ness would all urge him on. Whatever his previous career, whatever his actual position, such a man as this was marked out for instant and for persevering service to the Union.
Fort Sumter fired on, he went at once to Washington.
He was at that time thirty-five years old, having been born March 20, 1826.
His birthplace was Boston; his parents were Andrew and Sophia Harrison Ritchie, his mother being the daughter of Harrison Gray Otis.
His education was conducted by various teachers until 1839, when he went abroad with his brother under the charge of Mr. T. G. Bradford, with whom he spent between two and three years in France and Germany, acquiring the languages of those countries and carrying on his preparation for Harvard College, which he entered in 1842.
After taking his degree in 1846, he began his commercial career in the counting-house of the late Samuel Austin, Jr., and there remained till 1849, when he sailed for Calcutta.
His business there being transacted, he crossed
cidents of tender, confiding affection, and evinces a truthfulness of spirit, an unwearied and almost systematic inquisitiveness and a power of self-absorption in an idea, very unusual in a child; all of which traits were eminently characteristic of his mature years.
The subsequent portion of his childhood, previous to his residence in Worcester, he passed in the care of his grandparents at Dedham, and at the family school of Rev. Mr. Kimball, in an adjoining town.
He went to Worcester in 1839,—his father having removed thither two years before, —and received the remainder of his preparatory education in the public schools of that city.
At the age of seventeen he entered Harvard College, and graduated in the Class of 1852,—the last of four successive generations of his name and family in the Catalogue of the Alumni of that University.
Soon after graduation he entered upon his medical studies as the pupil of Dr. Henry Sargent of Worcester, and subsequently became a member of the<
in 1780, married Miss Ann Yates, was a member of Congress from 1807 until his death, July 4, 1816, leaving three children, of whom my father was the eldest.
Daniel Wright, my great-grandfather, on the mother's side, lived in Virginia.
His son, Daniel Wright, my grandfather, moved to Mississippi, and married Miss Martha Patrick, a celebrated beauty and most estimable lady.
He was Judge of the Supreme Court of Mississippi.
He left but one child, Miss Elvira Wright, who married my father in 1839. One of my ancestors, William Yates, was President of William and Mary's College.
His son, William Yates, Jr., was a colonel of the Revolution.
These genealogical details have a peculiar interest in the case of one who was to take up arms against his own blood, as it were, and to fall in the second American revolution.
Gholson's schooling began in 1850, and was confined to private institutions.
He fitted for college in three years, and entered Harvard in March, 1858, at the commencem