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artillery establishment was facilitated by the fact that the country possessed in the regular service a body of accomplished and energetic artillery officers.
The duty of organizing this arm was confided to Major (afterwards Brigadier-General) Barry, chief of artillery. As basis of organization it was decided to form field-batteries of six guns (never less than four guns, and the guns of each battery to be of uniform calibre);
It was decided that the proportion of rifled guns should be one-third, and of smooth-bores two-thirds—that the rifled guns should be restricted to the system of the United States ordnance department and of Parrott, and the smooth-bores to be exclusively the light twelve-pounder or Napoleon gun.— Barry: Report of Artillery Operations, p. 106. and these were assigned to divisions, not to brigades, in the proportion of four batteries to each division; one of which was to be a battery of Regulars, and the captain of the Regular battery was in each case appointe