the owner was one of the richest men, if not the richest man, in the Colonies.
Such was the home of Col. Isaac Royall, a man more sinned against than sinning, in the opinion of many writers.
Isaac Royall's ancestors were genuine Colonists and shared the trials and tribulations of the people of those days.
The name of Royall appears in the early records and has been perpetuated in various localities.
William Royall of England was granted a tract of land in Salem in 1629.
A son, William, Jr., was born in 1640.
Isaac Royall, Sr., whose wealth built and made famous our Royall House in Medford, was his grandson, born in Yarmouth on Casco Bay, Maine, in 1672.
At the early age of three years his parent (William, Jr.) moved to Dorchester, Mass., because of continuous troubles with the Indians in Maine.
Young Isaac, as he grew older, developed a love for the sea and took frequent trips from Dorchester to the West Indies, where he finally married and made a h
e Cradock house, wish to lengthen the span of Medford's life by extending it backward to 1628, or 1629 at the latest.
So, in their opinion at least, we are stealing a march on Boston, founded in 1630 ran straight and parallel.
Six persons were rather a close corporation for all this land and in 1629 twenty other persons, Cradock included, were associated with them and the corporation took a charre, by joint consent and approbation of Mr. John Endicott, Governor, did the same summer of 1628 (1629) undertake a journey from Salem, and travelled the woods above twelve miles to the westward, and ountry round about was an uncouth wilderness, full of timber. So Medford was already inhabited in 1629.
These men returned to Salem and made their report, and Endicott in return wrote a report to CraMedford as early as 1628 and a settlement was already established at that date.
In the spring of 1629 the company sent over six shipwrights, and provisions for building ships as pitch, tar, rosin, oa
arns, and many other buildings, but did not so specify these objects as to render them cognizable by us. There is no deed of this house given by any other person.
There was no other person that could own it. It was on Mr. Cradock's land, and just where his business made it necessary: the conclusion, therefore, is inevitable that Mr. Cradock built it. There is every reason to believe that it was commenced early in the spring of 1634.
Clay was known to abound; and bricks were made in Salem in 1629. Mr. Cradock made such an outlay in money as showed that he intended to carry on a large business for a long time, and doubtless proposed visiting his extensive plantation.
The very first necessity in such an enterprise was a sufficient house.
The sooner it was finished, the better; and it was commenced as soon as the land was granted, which was March, 1634.
Who, in that day, could afford to build such a house but the rich London merchant?
and would he delay doing a work which every day