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Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 4, Chapter 44: Secession.—schemes of compromise.—Civil War.—Chairman of foreign relations Committee.—Dr. Lieber.—November, 1860April, 1861. (search)
generously that one with Seward's large and varied powers could, if kept under proper control and oversight, be made very useful to the country; and Seward continued to hold his place securely. The secret of the correspondence was well kept, not being revealed during the lifetime of the parties to it. Mr. Lincoln intervened at times to amend by interlineations and erasures the official papers of the Secretary of State, often crude and extravagant,—notably one of the earliest, that of May 21, 1861, to Adams, portions of which, written it is said under irritation, were phrased with an exasperating bluntness, and certain directions were lacking in diplomatic prudence. Nicolay and Hay's Life of Lincoln, vol. IV. pp. 269-277, Sumner was in Washington when this despatch was under consideration, and it is likely that the President advised with him concerning its modification. There was unfortunately in the critical period of 1861-1862 a conviction prevailing in England that Seward
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 4, Chapter 48: Seward.—emancipation.—peace with France.—letters of marque and reprisal.—foreign mediation.—action on certain military appointments.—personal relations with foreigners at Washington.—letters to Bright, Cobden, and the Duchess of Argyll.—English opinion on the Civil War.—Earl Russell and Gladstone.—foreign relations.—1862-1863. (search)
ing through the kingdom, made English capital almost a unit against our cause. 3. The Morrill tariff act of 1861 was a fresh grievance. Lord Russell, in his first interview with Mr. Adams, May 18, 1861, touched upon the high protective tariff recently enacted; and Mr. Adams assured him that it was intended rather for revenue than for protection, and that if it failed in bringing revenue it would not be maintained for the sake of monopoly and restriction. Lord Russell to Lord Lyons, May 21, 1861. 4. The contest on the part of the South was assumed to be one of State rights, and therefore justified by the example of the colonies in our Revolution. 5. The declarations of our government at the beginning of the war of its purpose not to interfere with slavery, announced by Congress, by the President, and by Mr. Seward in his despatches, promoted the idea that the contest was purely one for the unity of the government, and repelled the active support of liberal minds. While so