d Jackson and repulsed Longstreet silently withdrew, and when Lee was next able to strike it was at a united army, strongly posted on the heights of Malvern, with assured communication with its new base on the James.
On the following morning (July 1st) Lee had his whole force concentrated at the battle-field of New Market crossroads: but he could not fail even then to realize that, though the pursuit might be continued, it was under circumstances that made the hope of any decided success now very distant.
Still it remained to try the issue of a general battle between the two united armies.
The Confederate columns were accordingly put in motion on the morning of the 1st of July, Jackson's corps leading.
A march of a few miles brought the pursuers again in contact with the army, which was found occupying a commanding ridge, extending obliquely across
Sketch of Malvern Hill. the line of march, in advance of Malvern Hill.
In front of this strong position the ground was open, var
he next chapter relate how, contrary to the expectations of each, the action was precipitated.
On the morning of Wednesday, the 1st of July, the two Confederate columns continued their march towards Gettysburg; and Buford, holding position on the Chambersburg road, by which Hill and Longstreet were as in the plain between these two latter ridges, the westernmost of which was occupied by the Confederates and the nearer by the Union troops, that the action of July 1st opened; for Buford's deployments had succeeded in detaining the hostile column on the thither side of the run till Wadsworth's division came on the ground.
As tthat he was compelled to make a wide detour on the exterior line: marching by way of Westminster, he advanced to Carlisle, but did not reach that point till the 1st of July, the day after Ewell had left for Gettysburg, to which point he was then immediately summoned by Lee, who had during all these movements been deprived of the im
he here encountered not only the Confederate cavalry but a hostile infantry.
Being largely outnumbered, he was overwhelmed and forced to retire, with the loss of his trains and artillery and a considerable number of prisoners.
In the various conflicts with the enemy's cavalry, in their late expedition against the railroads, besides their killed and wounded left on the field, one thousand prisoners, thirteen pieces of artillery, and thirty wagons and ambulances were taken.—Lee: Dispatch of July 1st. He succeeded in crossing the Nottoway, however, and escaped within the Union lines by their left and rear with the remnant of his shattered force.
The first intimation General Meade had of Wilson's situation, was in intelligence brought by one of his aids, who cut his way through from Reams' Station.
The Sixth Corps was immediately sent thither, and Sheridan ordered up with the cavalry; but before they could reach that point the affair was over and the enemy had withdrawn.