Coalition of the King and the Great Commoner against the aristocracy—the Administration of Chatham.
the obnoxious clauses of the Billeting Act had
Chap. XXVI.} 1766. July. been renewed inadvertently by Ministers, who had designed to adopt a system of lenity.
They proposed to remove Bernard from Massachusetts, in favor of Hutchinson,
Thos. Hutchinson, jr., to Thos. Hutchinson, July, 1766. whom Conway had been duped into believing a friend to colonial liberty.
Reviving against Spain the claim for the ransom of the Manillas, they suggested in lieu of it a cession of the island of New Orleans; though the Spanish ambassador took fire at the thought, saying, New Orleans is the key to Mexico.
Durand to Choiseul, 27 June, 1766. With equally vain endeavors, they were forming new and milder instructions for the government of Canada,
Hardwicke's Memorial. in the hope to combine respect for the municipal customs and religion of its old inha
The British aristocracy reduce their own taxes—defeat of Chatham's Administration by the Mosaic Opposition.
The day after Townshend braved his colleagues
Chap. Xxviii} 1767. Jan. the Legislature of Massachusetts convened.
Hutchinson, having received his compensation as a sufferer by the riots, restrained his ambition no longer, and took a seat in the Council as though it of right belonged to the Lieutenant Governor.
Bernard to Secretary of State, 7 Feb. 1767, and 21 Feb. 1767. The House resented the lust of power, manifested by his intrusion into an elective body of which he had not been chosen a member.
Answer of the House, 31 Jan. 1767, in Bradford, 104; and Letter from the House to Dennys De Berdt, 16 March, 1767 The Council, by a unanimous vote, denied his pretensions.
The language of the Charter was too explicit to admit of a doubt;
Opinion of the Attorney General in England, cited in a Minute relative to Massachusetts Bay