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when the free are sovereign and an oligarchy when the rich are, but that it comes about that the sovereign class in a democracy is numerous and that in an oligarchy small because there are many men of free birth and few rich. For otherwise, suppose people assigned the offices by height, as some personse.g. Hdt. 3.20. say is done in Ethiopia, or by beauty, that would be an oligarchy, because both the handsome and the tall are few in number. Nevertheless it is not enough to define these constitutions even by wealth and free birth only; but inasmuch as there are more elements than one both in democracy and in oligarchy, we must add the further distinction that neither is it a democracy if the freei.e. those of citizen birth. being few govern the majority who are not of free birth, as for instance at Apollonia on the Ionian Gulf and at Thera （for in each of these cities the offices of honor were filled by the specially noble families