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William Swinton, Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac, chapter 2 (search)
e of covering every thing, than by any well-considered combination of positions. The Peninsula between the James and the York rivers was held by a Confederate force of about two thousand men, under Colonel J. B. Magruder, who took position near Hampton, where he confronted the Federal force at Fortress Monroe, which had lately been placed under command of Major-General B. F. Butler. The defence of the highland region of Western Virginia had been assumed by General Lee, commander-in-chief of tever been mustered into the United States service, and had no right to any command. The advance was made in two columns—the regiment of Duryea's Zouaves, followed by the Third New York Volunteers, under Colonel Townsend, on the right, by way of Hampton; and Bendix's New York regiment and a Vermont battalion on the left, by way of Newport News. The movement was begun during the night of the 9th of June, and it was designed to surprise the enemy before daylight next morning. The marches of the
William Swinton, Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac, V. Pope's campaign in Northern Virginia. August, 1862. (search)
at energetic lieutenant had carried them out to the letter. It is now time to look to Pope's movements. While Jackson's column was executing this flank movement to the rear of Pope, Lee retained Longstreet's command in his front to divert his attention, and learning that Pope was about to receive re-enforcements from McClellan, he ordered forward the remainder of his army from Richmond. This force consisted of D. H. Hill's and McLaws' divisions, two brigades under General Walker, and Hampton's cavalry brigade. Nevertheless, the stealthy march of Jackson did not pass unbeknown to the Union commander, who received very precise information respecting his movement northward, though he was unable to divine its aim. The information was derived from Colonel J. S. Clark, of the staff of General Banks. That officer remained all day in a perilous position within sight of Jackson's moving column, and counted its force, which he found to be thirty six regiments of infantry, with the pr
William Swinton, Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac, chapter 10 (search)
nd taking circuitous and concealed roads, Lee: Report of Fall Operations in Virginia. passed by way of Madison Courthouse quite to Meade's right. Stuart, with Hampton's cavalry division, moved on the right of the column, while Fitz Hugh Lee's cavalry division, with a detachment of infantry, was left to hold the lines south of the Union cavalry. One of these affairs was of some importance. While on the advance towards Warrenton, on the 19th, Kilpatrick's division skirmished warmly with Hampton's division up to Buckland Mills, at the crossing of Broad Run, on the south bank of which Hampton took post, under the personal direction of Stuart, who here plae success. Fitz Lee arriving just below Buckland surprised Kilpatrick's force on the flank, and Stuart, hearing Fitz Lee's guns, pressed vigorously in front with Hampton's division. A stubborn resistance was offered, but a charge au fond finally forced Kilpatrick's command to give way, and he retreated in some confusion. Stuar
William Swinton, Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac, chapter 12 (search)
tially prepared. —Hancock: Report of Operations on the Boydton Plankroad. This appears to have been a very fortunate decision, for during the night, the Confederates massed at the position where the fighting ceased fifteen thousand infantry and Hampton's cavalry, with which they had intended to assail Hancock at daylight of the 28th. The Confederate General Heth stated to me that they remained all night in the position they held when the fighting ceased on the evening of the 27th, and during the night massed fifteen thousand infantry, and Hampton's cavalry, with which they intended to have advanced upon us at daylight of the 28th.—Private Letter from General Hancock. Next morning the whole force returned to the lines before Petersburg. New movement to the left.—From this time forward the operations in front of Petersburg and Richmond, until the spring campaign of 1865, were mainly confined to the defence and extension of the lines, which were pushed westward as far as Hatcher's <
William Swinton, Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac, Index. (search)
gton, 93; (Department of the Rappahannock) position during McClellan's advance, 122; at Fredericksburg with 30,000 men, 122; ordered by the administration to attack Richmond in co-operation with McClellan, 123; advance south of Fredericksburg, 124; advance cleared by Porter's corps of the Potomac army, 124; ordered to the Shenandoah Valley, 126; Manassas campaign—see Manassas. McMahon, General, on Sedgwick's movement before Chancellorsville, 275. Magruder, Colonel J. B., position near Hampton, 27; on Confederate position on Chickahominy right bank, 147. Malvern Hill reached by McClellan's artillery, 157; map of the battlefield, 160; battle of, 160; position of the armies, 161; Hill's advance alone by misconception, 162; the Confederates completely repulsed, 163; left flank protected by James River gunboats, 164. Manassas Junction, the first Confederate camp at, 27; captures of prisoners and supplies by Stuart, 177; advance against Jackson at, 181. Manassas, the first ba