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Preface. The author takes this earliest opportunity, to gratefully acknowledge his indebtedness to Comrade John W. Bell, for valuable material contributed by him to the first and last chapters of this work; to Comrades Bussey and Kenney, for interesting matter furnished; to Comrades S. H. Reynolds, D. W. Ellis, and others, whose active sympathy and warm interest have materially aided him; to Gen. H. W. Slocum, whose kind letter of recognition of the services of our company appears in this volume; and to Comrade Keefe, of the Grand Army record, for the favorable notice of the forthcoming of this history.
ion. The general, who retired from the service in 1865, resides at Hartford, Conn. General Henry Warner Slocum Was born at Pompey, New York, September 24, 1827. He entered West Point Military ice of law at Syracuse, N. Y. He was a member of the New York House of Representatives in 1859. Slocum was one of the first to tender his services to the general government at the outbreak of the Rebgagement on the left at South Mountain; and at Antietam, three days later, the timely arrival of Slocum's and Smith's commands of the Sixth Corps without doubt saved to the Federals the fortunes of the Twelfth Corps was afterwards transferred to the Army of the Cumberland, and in April, 1864, Gen. Slocum was assigned to the command of the district of Vicksburg. September 2, 1864, the Twentieth Corps, the advance of Sherman's army commanded by Gen. Slocum, was the first to enter Atlanta; thenceforth he participated in all the engagements of the march to the sea, and of the northward mov
burg pike, a brigade commanded by Gen. Newton located along the pike north of the seminary, and a brigade commanded by Gen. Slocum lying northeast of Newton's brigade, and north of the pike, the camp of its nearest regiment, the Sixteenth New York Vediate vicinity of Newton's brigade, a battery of regulars, D, Second U. S. Artillery, lying near the pike, and opposite, Slocum's brigade. This battery was located upon a plain, which the road from Alexandria reaches shortly after it crosses the ruAlexandria. The First Massachusetts Battery encamped in a piece of woods on the east side of this run and at the left of Slocum's brigade. In this camp, which was named Revere, we remained until winter. Our drill-ground was on the plain beyond New of 1861. Cavalry. Col. Mcwilliams, 1st New York Volunteers (Lincoln Cavalry). Infantry. First Brigade.—Gen. H. W. Slocum, 16th New York, 27th New York, 5th Maine, 96th Pennsylvania. Second Brigade.—Gen. Jno. Newton, 18th New York, 31
art of an ostentatious movement of troops, designed to convey the idea that Jackson was to be reinforced in the valley; while really Gen. Lee was contemplating the withdrawal of that army to augment the already large force which, drawn from the seaboard and elsewhere in Virginia, he concentrated, with Johnson's army for a nucleus, in front of Richmond. Roster. Sixth Army Corps. Maj. Gen. William B. Franklin, Commanding. In the Peninsula Campaign, 1862. First Division. Maj. Gen. H. W. Slocum, Commanding. First Brigade.—Col. A. T. A. Torbert, 1st, 2d, 3d, and 4th New Jersey Volunteers. Second Brigade.—Col. J. J. Bartlett, 16th and 27th New York, 5th Maine, and 96th Pennsylvania. Third Brigade.—Brig. Gen. John Newton, 18th, 31st, and 32d New York Volunteers, and 95th Pennsylvania (Gosline Zouaves). Artillery. Platt's D, 2d United States, 6 Napoleons. Porter's A, Massachusetts, 4 10-pd. Parrotts, and 2 12-pd. Howitzers. Hexamer's A, New Jersey, 4 10-p<
he base of the mountain, lines of infantry, ranged across the road which winds up the declivity through the gap, were pushed up the side. Bartlett's brigade of Slocum's division, comprising the Fifth Maine, Sixteenth and Twenty-seventh New York, and Ninety-sixth Pennsylvania, was upon the right of the road, companies from thesefell back in some confusion; yet they rallied in the wood. It was now one o'clock, P. M.; at this moment of extreme need Gen. Franklin arrived with Smith's and Slocum's divisions of the Sixth Corps, and their artillery. We had come through the gap, over to Keedysville, across the Antietam at that place, arrived between twelve ments, went forward on the run, cheering vociferously, fell upon the troops in the wood in their front, and in less than a quarter of an hour cleared and held it. Slocum's Maine, New York, Pennsylvania, and Wisconsin regiments, were sent forward along the slopes lying under the first ranges of the hills occupied by the Confederate
; Aquia Creek his base of supplies, Fredericksburg his first objective point, and ultimately a forward movement along the air-line road to Richmond. The delays of the next twenty-three days gave the enemy ample time to disturb these plans of the Federal commander. The Sixth Corps moved obliquely to the southeast from the vicinity of New Baltimore; the First Division, to which our company had always been attached, was now commanded by Gen. Brooks, a stern disciplinarian and able soldier, Gen. Slocum having succeeded to the command of the Twelfth Corps. The division artillery organization remained substantially the same; but Company D, Second U. S., the one regular army battery of the four attached to this division, was in charge of Lieut. Williston. Our battery commander had not yet received his captain's commission, though a vacancy existed by the resignation of Capt. Porter. Lieut. Federhen was our junior first, and Lieutenants Sawin and Greene (the latter raised from the ranks b
s upon the north side, magnified their numbers to the enemy; and in the meanwhile the bulk of the First Corps departed from this vicinity, to join the force that confronted Lee. Through the afternoon of this day there was little change in our situation. We were lying in wait. Gen. Sedgwick was alone in command. In the meanwhile the bulk of the Federal army, consisting of the Eleventh Corps, Gen. Howard; a division of the Third, Sickles, which had arrived from our vicinity; the Twelfth, Gen. Slocum, comprising the right; and the Second, Gen. Couch, with the Fifth, Gen. Meade, on the left, had been engaged with the enemy, with varying fortune, at Chancellorsville, west of Fredericksburg, at the junction of the Gordonsville pike and the Orange, C. H., plank road. The Eleventh Corps had been routed by a determined attack of Jackson's force, but his advance had been checked by parts of the Second and Third Corps, the artillery under Capt. Best, and 500 cavalry and horse artillery und
Second Corps (Gen. Hancock arriving on the previous afternoon, giving strength to the position and confidence to the forces by his presence), the Twelfth Corps (Gen. Slocum having arrived in the evening of the 1st of July, being at that moment the senior general), the Eleventh Corps and Wadsworth's division of the First. Hill's Co Richmond, which had been found upon a captured courier, showed that Lee could hope for no more reinforcements. The short summer night sped, and at daylight, Gen. Slocum's corps having returned to the right, and with their return commenced the operation of dislodging the Confederates from Culp's Hill, this was accomplished before ten o'clock, by Gen. Slocum's troops and Wadsworth's division of the First Corps. Gen. Lee now withdrew his sharpshooters and all his infantry from the town. The retirement of these troops to Seminary Ridge was doubtless intended to allure Meade from his advantageous position. The stratagem failed. The Confederate retreat from
rand review of cavalry and artillery took place, on which occasion General Barry, chief of artillery, complimented Captain Porter on the drill and discipline of the battery, which he placed on the right of line of twenty full batteries assembled. President Lincoln and General McClellan were also present, the President remarking to the general, That, pointing to Porter's battery, is the best battery on the field. When the Union army advanced into Virginia, Porter's battery was assigned to Slocum's division of the grand old Sixth Corps, with whose glorious record the history of the battery is inseparably connected. It subsequently took a prominent part in the siege and fall of Yorktown, and in the battle of West Point. After the retreat of the enemy beyond the Chickahominy Porter's battery took position at Mechanicsville, within view of the steeples of Richmond. During the seven days battle (which marked the celebrated change of base) the battery had hot work to perform. At the b
.... 72 Rodes, Gen.....165, 171, 175 Rosters .....13, 42, 47, 105, 128 Russell, Gen. D. A ... 138, 175 Salem ...........87 Salem Church ....... 109 Scouse ......... 68 Second Corps .... 124, 143, 153 Sedgwick, Gen. John . 39, 111, 112, 152 Seven Pines ........40 Sharpsburg .......78, 81 Shenandoah Valley ... 165, 176 Sheridan, Gen. P. H. 155, 168, 169, 170, 172, 189. Sickles, Gen. Daniel ..106, 107, 122 Signal Station ........ 170 Slave Pen .......... 31 Slocum, Gen. H. W. .. 11, 12, 22, 45, 50, 52, 59, 60, 79, 107, 124, 125. Snicker's Gap. .. 164, 165 South Mountain.. 78 Spottsylvania.. 151-153 Stevensburg .. 152 Strasburg...166, 170, 178 Stuart, Gen. J. E. B. .. 26, 94 Sutlers. .. 135 Sumner, Gen. E. V. . 27, 35, 39, 78, 89 Tenallytown .. 72, 166 Third Corps .. 122, 138, 143 Thoroughfare Gap .. 70, 87 Three Top Mountain .. 170, 177 Thoburn, Col. . 165, 176 Tompkins, Col. Chas. H. . 129, 175 Tumbling Run .. 17