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Browsing named entities in a specific section of Strabo, Geography (ed. H.C. Hamilton, Esq., W. Falconer, M.A.). Search the whole document.

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. It seems probable that MorgantiumIt is probable that Morgantium was situated on the right bank of the Giaretta, below its confluence with the Dattaino, but at some little distance from the sea; at least such is the opinion of Cluverius, in opposition to the views of Sicilian topographers. Sic. Ant. book ii. cap. 7, pp. 325 and 335. was founded by the Morgetes. Formerly it was a city, but now it is not. When the CarthaginiansThe first settlement of the Carthaginians in Sicily was about 560 B. C. endeavoured to gain possession of the island they continually harassed both the Greeks and the barbarians, but the Syracusans withstood them; at a later period the Romans expelled the Carthaginians and took Syracuse after a long siege.212 years B. C. And [Sextus] Pompeius, having destroyed Syracuse in the same way as he had done by the other cities,42 years B. C. Augustus Cæsar in our own times sent thither a colony, and to a great extent restored it to its former importance, for
s to RhegiumReggio. is 60 stadia, but the distance to the Columna Rheginorum is much less. It was from a colony of the Messenians of the Peloponnesus that it was named Messana, having been originally called Zanole, on account of the great inequality of the coast (for anything irregular was termed ca/gklion.Thucydides says ca/gklion is a Sicilian word. It was originally founded by the people of Naxos near Catana. Afterwards the Mamertini, a tribe of Campanians, took possession of it.B. C. 289. The Romans, in the war in Sicily against the Carthaginians, used it as an arsenal.B. C. 264 to 243. Still more recently,B. C. 44. Sextus Pompeius assembled his fleet in it, to contend against Augustus Cæsar; and when he relinquished the island, he took ship from thence.B. C. 36. CharybdisNow called Garafalo. is pointed out at a short distance from the city in the Strait, an immense gulf, into which the back currents of the Strait frequently impel ships, carrying them down with a whirl an
line run from Pachynus to Lilybæum (which is much to the west of Pelorias) is considerably diverged from the south towards the west, having at the same time an aspect looking towards the east and towards the south.Gossellin observes, that from Pachynus to Lilybæum the coast runs from the south to the north-west, and looks towards the south-west. On one side it is washed by the sea of Sicily, and on the other by the Libyan Sea, extending from Carthage to the Syrtes. The shortest run is 1500 stadia from Lilybæum to the coast of Africa about Carthage; and, according to report, a certain very sharp-sighted person,This person, according to Varro, was named Strabo. See Varr. ap. Plin. Hist. Nat. lib. vii. § 21, page 386. placed on a watch-tower, announced to the Carthaginians besieged in Lilybæum the number of the ships which were leaving Carthage. And from Lilybæum to Pelorias the side must necessarily incline towards the east, and look in a direction towards the west and nort<
especially in Lipari itself.—These islands are seven in number, the chief of which is Lipari, a colony of the Cnidians.Founded about B. C. 580. It is nearest to Sicily after Thermessa.Thermessa, at present called Vulcano, is doubtless the same mentioned in Pliny's Nat. Hist. lib. iii. § 14, tom. i. p. 164, as Therasia, by the error of the copyist. Paulus Orosius, lib. iv. cap. 20, says that it rose from the bed of the sea, B. C. 571. It is however certain that it was in existence B. C. 427, confer. l'hucyd. lib. iii. § 88, and was for a considerable time called Hiera. It was originally named Meligunis. It was possessed of a fleet, and for a considerable time repelled the incursions of the Tyrrheni.See Pausan. Phoc. or lib. x. cap. 16, p. 835. The islands now called Liparæan were subject to it, some call them the islands of Æolus. The citizens were so successful as to make frequent offerings of the spoils taken in war to the temple of Apollo at Delphi.See Pausan. Phoc. or <
s a portico well worthy of notice. † The other settlement and most of the interior have been left to the shepherds for pasturage; for we do not know that Himera is yet inhabited,The Carthaginians had destroyed it about 409 years B. C. or Gela,Some colonists from Rhodes made a settlement here 45 years after the foundation of Syracuse. It was overthrown about 279 years B. C. or Callipolis, or Selinus, or Eubœa, or many other places; of these the Zanclæi of MylœMilazzo. founded Himera,About 649 B. C. the people of Naxos, Callipolis,It is supposed that Callipolis anciently occupied the site of Mascalis. the Megaræans of Sicily,Those who inhabited Hybia Minor. We know that Selinus was in existence 640 B. C., and destroyed 268 B. C. Selinus,Now ruins called di Pollece on the river Madiuni in the Terra de' Pulci. and the LeontiniThe Leontini arrived in Sicily 728 B. C., and founded Leontini, now Lentini. Eubœa.Eubmœa was destroyed by the tyrant Gelon, who reigned from 491 to 478
istance of about 40 stadia. Much the same circumstances are remarked of the TigrisAccording to Pliny, Hist. Nat. lib. vi. § 31, tom. i. p. 333, the Tigris is ingulfed on reaching a branch of Mount Taurus, at a place called Zoroanda, which M. D'Anville identifies with the modern Hazour. in Mesopotamia, and the Nile in Africa,Libu/h in Strabo. a little beforeKramer here persists in reading po|o\, and rejects a)po\ we have endeavoured to translate it with Kramer, but the French translation of 1809 renders it, a little below its sources. its most notorious springs. The water in the neighbourhood of the city of Stymphalus, having passed under ground about 200 stadia, gives rise to the river ErasinusA river of Argolis: see book viii. Casaub. pp. 371 and 389. in Argia;Argolis. and again, the waters which are ingulfed with a low roaring sound near AseaThis ancient city was found in ruins by Pausanias, who says (Arcadic or book viii. cap. 44, p. 691) that at less than 20 stadia distant
it about 409 years B. C. or Gela,Some colonists from Rhodes made a settlement here 45 years after the foundation of Syracuse. It was overthrown about 279 years B. C. or Callipolis, or Selinus, or Eubœa, or many other places; of these the Zanclæi of MylœMilazzo. founded Himera,About 649 B. C. the people of Naxos, Callipolis,It is supposed that Callipolis anciently occupied the site of Mascalis. the Megaræans of Sicily,Those who inhabited Hybia Minor. We know that Selinus was in existence 640 B. C., and destroyed 268 B. C. Selinus,Now ruins called di Pollece on the river Madiuni in the Terra de' Pulci. and the LeontiniThe Leontini arrived in Sicily 728 B. C., and founded Leontini, now Lentini. Eubœa.Eubmœa was destroyed by the tyrant Gelon, who reigned from 491 to 478 B. C. Eubali, Castellazzio, and a place near the little town of Licodia, not far from the source of the Drillo, have been supposed to be the site of the ancient Eubœa. Siebenkees thinks that the words between d
nti. Virgil calls Agrigentum by the Greek name, Æn. iii. 703, Arduus inde Acragas ostentat maxima longe Mœnia, magnanimûm quondam generator equorum.Æn. iii. 703 of the Agrigentini, 20; and toAs the distance from Agrigentum to Camarina greatly exceeds another 20 miles, Kramer supposes that the words, and to Gela, 20, have been omitted by the copyist. Cama- rina,Torre di Camarana. another 20; then to Pachynus, 50; thence again along the third side to Syracuse, 36;The Paris MS. No. 1393, used by the French translators, has 33; the Paris MS. 1396, and the Medici pint. 28, No. 5, give 20 miles. from Syracuse to Catana, 60; then to Tauromenium,Taormina. 33; thence to Messana, 30.Gossellin observes, that the distance from Messina to Cape Pelorias, which would complete the circuit of Sicily, is about 9 miles. Thus on footi. e. by land. from Pachynus to Pelorias we have 168 [miles], and from MessanaMessina. to [Cape] Lilybeum, on the Via Valeria,An intelligent critic has imag
, Arduus inde Acragas ostentat maxima longe Mœnia, magnanimûm quondam generator equorum.Æn. iii. 703 of the Agrigentini, 20; and toAs the distance from Agrigentum to Camarina greatly exceeds another 20 miles, Kramer supposes that the words, and to Gela, 20, have been omitted by the copyist. Cama- rina,Torre di Camarana. another 20; then to Pachynus, 50; thence again along the third side to Syracuse, 36;The Paris MS. No. 1393, used by the French translators, has 33; the Paris MS. 1396, and the Medici pint. 28, No. 5, give 20 miles. from Syracuse to Catana, 60; then to Tauromenium,Taormina. 33; thence to Messana, 30.Gossellin observes, that the distance from Messina to Cape Pelorias, which would complete the circuit of Sicily, is about 9 miles. Thus on footi. e. by land. from Pachynus to Pelorias we have 168 [miles], and from MessanaMessina. to [Cape] Lilybeum, on the Via Valeria,An intelligent critic has imagined that this road may have been commenced by M. Valerius Ma
hes towards the east, and is washed by the Sea of Sicily, looking towards the Peloponnesus and in the direction of the passage to Crete; the third is Lilybæum,Capo di Marsalla, or Capo Boeo. and is next to Africa, looking towards that region and the setting of the sun in winter.The south-west. Of the sides which these three headlands bound, two are somewhat concave, while the third is slightly convex, it runs from Lilybæum to Pelorias, and is the longest, being, as Posidonius has said, 1700 stadia adding further twenty. Of the others, that extending to Pachynus from Lilybæum is the longer, while the shortest faces the Strait and Italy, extending from Pelorias to Pachynus, being about 1120 or 1130 stadia. Posidonius shows that the circumference is 4400 stadia, but in the Chorography the distances are declared to exceed the above numbers, being severally reckoned in miles. Thus from Cape Pelorias to Mylæ,Milazzo. 25 miles; from Mylæ to Tyndaris,S. Maria di Tindaro. 25;
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