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Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 4, Chapter 44: Secession.—schemes of compromise.—Civil War.—Chairman of foreign relations Committee.—Dr. Lieber.—November, 1860April, 1861. (search)
Seward, and did his best in private conversation and a letter to the London Times to remove it. Seward's Life, vol. III. pp. 29, 30, 37; Weed's Life, vol. II. pp. 355-361. The Duchess of Sutherland evidently wrote with the same thought her letter to Seward, Dec. 8, 1861. Seward's Life, vol. III. p. 32. Cobden, however, took him less seriously, thinking him a kind of American Thiers or Palmerston or Russell, talking to Bunkum. Morley's Life of Cobden, vol. II. p. 386. The Duke of Argyll, a member of the British cabinet, the only member altogether sympathetic with our cause, wrote to Sumner as early as June 4, 1861:— I write a few lines very earnestly to entreat that you will use your influence and official authority to induce your government, and especially Mr. Seward, to act in a more liberal and a less reckless spirit than he is supposed here to indicate towards foreign governments, and especially towards ourselves. I find much uneasiness prevailing here lest thing
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 4, Chapter 45: an antislavery policy.—the Trent case.—Theories of reconstruction.—confiscation.—the session of 1861-1862. (search)
of slavery in America except among the Abolitionists, headed by that great and good man, Charles Sumner. The Duchess of Argyll wrote Sumner, Dec. 1, 1861, that while foreigners who had been close observers of American politics might be expected to ch he asserted would have made the capture legal, would if performed have only aggravated the illegality. The Duke of Argyll, writing Sumner, Jan. 10, 1862, said that if Mr. Seward's position were adopted, the two nations would be at the point ofdministration. Lord Lyons came in the evening to Sumner's lodgings overflowing with gratitude and joy. The Duchess of Argyll by letter, May 18. congratulated Sumner on the result Later in the session Sumner secured legislation giving effect to there are grateful to you for your strong and noble words. God bless you! I say with all my heart. To the Duchess of Argyll, August 11:— At last I am at home, after eight months of uninterrupted labor at Washington. The late Congress was
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 4, Chapter 46: qualities and habits as a senator.—1862. (search)
reakfast hour—the time when his intimate friends most sought him—recall the zest with which he opened and read letter after letter (now and then handing one to the visitor) from his miscellaneous correspondents,—Cobden, Bright, and the Duchess of Argyll; a dozen or twenty faithful friends who wrote of affairs in Massachusetts; old Abolitionists in all parts of the country, well known or obscure,—indeed, from thousands of all conditions who had thoughts and anxieties which they wished some one in of any public value. Bright and Cobden, almost our only two friends of eminence in England, reported to him drifts of opinion important to be known by our government, and gave sincere counsels as to what it was best for us to do. The Duchess of Argyll, reflecting the views of the duke, then in the Cabinet, did the same. These letters as soon as received were read to the President and his advisers, and were most useful in guiding their action. To these three correspondents he wrote often an
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 4, Chapter 47: third election to the Senate. (search)
ts of a righteous God. The speech delighted Dr Thomas Guthrie of Edinburgh, who made it a topic of public prayer in a church service. Letter of the Duchess of Argyll to Sumner, Dec. 3, 1862. In the beginning he spoke, but only briefly, of the criticisms to which he had been recently subjected,—recalling Burke's address to ur troops are excellent. I have loved England, and now deplore her miserable and utterly false position towards my country. God bless you! To the Duchess of Argyll, November 12:— You will hear of the elections. In Massachusetts the vote has been all that I could desire. In New York it has been bad,—worse for us than we had so long and carefully been absorbed in the arts of peace that we wanted generals to command. How was it with England in the Crimea? To the Duchess of Argyll, November 17:— I hope that the English position will be so firmly fixed that it cannot be swayed to the support of slavery, and that the old English sentim
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 4, Chapter 48: Seward.—emancipation.—peace with France.—letters of marque and reprisal.—foreign mediation.—action on certain military appointments.—personal relations with foreigners at Washington.—letters to Bright, Cobden, and the Duchess of Argyll.—English opinion on the Civil War.—Earl Russell and Gladstone.—foreign relations.—1862-1863. (search)
—letters to Bright, Cobden, and the Duchess of Argyll.—English opinion on the Civil War.—Earl Russelion of 1864. Sumner wrote to the Duchess of Argyll, Jan. 4, 1863:— I send you a monthly con letters to Cobden, Bright, and the Duchess of Argyll. Those were intended to set right the duke,tween our two countries. To the Duchess of Argyll, April 26:— The duke's speech At Edinthis, it will be useful. To the Duchess of Argyll, June 2:— The country is tranquil, while Life of Cobden, vol. II. p. 401. The Duke of Argyll wrote Sumner, July 12, to the same effect. Thue might otherwise have been. The Duchess of Argyll wrote often to Sumner, and the duke occasionalsentiments he had expressed. The Duchess of Argyll wrote to Sumner, December 6, that Gladstone's he family of Christian nations. The Duke of Argyll, in a letter to Sumner, September 30, refused critics did not touch this point. The Duke of Argyll, however, in his letter of September 30, admit[1 m
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 4, Chapter 49: letters to Europe.—test oath in the senate.—final repeal of the fugitive-slave act.—abolition of the coastwise slave-trade.—Freedmen's Bureau.—equal rights of the colored people as witnesses and passengers.—equal pay of colored troops.—first struggle for suffrage of the colored people.—thirteenth amendment of the constitution.— French spoliation claims.—taxation of national banks.— differences with Fessenden.—Civil service Reform.—Lincoln's re-election.—parting with friends.—1863-1864. (search)
every word which helps the removal of slavery, or which shows that this end is sincerely sought, I was glad to hear through an admirable friend The Duchess of Argyll. that you still thought kindly of me, and had not allowed the perplexities of an unparalleled contest to weaken your interest in the cause of the slave. I have a would be the first notice to England that war must come. I am not ready for any such step now. There is a dementia to adjourn and go home. To the Duchess of Argyll, July 4:— Congress will disperse to-day, having done several good things: (1) All fugitive-slave acts have been repealed; (2) All acts sustaining the traffiy the publication. Lord Airlie and his brother-in-law, E. Lyulph Stanley, who visited this country the same season, brought letters to Sumner from the Duchess of Argyll. He attended the Saturday Club dinners, at one of which as a guest was Chase, just resigned from the Cabinet, and on his way to the White Mountains. William Cu
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 4, Chapter 50: last months of the Civil War.—Chase and Taney, chief-justices.—the first colored attorney in the supreme court —reciprocity with Canada.—the New Jersey monopoly.— retaliation in war.—reconstruction.—debate on Louisiana.—Lincoln and Sumner.—visit to Richmond.—the president's death by assassination.—Sumner's eulogy upon him. —President Johnson; his method of reconstruction.—Sumner's protests against race distinctions.—death of friends. —French visitors and correspondents.—1864-1865. (search)
thrown familiarly together. Breakfasting, lunching, and dining in one small family party, etc. Sumner to the Duchess of Argyll, April 24 (manuscript). Conversation flowed freely, and all were happy, full of rejoicing and hope. The recent successesh and what I feel. Always with much sympathy, Your sincere friend, John Bright. Sumner wrote to the Duchess of Argyll, April 24:— The Sewards, father and son, have rallied to-day, and seem to be doing well. The conspirators will be g the freedmen, who cannot read or write. But we need the votes of all, and cannot afford to wait. To the Duchess of Argyll, August 15:-- I have yours of the 4th of July, as you were about to flee to Inverary, where I trust my tree has not at Castle Howard, Yorkshire. His disease was paralysis, which had disabled him in the summer. His niece, the Duchess of Argyll, kept Sumner informed of the progress of his malady, and his brother, Charles Howard, Younger brother of the seventh e
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 4, Chapter 51: reconstruction under Johnson's policy.—the fourteenth amendment to the constitution.—defeat of equal suffrage for the District of Columbia, and for Colorado, Nebraska, and Tennessee.—fundamental conditions.— proposed trial of Jefferson Davis.—the neutrality acts. —Stockton's claim as a senator.—tributes to public men. —consolidation of the statutes.—excessive labor.— address on Johnson's Policy.—his mother's death.—his marriage.—1865-1866. (search)
in debate—not only by Trumbull, but by Howard, Morrill of Maine, Fessenden, and Wilson—Sumner, although he had prepared himself on the Civil Rights bill, did not speak; but he watched the measure closely and with deep interest, approving it altogether, and recognizing it as a precedent for his own bill for equal political rights in the reconstructed States. Feb. 7, 1866; Congressional Globe, p. 707. Feb. 9, 1866; Globe, pp. 765-767. Works, vol. x. pp. 271-279. He wrote to the Duchess of Argyll, April 3:— These are trying days for us. I am more anxious now than during the war. The animal passions of the nation aided the rally then. Now the appeal is to the intelligence, and to the moral and religious sentiments. How strangely we are misrepresented in the Times. I read it always, and find nothing true in its portraiture of our affairs. Believe me, the people are with Congress. When it is considered that the President has such an amazing power, it is extraordinary to see h<
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 4, chapter 10 (search)
tements known to the writer. He took the best view of the General's qualities,—writing to Lieber, November 1: Grant will be our President, with infinite opportunities. I hope and believe he will be true to them. Sumner wrote to the Duchess of Argyll, July 28:— The duke's letter came to sustain the reports by the cable and the press of the reception of Longfellow. I am charmed to know this; he deserves it all. He is too modest for a lion, and has too little sympathy with public dinnersfriends died at this period,—Lord Cranworth, Lord Wensleydale, and the Duchess of Sutherland. he had become intimate with the two former on his visit to England as a youth, and with the duchess on his two later visits. Writing to the Duchess of Argyll, he referred to the many tombs which had opened for those to whom he had been attached. Among English travellers calling on him in this or the preceding year were John Morley, G. Shaw Lefevre, and Leslie Stephen. From his French acquaintance, M<
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 4, Chapter 54: President Grant's cabinet.—A. T. Stewart's disability.—Mr. Fish, Secretary of State.—Motley, minister to England.—the Alabama claims.—the Johnson-Clarendon convention.— the senator's speech: its reception in this country and in England.—the British proclamation of belligerency.— national claims.—instructions to Motley.—consultations with Fish.—political address in the autumn.— lecture on caste.—1869. (search)
the breach still open. The English people were very sensitive at the time; and the sensitiveness was natural. The ministry, in which were Gladstone, Bright, Argyll, Forster, and Stasfeld,—all except the first our friends in the Civil War,—had been very desirous of settling the question, and sincerely thought they had done soerate in their judgments, and time cured the soreness of others; but some-Lord Houghton among them—continued to regard him as an enemy of England. The Duchess of Argyll wrote sadly, May 1 Your speech is a grievous disappointment. . . . Alas! that I should think so sadly of any speech of yours. For the first time I am silenced w be consulted, as nothing can be done without the consent of that body. He had talked with John Rose of Canada, who had sounded him about sending out the Duke of Argyll. The duke must not come unless to be successful. The case must not be embittered by another rejection. Sumner delivered an address, September 22, before the<
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