e soldiers found themselves dismounted after a few days' campaign, and even obliged to go into cantonments.
This was the principal cause of the protracted inefficiency of the Federal cavalry.
Besides, the difference between the regiments commanded by an experienced colonel and those whose chiefs were ignorant of their profession was, at first, even greater in the cavalry than in the infantry; and officers like Averill, Gregg, Buford, and Farnsworth in the army of the Potomac, and Sheridan, Kautz, and Kilpatrick in the West, who subsequently achieved so much distinction, became at first noted for the excellent condition of the cavalry troops placed under their respective commands.
The division formation of these various arms was effected in a nearly uniform manner.
In the army of the Potomac four regiments, or battalions, constituted a brigade, with an effective force of from 3200 to 3500 men on taking the field.
A division was composed of three brigades of infantry, one regimen