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George Bancroft, History of the United States from the Discovery of the American Continent, Vol. 5, 13th edition. 88 0 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in George Bancroft, History of the United States from the Discovery of the American Continent, Vol. 5, 13th edition.. You can also browse the collection for Boston Bernard or search for Boston Bernard in all documents.

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d that matter, the alteration of the constitutions in America, in his thoughts, and was once inclined that way. This can hardly refer to any other moment than Townshend's short career as first lord of trade. Compare, further, the letter of Governor Bernard to Halifax, of 9 November, 1764, where the idea of these constitutional alterations is most fully developed, and where it is said, This business seems only to have waited for a proper time. See, too, the many letters from the colonies, justition that even in the last year of the war, when it was carried on beyond their abounds, the colonies had contributed to the common cause, more than their just proportion. The peace, too, the favorite measure of the ministry and the king, Bernard to Egremont, 16 Feb. 1763. had been gratefully welcomed in the New World. We in America, said Otis Hutchinson's History of Massachusetts, III. 101, 102. to the people of Boston, on being chosen moderator at their first town meeting in 1763, h
Chapter 6: The triumvirate ministry pursue the plan of taxing America by parliament. April, May, 1763. George the Third was revered by his courtiers as CHAP. VI.} 1763. April. realizing the idea of a patriot king. The Annual Register: Gov. Bernard, in a speech to the Legislature of Massachusetts. He would espouse no party, rule by no faction, and employ none but those who would conduct affairs on his own principles. The watchword of his friends was a coalition of parties, in the spirit of dutiful obedience, so that he might select ministers from among them all, and he came to the throne resolved to begin to govern as soon as he should begin to reign. Bolingbroke's Patriot King, 77. Yet the established constitution was more immovable than his designs. Pitt did not retire from the ministry till the country was growing weary of his German war, and a majority in the British cabinet opposed his counsels. Newcastle, so long the representative of a cabal of the oligarc
Son, September, 1763. Letter CCCLXXII. and the Earl of Hillsborough, like Shelburne an Irish as well as an English Peer, was placed at the head of the Board of Trade. One and the same spirit was at work on each side of the Atlantic. From Boston Bernard urged anew the establishment of a sufficient and independent civil list—out of which enlarged salaries were to be paid to the crown officers. And while he acknowledged that the compact between the king and the people was in no colony better ling to look up to the king for honor and authority. A permanent civil list, independent of colonial appropriations, an aristocratic middle legislative power, and a Court of Chancery—these were the subjects of the very earnest recommendation of Bernard to the British government. Answer of Francis Bernard, 1763. Esq., Governor of Massachusetts 423. Bay, to the queries proposed by the Lords Commissioners for Trade and State, Plantations; dated 5 September, King's Library, Mss. CCV. Compare
rmy, they shrunk from upholding obnoxious measures, which to them were to bring no profit. They were disheartened, and began to fear that provision for the civil list, the only object they cared for, was indefinitely postponed. In their view, the regulation and the reformation of the American government was become a necessary work, and should take precedence of all other business. They would have a parliamentary regulation of colonial charters, and a certain and sufficient civil list, Bernard's Letters, passim, from 1763 to 1767. laid upon perpetual funds. But Grenville, accepting the opinions of his secretary, Jackson, refused to become the attorney for American office-holders, or the founder of a stupendous system of colonial patronage and corruption. His policy looked mainly to the improvement of the finances, and the alleviation of the burdens chap IX.} 1764. Jan. which pressed upon the country gentlemen of England. When Halifax urged the payment of the salaries of the
e of the above instructions. On the other hand, Bernard sought to ingratiate himself in England, by sendingnment established for all America by parliament. Bernard's Principles of Law and Polity. Of the paper containing this advice, Bernard sent several copies to the ministry, carefully concealing from America his treacheroue fit only for the consideration of the cabinet. Bernard's Select Letters on Trade and Government, 25. While Bernard thus secretly and stealthily laid before the cabinet his views on America, Otis spoke July. throuy exertion of the prerogative. In Massachusetts, Bernard was eager to carry into effect a new arrangement ofs, would place the king's authority upon a rock. Bernard to Halifax, 8 November, 1764. If the new arrangess might soon be brought to a conclusion. Nor did Bernard forget to remind Lord Halifax, that once Massachusetts had for a season established a stamp act. Bernard to Halifax, 12 November, 1764. In Connecticut, the
John Hughes's Letter, in Boston Gazette of 22 Sept. 1766. Of the American colonies, Virginia rang the alarm bell. Bernard to Halifax, Aug. 1765. Virginia gave the signal for the continent. Gage to Conway, 23 Sept. 1765. At the opening ballot of both branches, re-elected councillor, by a majority of but three out of about one hundred and twenty votes. Bernard to Lords of Trade. Representation of Lords of Trade, 1 Oct. 1765. More than half the representatives voted against him.acquainted all the people, that within parliament itself they had been hailed as the Sons of Liberty, a message from Governor Bernard, who believed the fulfilment of his hopes and counsels near at hand, informed the new legislature of Massachusetts, the interest on the remaining debt was reduced from six to five per cent. by a public subscription among themselves. Bernard to Lords of Trade, 15 July, 1765. Simultaneously, in the very first days of June, and before the proceedings in Virg
o the proposed Congress; but, on some advice from the governor, changed his mind, chap. XIV.} 1765. June. and the house, in the hurry preceding the adjournment, rather from uncertainty than the want of goodwill, unanimously declined the invitation. The Assembly of New Hampshire seemed to approve but did not adopt it. The great measure was in peril; and its failure July. would make of American resistance a mockery. Nothing will be done in consequence of this intended Congress, wrote Bernard, in July; and he seized the opportunity to press more and more upon the government at home the necessity of taking into their hands the appointment of the American civil list, as well as changing the council of the province. Even the liberal Governor of Maryland reported that the resentment of the colonists would probably die out; and that, in spite of the violent outcries of the lawyers, the Stamp Act would be carried into execution. But far away towards the lands of the sun, the Ass
We will take them down ourselves at evening, said the people. Bernard summoned his council. The country, whatever may be the consequencnterfering with the people. The day passed, and evening came, and Bernard and Hutchinson were still engaged in impotent altercations with th we will die upon the place first. Hutchinson's Ms. Narrative. Bernard to Lords of Trade, 15 Aug. 1765. We have sixty thousand fighting-ms. At eleven, the multitude repaired to the Province House, where Bernard lived, and after three cheers, they dispersed quietly. We have tor on the first tree after he enters the colony. If Oliver, said Bernard, with rueful gravity, had been found last night, he would certainlnder his own hand, that he would not serve as Stamp Officer, while Bernard, deserting his post as guardian of the public peace, hurried trembat might happen. Sharpe to Gage 5 Sept. 1765. On the fifth, Bernard, at Boston, gave way, without dignity or courage. After the resig
, and establishing that most mischievous of all customs, the taking of commissions on all condemnations. To the Legislature which convened on the twenty-fifth, Bernard attempted to draw a frightful picture of the general outlawry and rising of the poor against the rich, which were to ensue, if stamps were not used, and so to dra Thacher. On the day on which Samuel Adams took his seat, he found the legislature adopting resolves, that all courts should do business without stamps; on which Bernard, in a fright, prorogued it till nine days before the first of November. The eye of the whole continent watched with the intensest anxiety the conduct of New-Yohat to do. Besides, the officers of government had no confidence in one another. In Boston, Gage was not esteemed a man of capacity; and he, in his turn, thought Bernard pusillanimous. At New-York, he called upon the civil power to exert itself more efficiently. All civil authority is at an end, Colden to Gage, 2 Sept. 1765.
f the men on whose support they were compelled to rely, many were among the loudest and ablest supporters of the Stamp tax. So orders were given Grey Cooper to Bernard, 8 Oct, 1765. Same to Shirley, 10 Oct. Treasury Letter Book. to Bernard, in Massachusetts, and elsewhere to governors, in cases of a vacancy, to act as stamp-disBernard, in Massachusetts, and elsewhere to governors, in cases of a vacancy, to act as stamp-distributors; and the resolves of Virginia were reserved for the consideration of that very parliament which had passed the Stamp Act by a majority of five to one. Rockingham had promised nothing to the friends of America but relief to trade, where it was improperly curbed. To rouse the ministry from its indifference, Thomas Hollis,ivy Council, sent orders to the American Governors, and to the General, exhorting to persuasive methods, and the utmost prudence and lenity. Conway to Gage; to Bernard; to the Governors of North America. The conduct of America was regulated by the Congress, at New-York. Those who compose it, said Gage, are of various charac
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