ly says: Major-General Smith was prevented from resuming his attack on the enemy's position next morning by the discovery of strong intrenchments not seen on the previous evening.
On the morning of June 1st the enemy attacked the brigade of General Pickett, which was sup ported by that of General Pryor.
The attack was vigorously repelled by these two brigades, the brunt of the fight falling on General Pickett.
This was the last demonstration made by the enemy.
In the evening out troops quieGeneral Pickett.
This was the last demonstration made by the enemy.
In the evening out troops quietly returned to their own camps.
V. The Seven days retreat.
The attitude of the army during the month succeeding the action of Fair Oaks was not imposing.
It was seemingly a body that had lost its momentum; and the troops, sweltering through all that hot month amid the unwholesome swamps of the Chickahominy, sank in energy.
McClellan's position was a trying one: he realized the full necessity of action; but he also realized better than any of his contemporaries the enormous difficulty
e whole Southern force, with the exception of Pickett's division of Longstreet's corps, had come uphe woods that cover the Seminary Ridge.
As Pickett's division of Longstreet's corps had reached appointed to lead the van.
The absence of Pickett's division the day before made General Long.
My authority is again General Longstreet. Pickett formed his division in double line of battle,d's brigade supporting; while on the right of Pickett was one brigade of Hill's corps, under Genera.
Now, as Wilcox's brigade had not advanced, Pickett's division remained alone a solid lance—head hell, that it must be conceded the troops of Pickett had done; but now, seeing themselves in a desmfiture of the enemy.
After the repulse of Pickett's assault, Wilcox's command, that had been on attack, but simply cover, the right flank of Pickett's assaulting column.
But he did not move fore given those who tried as bad a reception as Pickett received.
With Lee there now remained onl[5 more...]
eriod the dignity of dulness was disturbed only by one or two cavalry expeditions, planned with the ambitious aim of capturing Richmond by a sudden dash.
The first of these schemes, which had the merit of boldness in conception if not in execution, was devised by General Butler, then commanding the Department of Virginia and North Carolina.
Believing that Richmond had been stripped of its garrison for the purpose of strengthening the Confederate force operating in North Carolina under General Pickett, General Butler formed the design of swooping down on the Confederate capital with a cavalry raid by way of New Kent Courthouse on the Peninsula.
As a diversion in favor of this enterprise, the Army of the Potomac was to make a demonstration across the Rapidan.
The raiding column, under command of Brigadier-General Wistar, left New Kent Courthouse on the 5th of February, and reached the Chickahominy at Bottom's Bridge on the following day. The 7th, in obedience to orders from Washing
r, gave eighteen thousand as his impression of the loss.
This number corresponds remarkably with that derived from a comparison of the force with which Lee opened the campaign and that present after the battle of Cold Harbor.
The former was fifty-two thousand six hundred and twenty-six, and on May 31 it was forty-four thousand two hundred and forty-seven, the difference being somewhat above eight thousand.
But meanwhile Lee had received accessions to his strength-seven thousand men under Pickett, from Petersburg, and two thousand under Breckenridge, from the Valley.
This would make his loss, up to Cold Harbor, seventeen thousand; and adding one thousand for the casualties of that battle (an over-estimate), we obtain an aggregate of eighteen thousand. The Confederates, elated at the skilful manner in which they had constantly been thrust between Richmond and the Union army, and conscious of the terrible price in blood they had exacted from the latter, were in high spirit, and the m
till four days afterwards, and when too late, did Longstreet detect how feeble was the force opposed to him). On the Petersburg side were the divisions of Wilcox, Pickett, Bushrod Johnson, and the remnant of Ewell's corps, now under Gordon.
Taking from these corps all he dared—two divisions and three brigades—he assembled a force en.
But the tenure of Five Forks was not to be long.
Having been foiled in the assault on Warren, Lee detached portions of the two divisions of infantry under Pickett and Bushrod Johnson, and moved them by the White Oak road westward to Five Forks.
These falling upon the Union cavalry there, drove it out and back in confusion ing a severe wound, but shielding from hurt the person of his loved commander.
A charge of the cavalry completed the rout, and the remnants of the divisions of Pickett and Johnson fled westward from Five Forks, pursued for many miles, and until long after dark, by the mounted divisions of Merritt and McKenzie.
The trophies of t
first two days, 355; the third day—Lee resolves to attack on Culp's Hill, 356; Meade's line on Culp's Hill regained, 356; the artillery combat of the third day, 357; battery positions on the third day, 357; the Confederate column of attack, 358; Pickett's assault on Cemetery Ridge, 359; the panic of Pettigrew's raw troops, 359; surrender of Pickett's troops, 361; Wilcox's attack on Hancock, and its failure, ends the battle, 362; Lee's shattered army returns to its lines on Seminary Ridge, 363; Pickett's troops, 361; Wilcox's attack on Hancock, and its failure, ends the battle, 362; Lee's shattered army returns to its lines on Seminary Ridge, 363; Lee remains a day at bay before retreating, 363; the retreat of Lee, 363; losses on both sides, 363.
Glendale—see Newmarket Cross-roads.
Goldsborough, Admiral, and the navy at Yorktown, 104.
Grant's overland campaign, 402; appointed to command all the armies, 403; his theory of action, 404; establishes headquarters with the Potomac army, 405; on concentric operations, 410; orders for advance beyond the Wilderness, 417; his opinion of manoeuvring, 440; his reason for withdrawing from t