between the Northern States, represented by the Federal Government, upon the one side; and the Southern States, represented by the Confederate Government, upon the other—the border Southern States being divided.
The odds in numbers and means in favor of the North were tremendous.
Her white population of nearly twenty millions was fourfold that of the strictly Confederate territory; and from the border Southern States and communities of Missouri, Kentucky, East Tennessee, West Virginia, Maryland and Delaware, she got more men and supplies for her armies than the Confederacy got for hers.
Kentucky alone furnished as many men to the Northern armies as Massachusetts.
In available money and credit, the advantage of the North was vastly greater than in population, and it included the possession of all the chief centres of banking and commerce.
Then she had the possession of the old government, its capital, its army and navy, and mostly, its arsenals, dockyards, and workshops, with al