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extinguible qui se developpa depuis dans mon coeur contre les vexations qua éprouve le malheu reux peuple et contre ses oppress eurs. he derived an eloquence which went to the heart of Europe. He lit up the darkness of his times with flashes of sagacity; and spoke out the chap. II.} 1763. hidden truth, that the old social world was smitten with inevitable decay; that if there is life still on earth, it is the masses alone that live. The phrase is from Cousin. At the very time when Bedford and Choiseul were concluding the peace that was ratified in 1763, Rousseau, in a little essay on the social compact, published to the millions, that while true legislation has its source in divinity, the right to exercise sovereignty belongs inalienably to the people; but rushing eagerly to the doctrine which was to renew the world, he lost out of sight the personal and individual freedom of mind. The race as it goes forward, does not let fall one truth, but husbands the fruits of past wis
f all the king's friends, I must in a few hours put other things in agitation; Bute to G. Grenville, in Grenville Papers, II. 33-39. and Grenville, with a warm sense of obligation, accepted the high and important situation destined for him by the king's goodness and his lordship's friendship, G. Grenville to Bute, in Grenville Papers, II. 33-39. promising not to put any negative Ibid. 38. upon those whom the king might approve as his colleagues in the ministry. Bute next turned to Bedford, announcing the king's abiding determination never, upon any account, to suffer those ministers of the late reign, who had attempted to fetter and enslave him, to come into his service while he lived to hold the sceptre. Bute to Bedford, 2d April, 1768, in Wiffen's Memoirs of the House of Russell, II. 522. Lord John Russell's Correspondence of John, 4th Duke of Bedford, III. 224. Shall titles and estates, he continued, and names like a Pitt, that impose on an ignorant populace, give this
, officers included, which will march this evening. Amherst to Bouquet, 23 June, 1763. who, having been wasted by the enfeebling service of the West Indies, were now to brave the danger of mountain passes and a slow and painful journey through the wilderness. He moved onwards with but about five hundred men, driving a hundred beeves and twice that number of sheep, with powder, flour, and provisions on pack-horses and in wagons chap. VII.} 1763. July. drawn by oxen. Between Carlisle and Bedford they passed the ruins of mills, deserted cabins, fields waving with the harvest, but without a reaper, and all the signs of a savage and ruthless enemy. On the twenty-eighth of July the party left Bedford, to wind its way, under the parching suns of midsummer, over the Alleghanies, along the narrow road, which was walled in by the dense forest on either side. On the second day of August the troops and con- Aug. voy arrived at Ligonier, but the commander could give no intelligence of th
enter a Minute for an American Stamp tax—ministry of Grenville and Bedford. May—September, 1763. The savage warfare was relentlessly ragiuld not but acquiesce in the peace, now that it was once made; but Bedford had been his strongest opponent in the cabinet, had contributed tohad so earnestly arraigned. For Pitt to have accepted office with Bedford would have been a marked adoption of the peace, alike glaringly iny to the Duke of Bedford, 15 August, 1763, in Wiffen, II. 527, and Bedford Cor., II. 236. in opposition. So ended the attempt to supersede Egremont by Pitt, with Bedford in the vacant chair of President of the Council. For a day or two the king hesitated, and had to endure the an example of the utmost fidelity of attachment. At the same time Bedford doubly irritated at being proscribed Sandwich to Bedford, 5 Sepis hatred and his fears, urged him to preside in the council. And Bedford, though personally indifferent to office, now that Bute had gone i
family. He approved the minute entirely, not knowing that, in the opinion of Bedford, Grenville, Halifax and Sandwich, his own family did not include his mother. the chap. XII.} 1765. May. order of succession, one after another, answered Bedford, unmasking the malice in which the bill had been conceived. Richmond wished tthe friend of the protective policy; and it had the approval of the king. But Bedford having, like Edmund Burke, caught the more liberal views of political economy cond reading. The silk weavers were exasperated; professing to believe that Bedford had been bought by the French. On Tuesday they went in a large body to Richmosaid the king. I shall give every order necessary for your safety. Sir, said Bedford, I believe it; for your honor is pledged to do so, and your authority is alrea Halifax as he declared, that he who should dare to advise the king to dismiss Bedford, would be the detestation of every honest man in the nation and be held in abo
g told of consulting Lord Bute. That his silence was a symptom of amendment, was Rigby's comment; for, said he, to hold one's tongue is honester than to falsify all one says. At the same time the king was resolved to interpret the discourse of Bedford as a resignation; though the colleagues of the duke were by no means disposed to retire, or to push matters so far as to provoke their dismissal. The thoroughly wise Grenville was expected to counterwork the king with Temple; for their reconciled aristocracy, desired to confirm. Here was an irreconcilable antagonism of opinion which was to divide them for the rest of their lives. On account of their difference on the American question, or from a perfidious concert with Grenville and Bedford, or for reasons that have remained unrevealed, Temple refused to take office. Pitt was alike surprised, wounded, and embarrassed. Lord Temple was his brother-in-law; had, in the time of his retiring from the office of paymaster, helped him wit
ecy. The evidence especially of the riots in Rhode Island and New-York, produced a very unfavorable effect. On the last day of January the weakness of chap. XXI.} 1766. Jan. the ministry appeared on a division respecting an election for some of the boroughs in Scotland; in a very full house they had only a majority of eleven. The grooms of the bedchamber, and even Lord George Sackville voted against them, whilst Charles Townshend, the paymaster, declined to vote at all. On the same day Bedford and Grenville were asked, if on Bute's opening the door, they were ready to negotiate for a change of administration, and they both sent word to the king, that his order would be attended to, with duty and respect, through whatever channel it should come. Had Pitt acceded to the administration, he would have made the attempt to bring the nation to the conviction of the expediency of giving up all right of taxation over the colonies.. Left to themselves, with the king against them, and t
ion took place. Only a few days before, Bedford had confidently predicted the defeat of the ministry. The king, the queen, the princess dowager, the Duke of York, Lord Bute desired it. The scanty remains of the old tories; all the followers of Bedford and Grenville; the king's friends; every Scottish member, except Sir Alexander Gilmore and George Dempster; Lord George Sack chap XXIII.} 1766. Feb. ville, whom this ministry had restored, and brought into office; Oswald, Sackville's colleaguefeeling, rejoiced that he was not the eldest-born, but could serve his country in the House of Commons, like his father. At the palace, the king treated with great coolness all his servants who voted for the repeal. We have been beaten, said Bedford to the French minister, but we have made a gallant fight of it. If the Scottish members, elected as they then were by a dependent tenantry, or in the boroughs by close corporations, voted to enforce the tax, the mind of Scotland was as much a
seventy-three; but adding the voices of those absent peers, who voted by proxy, the numbers were one hundred and five against seventy-one. Northington, than whom no one had been more vociferous that the Americans must submit, voted for the repeal, chap XXIV.} 1766. Mar. pleading his unwillingness to act on such a question against the House of Commons. Immediately, the protest which Lyttelton had prepared against committing the bill, was produced, and signed by thirty-three peers, with Bedford at their head. Against the total repeal of the Stamp Act, they maintained that such a strange and unheard of submission of King, Lords, and Commons to a successful insurrection of the colonies would make the authority of Great Britain contemptible; that the reason assigned for their disobeying the Stamp Act, extended to all other laws, and, if admitted, must set them absolutely free from obedience to the power of the British legislature; that any endeavor to enforce it hereafter, against t