat to Alexa wound, he was absent on sick leave. During this period Gen. Grant urged the appointment of Gen. Franklin to the command of the middle military division. The general, who retired from the service in
of 1861 in Fairfax County, Virginia to Broad Run with McDowell roster of Gen. Franklin's Division The name of the literature of the great Civil War is Legion. become like nerves of steel,—at last to conquer. We had been assigned to Gen. Franklin's division, which was then lying about four miles northwest of Alexandria, the two long parallel sides, infantry and cavalry, the southern; presently Gen. Franklin and staff passed our front, within the rectangle moving around the front of of Heintzelman, near Fairfax Seminary; McDowell's and Keyes's on the right of Franklin; then Porter's, and on his right, McCall's. East of the Blue Ridge there were s old division, now commanded by Gen. King, and of the divisions of McCall and Franklin. So we became a part of the First Army Corps, which, now that it had been det, we were near Cloud's Mills and approaching Alexandria. Roster. Gen. W. B. Franklin's Division. Autumn and winter of 1861. Cavalry. Col. Mcwilliams
ed from Washington. His force must have been 100,000 strong, for 58,000 preceded him to Fortress Monroe, and as many more soon followed. When he was ready to open fire, May 4, it was found Magruder had retired. The division commanded by Gen. Wm. B. Franklin, during the brief period after our arrival at Ship Point, had not moved out to take position in the line of the besieging force. Our battery had been occupied much as an artillery company in camp is wont to be: there were battery drillslating the withdrawal of that army to augment the already large force which, drawn from the seaboard and elsewhere in Virginia, he concentrated, with Johnson's army for a nucleus, in front of Richmond. Roster. Sixth Army Corps. Maj. Gen. William B. Franklin, Commanding. In the Peninsula Campaign, 1862. First Division. Maj. Gen. H. W. Slocum, Commanding. First Brigade.—Col. A. T. A. Torbert, 1st, 2d, 3d, and 4th New Jersey Volunteers. Second Brigade.—Col. J. J. Bartlett, 16
ng our rear so persistently yesterday. His plan is, to push across White Oak Creek, through the swamp, and unite with Longstreet and Hill, who are making the detour of the swamp, hoping to reach the junction of the New Market and Quaker roads and intercept McClellan. How to prevent the consummation of the plans of these Confederate chieftains was McClellan's problem. His extreme advance had reached the James, this morning; the artillery, much of it, was parked on Malvern Hill. Leaving Franklin, with the divisions of Smith and Richardson, and Naglee's brigade, and artillery under Capt. Ayres, to guard the passage of the swamp, he hurried the remainder of his army along the Quaker road. Our command has evidently been waiting with others, until the movement had made such progress as to render it practicable for other bodies to be set in motion. Fortune favored McClellan, for when Jackson reached White Oak Creek, the bridge was destroyed, and batteries on the south side effectual
berland Valley, we should not be resting here. Our corps is being led by our old commander, Gen. Franklin. There seem to be no other troops along our line of march; probably the other corps have punot this superb! We turned and beheld the speaker, Lieut. Col. Platt, U. S. A., riding with Gen. Franklin and his staff. The eyes of the general and of all his suite were bent in admiration upon tht they rallied in the wood. It was now one o'clock, P. M.; at this moment of extreme need Gen. Franklin arrived with Smith's and Slocum's divisions of the Sixth Corps, and their artillery. We hadoured a storm of shot into the opposing lines, driving them back from their foremost position. Franklin now sent his batteries forward in the cornfield; they blazed away upon the woods in front and rry at this stage was countermanded, because of a message from Gen. Sumner to McClellan, that if Franklin went on and was repulsed, his own corps was not sufficiently organized to be depended upon as a
ign that was to open on the morrow. We were to turn in our dress uniforms, all extra blankets and clothing, reserving only a change of shirts and stockings. We were to use knapsack or valise thus relieved to carry five days rations of bread, (as many days' rations of meat were to follow us in shape of beef creatures,) and we were to take three days supply of bread and meat in our haversacks. Roster. Sixth Army Corps. December 13, 1862. Right of the Left Grand Division.—Maj. Gen. W. B. Franklin, Commanding. Sixth Corps.—Maj. Gen. W. F. Smith, Commanding. First Division. Brig. Gen. W. T. H. Brooks, Commanding. First Brigade.—Col. A. T. A. Torbert, Commanding, 1st, 2d, 3d, 4th, 15th, and 23d New Jersey Volunteers. Second Brigade.—Brig. Gen. J. J. Bartlett, Commanding, 27th, 16th, 121st New York, 5th Maine, and 96th Pennsylvania. Third Brigade.—Col. G. W. Towne, Commanding, 18th, 31st, and 32d New York, and 95th Pennsylvania. Artillery. Williston's
ens at Libby or Salisbury, and captured the outer defences of Richmond. Gen. Sheridan in command had reached the vicinity of Cold Harbor on his return. We crossed the Pamunkey at Hanovertown, and moved across the peninsula, the old campaign ground of 1862, toward the Chickahominy. As we remarked in an early chapter, we struck camp on the 29th on the road from White House to Cold Harbor, on the same ground where we bivouacked in the summer of 1862 when marching up the peninsula under Gen. Franklin. We moved forward on the 30th, preceded by two divisions of cavalry under Gen. Sheridan; such portion of the enemy as had gathered in this region was pushed steadily back, after more or less resistance, as upon the previous day. On the 31st of May the cavalry divisions entered Cold Harbor. On the morrow, as we lay east of Cold Harbor, where we had come to a halt, upon an open tract of very irregular surface,— hummocks and knolls abounding, interspersed with ravines, bare, save a str
ille ..... 26, 166 Early, Gen. J. A. 94, 95, 107, 159, 161, 167 East Virginia ... 103, 104, et seq. Edward's Ferry ........ 17 Emancipation Proclamation .. 100 Emory, Gen. W. H. 168, 169, 176-179 Eighth Corps, 168, 169, 170, 174, 176, 178, 179. Fair Oaks .......... 39 French, Gen. ... 39, 53, 108, 143, 145 Fauquier County ....... 132 Fauquier Springs (sulphur) ... 135 First Corps .... 27, 94, 124 Fisher's Hill ... 170, 177, 178, 179 Fredericksburg .......93, 97 Franklin, Gen. Wm. B ... 9, 22, 78 Fifth Corps, 48, 52, 124, 143, 144, 149, 151 Fraser's Farm ........ 56 Fortress Monroe ....... 68 Gaines' Farm .....38, 43, 51, 53 Gaines' Mill ........ 51-53 Gettysburg, Battle of .... 127-129 Map of Vicinity ... Facing page 127 Grand Divisions ......89, 90 Grand Reviews ...... 21, 149 Grant, Gen. U. S. 149-151, 153, 162, 163, 166, 168, 169, 172. Halltown ...... 167, 69, 171 Hancock, Gen. W. S.. 35, 109, 124, 153 Harper's Ferry ..... 77