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William Swinton, Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac, chapter 2 (search)
from the north and east to intercept the flying enemy, did not act with sufficient promptness, McClellan: Campaign in Western Virginia, p. 34. so that the operation was not as decisive as it otherwise must have been. The last stand made by Garnett was at Carrick's Ford, at the passage of the Cheat River, where he was attacked by the advance of General Morris's brigade This attack was made by the Fourteenth Ohio, the Seventh and Ninth Indiana, and a section of Barnett's battery. on the 13th, driven in disorder, losing all his guns and baggage, and General Garnett himself, while gallantly striving to rally his rear-guard, was killed. This ended the brief and brilliant campaign in the mountains, and General McClellan was able to telegraph to Washington as its result the capture of a thousand prisoners, with all the enemy's stores, baggage, and artillery, and the complete disruption of the hostile force. Secession, he added, is killed in this country. The result of this miniat
William Swinton, Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac, chapter 6 (search)
nion army pressing forward with an unwonted rapidity that threatened to disconcert all his plans. On the afternoon of the 13th, before Lee had received any word from Jackson, Stuart, who with his troopers was covering the Confederate rear, reported y Jackson in his advance on Harper's Ferry, the passes of South Mountain would have been carried before the evening of the 13th, at which time they were very feebly guarded, and then debouching into Pleasant Valley, the Union commander might next morinsburg evacuated that place, and retired to Harper's Ferry, the rear of which, at Bolivar Heights, Jackson reached on the 13th, and immediately proceeded to put himself in communication with Walker and McLaws, who were respectively to co-op erate inis subordinates. But what was worse, Ford, after opposing a very feeble and unskilful resistance to McLaws' attack on the 13th, retired to Harper's Ferry, spiking his guns and toppling them down the declivity. Thus Maryland Heights was abandoned al
William Swinton, Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac, chapter 7 (search)
te position. The troops lay on their arms for the night under that December sky: then dawned the morning of Saturday, the 13th, and this was to be the day of the battle. Eight-and-forty hours had now passed since that signal gun, booming out on tattered divisions, and the morning of the 13th found the entire Confederate army in position. Early on the morning of the 13th, Ewell's division under General Early, and the division of D. H. Hill, arrived after a severe night's march from their reslan of action as understood by his lieutenants, who were to carry it into execution. When, however, on the morning of the 13th, the commanders of the two bodies on the left and right, Generals Franklin and Sumner, received their instructions, it wason the Conduct of the War, vol. i., p. 701. On receipt of this order by Franklin, at half-past 7 of the morning of the 13th, it was so different from what he had expected—so different from what General Burnside had given him reason to expect the
William Swinton, Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac, chapter 9 (search)
Valley. Advancing rapidly towards Winchester, he arrived before that place on the evening of the 13th, after an advance from Culpepper of seventy miles in three days. Such was the startling intellee's designs. Upon learning the movement of the enemy into the Shenandoah Valley, Hooker, on the 13th, broke up his camps along the Rappahannock, and moved rapidly on the direct route towards Washinghe advanced directly upon that Federal post, driving Milroy into his works around the town on the 13th. The following night, Milroy abandoned his position, but his force being intercepted, a good parrmy arrived before it, on the 12th. But the day and the morrow passed in timid councils. On the 13th, at a formal consultation of the corps-commanders, the majority of the general-officers voted aganature and art to afford any prospect of a successful assault. Nevertheless, on the night of the 13th, General Meade determined to next morning take the offensive. But when, on the morning, of the 1
William Swinton, Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac, chapter 10 (search)
nd Ewell were able to strike his line of retreat at that point, it remains to describe some interesting complications that arose out of the proximity in which the two armies were manoeuvring. In the retrograde movement of the Union army, on the 13th, it was appointed that the Second Corps under General Warren should, after halting at Fayetteville until the Third Corps under General French was withdrawn, cover the rear of the army; and its route was directed to be by way of Auburn to Catlett's Station, and thence northward along the line of the Orange and Alexandria Railroad. In this duty, Kilpatrick's division of cavalry was to co-operate. Now, on the evening of the 13th, when Lee reached Warrenton, Warren reached Auburn, distant only five miles to the east, and there he bivouacked with his corps on the south side of Cedar Run. To cover his rear from attack from the direction of Warrenton, where Lee was that night (unknown to, but not unsuspected by Warren), Caldwell's divisio
William Swinton, Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac, chapter 11 (search)
oken. No mere general statement can give any idea of the enormous amount of labor, suffering, and privation that befell the troops in these continual shiftings of the corps from point to point of the long line. I shall in this note indicate some details of the action from day to day. May 13TH.—The battle of the 12th having ended in Lee's retirement to an inner and shorter line, it was resolved to attempt to turn his right flank. With this view, the Fifth Corps, during the night of the 13th, was ordered to march from its position on the extreme right, take post on the extreme left, to the left of Burnside's corps, and assault in conjunction with that corps at four A. M. on the 14th. The march was begun at ten P. M. The wet weather had, however, badly broken up the roads; and the night being one of Egyptian darkness, the move was made with immense difficulty. The route of march was past the Landrum House [see map] to the Ny River, which had to be waded. Across the Ny the route