ermanent quarters, taught the poor blacks how to work for themselves, and made the confiscated goods of the blockade supply their wants.
Amid political and military embarrassments, he succeeded in pioneering the way to practical emancipation while commanding the fortifications and twenty-four thousand troops.
Gurowski says, in his Diary, that he was the good genius of the fugitive negroes.
But for him, great numbers of them would have been remanded to the slave-whip.
In the autumn of 1862, and while he was still in command of Washington, he received the Union nomination for Governor of New York.
This had been offered to him, in 1848, by the Free-Soil Democrats, and again, in 1856, by the Republicans, but he had declined it on both occasions.
He now thought it to be his duty to accept the position, and, in his letter to the President of the Convention, stated in a clear and forcible manner his opinions of the questions involved in the canvass.
He assumed that the election wo
He was president of the local Horticultural Society, a trustee of Friends' Academy, and of the Five Cent Savings Bank; was a member of the Common Council in 1852, and one of the city representatives in the State Legislature in 1862, having been elected as a Conservative Republican.
During all this period he kept a diary; and a few extracts from this will show, better than anything else, the manner in which his whole nature was roused and stimulated by the gathering alarm ofsy post in Massachusetts in war time.
The session lasted until April 30th, 1862; and his services were thus mentioned, in a letter written after his death, by Honorable A. H. Bullock, then Speaker of the House, and now Governor: In the session of 1862 I became warmly attached to Colonel Rodman, and our friendship ripened into intimacy.
His frank and gallant bearing, as an associate among gentlemen, attracted the appreciation of all. His marked intelligence and honorable purposes commanded the
and had but just entered upon that happy home-life which it was his greatest pleasure to cultivate and embellish, when the call came which was to devote him to his country.
Colonel Porter left three children; namely, Peter Augustus, born in September, 1855; Letitia Elizabeth, born February, 1861, died October, 1864; George Morris, born July, 1863.
In 1861 he was elected a member of the Assembly of the State of New York, where he performed his duties with faithfulness and assiduity.
In 1862 he tendered his services to the government, applying for authority to recruit a company of volunteers for the war. On receiving the application, Governor Morgan at once offered him the command of a regiment, if he would undertake the recruiting of it in his own senatorial district.
He began immediately, and raised a fine regiment of infantry, the One Hundred and Twenty-ninth New York Volunteers, in the unprecedentedly short time of about two weeks. It was originally one thousand strong, but
e to him, but they cannot properly be mentioned here.
Yet he was not without marked honor from his superior officers.
While stationed at Fortress Monroe and at Newport News he was quite constantly employed as Judge-Advocate.
Early in the year 1862 General Mansfield placed him upon his staff.
This position he resigned in June of that year, when his regiment was ordered up the Peninsula, and it was made certain that his general was still to remain behind at Newport News.
In Kentucky, he serose posts.
It was a hard, a very hard service for him, and one that fretted his spirit so much as to demand all the determination of which he was capable, to hold him fast.
He persevered until ill health compelled him to go home in the summer of 1862.
As soon as he regained his strength, he obtained a commission as Captain in the First Massachusetts Cavalry, to qualify himself for duty on the staff of General Augur in the expedition under General Banks to the Mississippi.
Fatigue and expos
Private 124th Illinois Vols. (Infantry), August II, 1862; died at Vicksburg, Miss., September 26, 1864, of disease cat the time of his enlistment in the Union army, August II, 1862.
He joined the One Hundred and Twenty-fourth Illinois Voluan objection to his entering the service.
In the autumn of 1862 his physicians said that he must avoid the New England wintwhat I had before forgotten, that this is the last night of 1862, and this the last chance to write to you in the old year; go by without bringing much change to all of us. Certainly 1862 has brought change enough for you and me, and for many anot. One thing gives me a pleasure which I hardly expected old 1862 to leave for me, and that is the belief that I am likely toMassachusetts.
He entered the service of the government in 1862 as a volunteer, without compensation, bearing himself all eained.
Thus passed the year 1861.
The dawning spring of 1862 brought new triumphs to our cause, and it appeared that the
In August he writes: As to a regiment, I have given up all idea of it very willingly. . . . . Your scheme of a regiment of gentlemen, even if practicable, would not suit me at all. What do you mean by gentlemen ? Drivers of gigs?
In November, however, he was ordered to report to Governor Andrew, for the purpose of organizing the Second Massachusetts Cavalry, of which he was appointed Colonel.
This work kept him in the neighborhood of Boston through the winter and spring of 1862-63.
During this winter, the first regiment of negroes raised in the North was projected by the government of Massachusetts. Colonel Lowell was strongly interested in the success of this movement, and he aided it with his counsel and his influence.
He was heartily pleased with the selection of Colonel Shaw as its leader.
It is very important, he writes (February 9), that the regiment should be started soberly, and not spoilt by too much fanaticism.
Shaw is not a fanatic.
amusement of his school-days' leisure, and in after years he turned it to a useful account.
His correct taste, and an eye for the beautiful in art, rendered him an adept in the business of Job Printing, and his judgment and skill were in demand among all the customers of the establishment.
When the war broke out in 1861, his patriotism was aroused; and if his physical condition had allowed it, he would probably have enlisted in one of the companies formed in his native town.
In the year 1862, when Washington was threatened, and the President called for men for thirty days, he was still more anxious to go; and again, at the leaving of the Fourth Massachusetts Regiment, on its second service of nine months in the Department of the Gulf.
In the course and conduct of the war he took the greatest interest, and was familiar with its operations, and ardent for the national cause.
It was a mortification that his schoolmates and classmates were able to show their zeal and self-sacrifice
his troops within a short distance of the enemy's works, and on the 14th of March, after a short contest with musketry, in which our troops suffered more than the enemy, carried the lines by a brilliant assault, capturing many guns and prisoners.
He advanced at once to Newbern, which place was evacuated, and became from this time to the close of the war the Headquarters of our forces in North Carolina.
The Twenty-fourth Massachusetts was stationed near Newbern all the summer and autumn of 1862, and saw no active service until November, when General Foster, who then commanded the department, made an expedition to Little Washington and Plymouth.
Lieutenant Perkins's health had been a good deal impaired by chills and fever; and after this march, which was wearisome, and followed by exhausting picket duty in the swamp country, he was obliged to go down to Beaufort to recruit.
He had by no means, however, regained his strength when he rejoined his regiment to take part in the expedit
e with his brother William joined the Cadets, in order to prepare themselves to do their part, and were with them when they garrisoned Fort Warren in the spring of 1862.
He felt the disasters on the Peninsula as a call to battle, and he helped to raise Company B of the Fortyfifth, or Cadet, Regiment, and went through the Newbernture of the struggle in all its bearings was being developed in his mind.
But the career of Major How was a short one.
He went forth in the summer campaign of 1862 with the fresh and joyous army of McClellan, on their march to Richmond; but when that army returned to Washington, baffled and disheartened, he was not with them.ould advance the survivors more rapidly.
He was willing to take his chance, and was not afraid to die.
His first battle was at Roanoke Island, in the winter of 1862, when Burnside commanded; he was in action at Newbern, Kinston, Whitehall, Goldsborough Bridge, and elsewhere; his last battle was at Drury's Bluff, near Richmond
In camp at Poolesville, Maryland, where his regiment passed the winter of 1861-62, Lieutenant Abbott was distinguished for regularity, and precision in the dischartenant 2d Mass. Vols. (Infantry), August 14, 1862; first Lieutenant, November I, 1862; Captain, June 6, 1863; died at Dorchester, Mass., July 25, 1863, of wounds recem into the field.
The critical condition of the national cause in the summer of 1862 convinced him that it was his duty to abandon, for a time at least, and perhaps ationed at Decatur, Alabama, as an outpost of Rosecrans's army.
In the fall of 1862 he received the commission of Captain, which he declined in order to accept the uties in no way weakened his pride in the Second and his love of his comrades of 1862.
In January, 1864, that regiment returned on veteran furlough, and he had the gnal study with Francis B. Hayes and Charles F. Choate, Esqs.
In the summer of 1862, and about the time of the disasters to Pope's army and the battles of Cedar Mo