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Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 34. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), chapter 1.1 (search)
ps surrendered at Appomattox C. H. and graphic account of the retreat from Petersburg, Va., see Vol. XXXII, Southern Historical Society Papers.—Ed.] Comrades of Lee Camp; The subject upon which you have called upon me to submit my personal recollections is not the Battle of Chancellorsville, on the 2nd, 3rd and 4th of May, 1863, in which the Federal Army of the Potomac, under General Hooker, which numbered more than 130,000 men, was defeated by a part of the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia, numbering less than 60,000 men, for history has already recorded how that field was fought and won. The hearing you have kindly afforded me as a member of the personal staff of General R. E. Lee at the time of that battle. is on the subject of General R. E. Lee at Chancellorsville, and what you wish to know particularly is, I presume, whether or not he conceived and directed the movement around the right flank, and the attack on the rear of Hooker's army. Both General Lee and G
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 34. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), The battlefields of Virginia. (search)
direction and control of General Lee as commanding general, as may be easily seen from the official correspondence between Lee and Jackson at that time. Colonel Taylor calls attention to this correspondence, and gives one of General Lee's letters in April, 1862, of which he retained the original draft; but it was not until Colonel Henderson published his book in 1897, that the inspiration of Jackson's Valley campaign was made clear as a part of Lee's general plan of operations in the State of Virginia, based not only upon conditions as they existed in the Valley of Virginia, but on the general situation and movements of the enemy against Richmond via the Peninsula and Fredericksburg. Very soon after General Lee assuned the duties of Commander-in-Chief, in April, 1862, he wrote to General Jackson: I have no doubt that an attempt will be made to occupy Fredericksburg, and use it as a base of operations against Richmond. Our present force there, is very weak, and cannot be re
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 34. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Historical memorial of the Charlotte Cavalry. (search)
could become members. There were a large number of lawyers, physicians, teachers, and highly educated farmers and merchants in the Company. From a camp of instruction, at Ashland, Va., it was sent in the Spring of 1861, to Laurel Hill, Northwest Virginia, to General Garnett's command. The list of killed and wounded (forty-two) in this memorial, shows how it suffered. After it was put into the 14th Virginia Cavalry, it, with the Churchville Cavalry (Companies B and I) constituted the chargcember 17. Madison C. H., Va., December 20. Liberty Mills, Va., December 22. Jack's Shop, Va., December 23. Gordonsville, Va., December 24. 1865. ( the Regiment was furloughed for two months and transferred to Beale's Brigade, East Virginia, W. H. F. Lee's Division.) Quaker Road, Va., March 29. White Oak Road, Va., March 31. Isaac Friend wounded second time. Five Forks, Va., April 1. Henry P. Dickerson, Albert Moses and George W. Read wounded. Avery's Church Road, V
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 34. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Some war history never published. (search)
ollowed by an overwhelming wave of Northern invaders, that would sweep over Kentucky and Tennessee, extending to the northern part of the cotton States, if not to New Orleans. Similar views were expressed in regard to ultimate results in Northwestern Virginia being dependent upon the success or failure of this army, and various other special illustrations were offered, showing, in short, that success here was success everywhere, defeat here defeat everywhere; and that this was the point upon wy, four months after the conversation occurred. The occasion is represented to have been an official conference or council between myself, as the President of the Confederate States, and the three senior generals of the Confederate army in Northern Virginia. It is a condemnatory fact, not stated in the paper, that no notice was given to me of a purpose to make a record of the conversation, and no opportunity allowed me to make any correction of expressions attributed to me in the paper, thu
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 34. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Historical address of the former commander of Grimes Battery. (search)
Light Artillery Monument Association has set a granite marker to tell the spot where the ashes of the brave soldier rest. The battle of Sharpsburg took place on the 16th and 17th of September, 1862. The artillery organization was reduced in men and horse to such an extent that on the second of October General Lee instructed General Wm. N. Pendleton to submit a plan for reorganization, which he did, and it was approved and made effectual in special orders No. 200: Headquarters, Army Northern Virginia, October 4, 1862. * * * VII. The three companies of Major Saunders' Battalion will be formed into two. The officers of Thompson's Battery (late Grimes') are relieved from duty with the company, and the men will be distributed by Major Saunders between Moorman's and Huger's batteries. There were seventy-two batteries in the army and eighteen were consolidated, leaving fifty-four organizations. This order was promulgated to our company at Winchester, and aroused great indignation a
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 34. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), The Dahlgren raid. (search)
th; immense Union armies, splendidly equipped and fully rationed, getting reinforcements daily, and preparing for aggressive war, occupied a large portion of Northern Virginia, and were slowly advancing southward, holding in covert the wasted, yet valiant Army of Northern Virginia. Richmond at this time was uneasy; even the mostisoners of war—numbering eight to ten thousand. So on Sunday evening, February 28th, Kilpatrick left his camp at Stevensburg, near Culpeper Courthouse, in Northern Virginia, having 3,582 men, Colonel Ulric Dalgren, with 460 picked and excellently mounted cavalrymen, leading the advance. The presence of Dahlgren, with his regimeccessible to supplies, camped near Charlottesville. Information reached General Stuart that General, Averill, with a large force, had started on a raid in Northwestern Virginia. Stuart ordered Fitz Lee to break camp at once and proceed against him. Accordingly, on the 10th of December, 1863, we left Charlottesville and started i
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 34. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), chapter 1.21 (search)
ners. Early's entire force from the 15th of June until November 1st, with all reinforcements, was but 20,000 men of all arms, and his entire losses in killed, wounded and captured, less than 9,000. Remarkable character. Personally General Early was a remarkable character; he was elected to the Virginia Convention in 1860; he fought secession to the utmost and voted against it. When Sumter fell and Lincoln called for troops to invade the South, he offered his services to the State of Virginia, and raised a regiment. When the ordinance of secession was passed he again voted against it and refused to sign it. He never accepted his parole or took the oath, or voted after the war. He never wore anything but his Confederate gray, and was buried in it. The stories of his excessive drinking were malicious lies. General Early was a man of strong and stubborn disposition, but he was also a sincere friend. With all his faults and virtues he has passed over the river, and
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 34. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), chapter 1.29 (search)
h Waterloo, in 1815, Creasy gives Burgoyne's defeat at Saratoga, where the Americans largely outnumbered the British, as the decisive battles of our Revolution, because it led to the French recognition and alliance, which proved so opportune at Yorktown. Southern historians, with pardonable native pride, advance the claim of King's Mountains to the distinction Creasy accords to Saratoga; and with much show of reason, because at King's Mountain, the militia of the backwoods frontier of Southwest Virginia and the adjacent country of Tennessee, North Carolina and Kentucky, to the number of 910, under such master spirits as Campbell, Shelby, Levier, Cleveland, McDowell and Williams, with their hunting rifles met and destroyed Cornwallis' advance guard under Colonel Ferguson, composed of 1,016 of the flower of the British army, equipped with muskets and bayonets. Less than two thousand were here engaged and the battle lasted only an hour, but that hour was largely fraught with the nation'
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 34. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), chapter 1.32 (search)
people of Virginia at that time; but events were occurring outside of the State of Virginia, over which the Virginia people had no control, that were calculated to dielded to the sword, and the whole country was precipitated into war, the State of Virginia was totally unprepared for war, and many a volunteer company, when the fie volunteer companies to various points on the border of the State. In Northwestern Virginia the order was for all volunteer companies to rendezvous at Grafton, andike it is eighteen miles to Grafton. All of these roads were made by the State of Virginia prior to the year of 1861, under what was known as the internal improvemend war, with all of its horrors, was spread over the country. All of Northwestern Virginia, as far south as Randolph county, had to be abandoned to the Federals, athizers. The bold dash of the Federals, under General McClellan, into Northwest Virginia, led to the assembling of a mighty army under General Robert E. Lee in Gr
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 34. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), chapter 1.33 (search)
hat General Lee's army was hard up for meat rations, and the plan had been made up to raid Northwest Virginia and capture and drive South every kind of cattle in that part of the country that would mahen the Confederate troops in the Greenbrier Valley were put in motion for the raid into Northwestern Virginia, the marching orders were to go east, and the common opinion among the soldiers was thatlen back from Valley Mountain in September, 1861. A great many men who were refugees from Northwest Virginia had found out the secret of the raid and accompanied the raiders. General Imboden, when h, and on his arrival at Washington, he was hailed as the Young Napoleon. In approaching Northwestern Virginia from the east, Beverley is the key to all that country, and none knew this fact better thave been more abundantly supplied with live stock than all that fine grazing country of Northwestern Virginia was at that time, and all of this stock, independently of the sympathies of the owners,